SPOR06044 2016 Disability Sport Inclusion

General Details

Full Title
Disability Sport Inclusion
Transcript Title
Sport Inclusion
75 %
Subject Area
SPOR - Sport/Rec/Leisure
MKTS - Marketing, Tourism & Sport
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Shirley McKenna
Programme Membership
SG_BAPPL_C06 201600 Higher Certificate in Business in Applied Sport SG_BAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Applied Sport with Business SG_BSPOR_H08 201900 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Sport with Business

This subject aims to give students the basic knowledge and practical skills to allow them to engage people with disabilities in physical activity sessions. Theory based knowledge will identify models of inclusion, and issues around coaching individuals with disabilities. Lectures will also identify additional medical complications associated with populations that have poor levels of physical activity. Practical workshops will engage the student in problem based learning where they will be encouraged to focus on the specific needs of a target population and consider ways of adapting physical activity to make it more inclusive. Students will also be encouraged complete 'Disabilty Inclusion Training' during the semester.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Describe common types of disability in the population and associated medical complications.


Describe various models of inclusion from around the world.


Identify communication and motor learning principles applicaple for working with poeple with disabilities.


Explore ways of making physical activity more inclusive by engaging in problem based practical workshops.


Describe the physiological responses of the wheelchair athlete to exercise.


Write and execute lesson plans that include adaptations intended for the disabled participant.


Self reflect on practical experience of working with people with cognitiveand/or physical disabilities.


Identify the role of the National Disability Authority, Special Olympics, IWA and Paralympic organisations.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Theoretical knowledge will be delivered during weekly lectures while practical skills and knowledge will be developed in the exercise setting through problem based learning. Practical planning, design and instructional skills will be demonstrated during the delivery of one to one sport inclusion sessions to adults and children with intellectual and physical disabilities.

Module Assessment Strategies

Practical planning, design and instructional skills will be assessed on an on-going basis during the delivery of one to one sport inclusion sessions. The final exam will assess theoretical knowledge in the area of disability and sport inclusion.

Repeat Assessments

Normal repeat requirements will apply.

Indicative Syllabus

1.0 Types of Disability and Associated Medical Complications

1.1 Medical and Functional Classification Systems

1.2 Autism (Learning, Behavioural & Emotional Difficulties)

1.3 Sensory Disability

1.4 Down Syndrome

1.5 Cerebral Palsy

1.6 Epilepsy

1.7 Multiple Sclerosis

1.8 Muscular Dystrophy

1.9 Amputees


2.1 Inclusion Process and Models of Inclusion

2.1 Process of Inclusion – 7 Stage Process

2.2 Cincinnati Model of Inclusion

2.3 I-Triad Model

2.4 Together We Play Model

2.5 Supportive Recreation Inclusion Model

2.6 CITI Model

2.7 National Disability Authority and relevant legislation.

2.8 Special Olympic and Paralympic Participation

2.9 UFIT


3.0 Application of Motor Learning Principles

3.1 Learning Styles

3.2 Neurological Readiness

3.3 Law of Effect

3.4 Positive Reinforcement

3.5 Teaching-Learning Process

3.6 Goal Setting

3.7 Skill Transfer

3.8 Feedback


4.0 Adapting the Exercise Environment

4.1 Explore ways of adapting physical activity to include people with intellectual and/or physical disabilities.

4.2 Engage in adapted physical activity workshops.

4.3 Discuss issues surrounding the planning and delivery of a physical activity session.

4.4 Discuss communication considerations and use of appropriate language/terminology.

4.5 Identify specific modifications for coaches.


5.0 Physiology of Wheelchair Sport

5.1 Describe physiological responses.

5.2 Describe training considerations.

5.3 Describe types of training.

5.4 Identify ways of measuring exercise intensity and fitness.

5.5 Describe the role of the Irish Wheelchair Association- Sport.


6.0 Design and Deliver Adapted Physical Activity Sessions

6.1 Identify the five components of fitness

6.2 Identify the principles of training.

6.3 Conduct a needs analysis/Observation checklist.

6.4 Design modified lesson plans based on needs analysis.

6.5 Plan sessions in a progressive manner to create a programme of activity.

6.6 Reflect on programme design and implementation.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Power Point Presentation on Specific Disability Continuous Assessment Project 10 % Week 5 1
2 Self Reflective Log Book Continuous Assessment Practical Evaluation 40 % OnGoing 3,4,6,7

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Term 1,2,3,5,8

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Theory 2 Weekly 2.00
Workshop MPC Hall Practical Workshops 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2002-02-12 Inclusion Through Sports: A Guide to Enhancing Sport Experiences Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736034390 ISBN-13 9780736034395

Learn how to use sport as the common element to build an effective physical education program that includes students with and without disabilities. Inclusion Through Sports is not merely a how-to for disability sport; it presents games and activities derived from six popular disability sports that will improve appropriate services to students with disabilities and broaden and enrich your curriculum for all students. If you are a teacher with minimal or no training in adapted physical education and you're being asked to teach students with disabilities, then this book is for you!

