SPOR07043 2016 Nutrition and Performance

General Details

Full Title
Nutrition and Performance
Transcript Title
Nutrition and Performance
75 %
Subject Area
SPOR - Sport/Rec/Leisure
MKTS - Marketing, Tourism & Sport
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Shirley McKenna
Programme Membership
SG_BAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Applied Sport with Business SG_BSPOR_H08 201900 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Sport with Business

Human nutrition as the base for human health and performance will be explored during this module. The dynamics of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism will be reviewed. The role of vitamins, minerals and water in the context of human performance will be will be illustrated as well as optimal nutrition for exercise and human energy expenditure. Nutrition for weight loss and various nutritional strategies employed by sports athletes to gain a competitive edge will be discussed. In addition, the prevalence of fad dieting and disordered eating in the general and sporting population will be investigated.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Identify the role of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins and water in the body.



Outline the dynamics of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism during physical activity of various intensities and durations.


Interpret food logs, food labels and recommended dietary allowance.


Define the terms osteoporosis, exercise induced anemia and sodium-induced hypertension and disordered eating.


Recognise the water content requirement in exercise and the predisposing factors to hyponatremia.


Discuss carbohydrate feeding prior to, during and in recovery from exercise and the impact on glycemic index on insulin levels. 


Describe the ideal sports drink and the rationale for its composition.


Discuss the culture and risks of fad dieting and dietary supplemententation.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Activity based teaching and learning strategies will engage students in individual and group experiential learning opportunities to research, analyse, collate and debate with peers. Elaboration strategies such as paraphrasing and summarising will be employed during research based enquiry and online tools will allow students to test their own comprehension during the semester. The terminal exam will challenge learners in the area of recall and synthesis of knowledge.

Module Assessment Strategies

Continuous Assessment constitutes 50% of the marks and the final written exam makes up the remaining 50%.

Food logs will be used to record and analyse daily food intake. Group discussons, video and oral presentations will be employed so that students can debate issues related to fad dieting, dietary supplements and disordered eating amongst athletes. The final written exam will be used to test the synthesis of knowledge during the semester while an on-line moodle exam will test the learner's understanding fundamental nutritional concepts.

Repeat Assessments

Normal repeat assessment procedures will apply.

Indicative Syllabus


1.1 Identify carbohydrate (CHO) as an energy source & fuel for CNS.

1.2 Recognise the role of CHO as a protein sparer & meatabolic primer.

1.3 Describe the role of fats & types of fats linked to disease.

1.4 Describe the role of proteins and types of proteins.

1.5 Identify the role of vitamins & minerals for normal boby function and for immunity.

1.6 Identify the risks of over consumption of vitamins and minerals.

1.7 Discuss the role of water and proper hydration.



2.1 Recognise the contribution of CHO during intense, moderate and prolonged exercise.

2.2 Recognise the contribution of lipids during exercise & effects of training on fat use.

2.3 Identify the functions of cholesterol and the association with coronory heart disease.

2.3 Recognise the contribution of proteins during exercise and the Alanine-Glucose Cycle.



3.1 Practically analyse food logs and calculate caloric intake.

3.2 Understand how to read food labels.

3.2 Identify the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for different food groups.

3.4 Discuss healthy eating for special populations.

3.5 Compare nutrient and energy intakes of the physicall active with sedentary counterparts.



4.1. Describe health eating behaviours.

4.2 Describe disordered eating behaviours.

4.3 Describe the Female Athlete Triad.

4.4 Define the terms osteoporosis, exercise induced anemia and sodium-induced hypertension.

4.5 Identify nutritional strategies for effective weight management.



5.1 Discuss water balance and the effects of dehydration on performance.

5.2 Identify the ideal sports drink and rationale for its composition.

5.3 Identify the predisposing factors to hyponatremia.

5.4 Describe environmental factors affecting hydration.



6.1 Describe the timing and composition of the pre-competition meal.

6.2 Identify recommendations for fluid and carbohydrate replacement during exercise.

6.3 Describe the role of glycemic index (GI) in pre and post exercise glycogen replenishment.

6.4 Describe the risks versus benefits of carbohydrate loading.



7.1 Identify the research based efficacy of nutritional supplements.

7.2 Identify the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) position on supplementation.

7.3 Examine the benefits versus risks of summplemetation.

7.4 Discuss ethical behaviour of fitness professionals with regard to nutritional supplements.


Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Moodle Exam Continuous Assessment Multiple Choice 20 % Week 6 1
2 Workshop on Food Logs and Food Labels Formative Assignment - % Week 4 3
3 Group Presentation Continuous Assessment Group Project 30 % Week 10 4,6,8

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Semester 2,4,5,6,7,8

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Lecture 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2014-02-24 Exercise Physiology: Nutrition, Energy, and Human Performance LWW
ISBN 1451191553 ISBN-13 9781451191554

Setting the standard for more than 30 years, Exercise Physiology has helped more than 350,000 students build a solid foundation in the scientific principles underlying modern exercise physiology. This Eighth Edition is updated with the latest research in the field to give you easy-to-understand, up-to-date coverage of how nutrition, energy transfer, and exercise training affect human performance. 
  • Get quick access to the resources available to help you master each section of the text with Ancillaries at a Glance.
  • Maximize your study time with the books vibrant, magazine style design that makes the content more engaging and accessible and key information easier to find.
  • Reinforce your understanding with Chapter Objectives, Integrative Questions that pose open-ended questions for reflection on complex concepts, and FYI sections that offer good to know information.
  • Gain an understanding of how researchers contribute to our knowledge of exercise physiology through engaging section-opening interviews with key figures in the field.
  • Learn how theoretical concepts relate to practical skills through In a Practical Sense features.
  • Access the most relevant current information in the field through figures and tables that clarify important concepts and information.
  • Gain an understanding of the past, present, and future of the profession through coverage of important milestones and future directions in the field.
Visit the free companion website for anywhere, anytime access to over 30 animations of key exercise physiology concepts, the books complete list of references, and more.