The disability sports featured in this book are promoted through organizations that conduct national or international competitions, so students learn skills that they'll have a greater opportunity to use throughout their lifetime. Specific inclusion suggestions address the psychomotor, cognitive, and affective domains, so students with disabilities can play decision-making roles that engage them as full participants.

Whether you want to present a disability sport in its entirety or integrate selected disability sport skills into your sport units, Inclusion Through Sports shows you how. After an introductory section, you'll find two disability sports for each of three categories:

-Invasion games

-Net games

-Court games and track events

For each sport you'll find an assortment of individual, small group, and teamwork games, complete with easy-to-follow adaptation guidelines. Each game is organized by skills taught, formation, equipment, description, and extension. The games also are grouped according to functional profiles for students with low, moderate, and high ability, so you can easily tailor your class activities to the capabilities of your students.

You'll also find these helpful features:

-A handy inclusion index that enables you to quickly find a sport and identify which disability sports use the same skills from your general physical education curriculum

-228 illustrations that clearly depict the games and techniques used, including wheelchair positioning, purchasing, and maintenance

-36 student functional profiles to help you modify activities for students with low, moderate, and high ability

-Several examples of how to apply the games to the assessment and IEP (individualized education plan) process

Inclusion Through Sports helps teachers expand students' awareness of disability sports and provide rich, individualized sport experiences for all students.

Recommended Reading
2009-07-30 Inclusion in Physical Education Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736074856 ISBN-13 9780736074858

Inclusion in Physical Education is a practical, easy-to-use guide filled with inclusion strategies that focus on developing the physical and social skills and fitness of students with disabilities. And these strategies do not involve extended planning or setup time or extra equipment.

Written by Pattie Rouse, a teacher who has been working with students with disabilities since 1982, this book takes the guesswork out of including students with disabilities in general physical education. Inclusion in Physical Education is divided into chapters according to specific disabilities, thus helping you immediately find the information you need as well as the basic characteristics and expected behaviors of children with each type of disability. Rouse offers chapters on inclusion for students with these conditions:
-Autism disorder

-Limited use of limbs, requiring wheelchair use

-Intellectual disabilities

-Cerebral palsy and other orthopedic impairments

-Visual and hearing impairments
Also included are chapters on the importance of inclusion (and the importance of paraeducators and peer facilitators in the process of inclusion), on differentiating instruction to include students with disabilities in general physical education, and on using adapted games to teach students empathy for their peers with disabilities. These games provide opportunities for all students to be equal and to be more understanding of and receptive toward others' differences.

Written from Rouse's own experience and based on feedback from students with disabilities, this book is a guide that you can immediately put to use in including students with disabilities or delayed motor skills and can continue to use throughout your career as an educator. The book helps you set realistic goals for students with disabilities and correlates with many objectives found in the national physical education standards.

With Inclusion in Physical Education, you can include students with any disability in your curriculum. The book's ready-to-use resources will help you confidently create a program that benefits all students.

Recommended Reading
2013-10-15 Physical Education for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Approach Human Kinetics
ISBN 1450419739 ISBN-13 9781450419734

Current estimates are that 1 out of 88 children will be diagnosed with some form of autism. Planning a curriculum that includes all students, including those with ASD, can be a challenging task but well worth the effort. This book identifies strategies that highlight students skills, interests, and abilities though collaborative practices, environmental design, and assistive technologies.

Physical Education for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Approach

introduces the inclusion spectrum as a tool to help teachers analyze appropriate instruction for students, aligning abilities with curriculum and activity context;

provides information on tools such as scripts, video modeling, social stories, and choice boards to assist teachers in developing programs;

presents a variety of activities that teachers can choose from to help students with ASD develop social and motor skills; and

assimilates best practices from general and adapted PE as well as autism training and research that offer solutions for increased student engagement in physical education.

Written by contributors with extensive experience in developing inclusive programming for students with ASD, Physical Education for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Approach is ideal for physical education and adapted physical education courses across the K-12 curriculum.

Part I provides an understanding of students with ASD that offers insights from parents and teachers perspectives. From there, the authors examine the application of the inclusion spectrum that helps teachers plan for appropriate instruction. Readers will also find communication and social learning tools they can use to minimize the stress students may experience while optimizing learning experiences. Assessment protocols assist with the development of relevant IEP goals and objectives. Part II contains individualized and group games and activities that enhance lifelong learning for students with ASD.

Physical Education for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Approach is a practical resource that helps teachers design optimal plans for including students with ASD in general and adapted physical education classes. The manual contains numerous strategies, tools, and resources that assist teachers with individualizing instruction in ways that foster positive peer relationships as well as development of social and motor skills. Its a win-win situation for allteachers, parents, and most of all the students.

Recommended Reading
2008-12-06 Disability and Youth Sport (Routledge Studies in Physical Education and Youth Sport) Routledge
ISBN 0415423538 ISBN-13 9780415423533

How can or does youth sport reconcile what seems to be a fundamental contradiction between understandings of sport and disability? Has youth sport been challenged in anyway? Have alternative views of sport for disabled people been presented? Examining some of the latest research, this book considers the relationship between sport and disability by exploring a range of questions such as these.

Disability and Youth Sport further challenges current thinking and therefore serves to stimulate progressive debate in this area. Drawing on a breadth of literature from sports pedagogy, sociology of sport, disability studies, inclusive education, and adapted physical activity, a socially critical dialogue is developed where the voices of young disabled people are central. Topics covered include:


  • researching disability and youth sport

  • inclusion policy towards physical education and youth sport

  • constructions of disability through youth sport

  • the voices of young disabled people

  • the historical context of disability sport


With its comprehensive coverage and expert contributors from around the globe, this book is an ideal text for students at all levels with an interest in youth sport, disability studies, or sport policy.

Recommended Reading
2010-11-23 Teaching Disability Sport-2nd Edition: A Guide for Physical Educators Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736082581 ISBN-13 9780736082587

This new edition of Teaching Disability Sport: A Guide for Physical Educators is loaded with five new chapters, more than 200 games and skills, and everything that future and current teachers need to plan and implement sport skill-related lessons in an inclusive physical education program.

Published in its first edition as Inclusion Through Sports, this rendition places greater emphasis on preparing future physical education teachers to use disability sport in their programs. It offers instruction on the various aspects of disability sport, how to teach it, and how to improve programming for students, regardless of ability or disability.

This new edition includes the following features:

A DVD that contains video clips of activities as well as assessment forms and other reproducible forms

Templates for and guidance in creating individualized education programs (IEPs), lesson plans, assessments, and unit plans

One new sport chapter (on boccia)

Four new chapters discussing how to use the achievement-based curriculum (ABC) model to integrate disability sport into physical education classes

This book and DVD package is the ideal resource for physical education teachers who want to incorporate inclusive sport skill instruction through sports traditionally identified with disability sport programs. The sports featured in this book are wheelchair basketball, wheelchair indoor soccer, sitting volleyball, wheelchair tennis, goalball, slalom, and boccia. The games are organized by skill, so teachers can select games based on the skills they want to teach. The skills for each sport are task analyzed to help teachers address the needs of students with disabilities. Teachers will learn how to make psychomotor modifications to games to include students with and without disabilities; teachers will also learn how to involve all students in making decisions about the modifications.

The books ABC model guides readers through the stages of program planning, implementation planning, teaching, assessment, and evaluating. Readers are also shown how to use IEPs and develop goals and objectives for lesson plans.

In addition, Teaching Disability Sport provides instruction on wheelchair selection and fitting, equipment concerns, and Web addresses for adapted sports and activities. And an inclusion index makes selecting the right sports and games easy.

The 200+ games and activities are cross-referenced to functional profiles (low, medium, high) of students with disabilities. Teachers have the choice of which disability sports to implement and to what level. With Teaching Disability Sport, kids both with and without disabilities win!

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources



URL Resources

Thematic Network of Adapted Physical Activity: www.kuleuven.ac.be/thenapa

Mayo Clinic: www.mayoclinic.com

CARA Adapted Physical Activity http://www.caraapacentre.ie/

UFIT http://www.justdoufit.com/

Additional Information