Recommended Reading
2011-01-18 NSCA's Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition (Science of Strength and Conditioning Series) Human Kinetics
ISBN 9780736083492 ISBN-13 9780736083492

NSCAs Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition provides valuable information and guidelines that address the nutrition needs for the broad range of clientele serviced by strength and conditioning professionals, personal trainers, and sport dietitians. Whether you work with fitness enthusiasts or competitive athletes, this resource will lead you through the key concepts of sport and exercise nutrition so that you can assess an individuals nutrition status andif it falls within your scope of practicedevelop customized nutrition plans. Developed by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) and subjected to an intensive peer-review process, this authoritative resource offers the latest research and literature review from respected scientists and practitioners with expertise in nutrition, exercise, and sport performance

NSCAs Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition covers all aspects of food selection, digestion, metabolism, and hydration relevant to sport and exercise performance. This comprehensive resource will help you understand safe and effective ways to improve training and performance through natural nutrition-based ergogenic aids like supplementation and macronutrient intake manipulation. You will also learn guidelines about proper fluid intake to enhance performance and the most important criteria for effectively evaluating the quality of sport drinks and replacement beverages. Finally, cutting-edge findings on nutrient timing based on the type, intensity, and duration of activity will help you understand how to recommend the correct nutrients at the ideal time to achieve optimal performance results.

In addition to presenting research relating to sport and exercise nutrition, each chapter includes a professional application section that will help you make the connection between the literature and its practical implementation. Sidebars emphasize important topics, and reproducible forms consisting of a food log, brief athlete nutrition assessment, and goal-setting questionnaire can be copied and shared with your clients. A running glossary keeps key terms at your fingertips, and extensive references within the text offer starting points for your continued study and professional enrichment.

Each client and athlete requires a customized diet tailored to the frequency, intensity, duration, and specificity of the training and demands of the sport or activity. With NSCAs Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition, you will learn how food, sport supplements, and their interactions with a clients biological systems can enhance exercise and sport performance for optimal training, recovery, and competition.

NSCAs Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition is part of the Science of Strength and Conditioning series. Developed with the expertise of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), this series of texts provides the guidelines for converting scientific research into practical application. The series covers topics such as tests and assessments, program design, nutrition, and special populations.

Recommended Reading
2011-06-07 Nutrition, Exercise, and Behavior: An Integrated Approach to Weight Management Brooks Cole
ISBN 0840069243 ISBN-13 9780840069245

Nutrition, Exercise, and Behavior: An Integrated Approach presents the basic principles of weight management and examines the role that nutrition and physical fitness play in weight control. The text takes an integrated approach to weight management issues and includes detailed coverage of assessment techniques, behavioral and non-behavioral treatment approaches, and prevention strategies.

Recommended Reading
2010-04-01 Anita Bean's Sports Nutrition for Women: A Practical Guide for Active Women A & C Black Publishers Ltd
ISBN 1408114070 ISBN-13 9781408114070

Women who exercise regularly have specific nutritional needs. Carefully researched and fully up to date, and written by an experienced sports nutritionist, Anita Bean's book is written in a clear and accessible way to appeal directly to active women. This book covers topics such as exercise and the menstrual cycle, bone health, disordered eating, weight loss and iron deficiency anaemia. Around 45% of women take place in sport or physical activity, and over 4.4 million women are members of sports clubs (21% of women). A recipe section gives women lots of ideas for healthy and easy -to-cook meals and snacks.

Recommended Reading
2014-02-03 Nutrition for Sport and Exercise Wadsworth Publishing
ISBN 128575249X ISBN-13 9781285752495

Insightful, well-organized, and clearly written, NUTRITION FOR SPORT AND EXERCISE, 3rd Edition, integrates nutrition and exercise physiology principles, emphasizing scientific reasoning and examining research studies to illuminate the evidence for current nutritional recommendations. In addition, the text helps you translate these nutrition recommendations to specific plans for the appropriate amount and type of foods, beverages, and/or supplements to support training, performance, and recovery. The authors carefully illustrate the links between exercise, nutrition, and, the ultimate goals: optimal performance and health.

Recommended Reading
2009-02-11 Nutrition for Health, Fitness & Sport McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
ISBN 0073375551 ISBN-13 9780073375557

This textbook provides the reader with thorough coverage of the role nutrition plays in enhancing one's health, fitness, and sport performance. Current research and practical activities are incorporated throughout.

Recommended Reading
2013-04-09 Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies, 13th Edition Brooks Cole
ISBN 1133603181 ISBN-13 9781133603184

Ideal for both non-majors and mixed-majors, NUTRITION: CONCEPTS AND CONTROVERSIES provides practical applications and accessible explanations to dispel common misconceptions about nutrition and empower readers to make lasting behavior changes. Do pregnant women really crave pickles and ice cream? Are carbohydrates good or bad? These and many more topics are explored in NUTRITION: CONCEPTS AND CONTROVERSIES. The Thirteenth Edition of this text dispels common misconceptions about nutrition, and equips you with a thorough understanding of important nutrition concepts and tools that empower you to make informed decisions about your own nutrition choices. Known for its clear explanations that show you how topics relate to your life, the text provides the basics of nutrition--from how to be a good consumer to understanding the science of nutrition--and is packed with interactive learning tools and study aids to help you in your course. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

Module Resources