SPOR06037 2016 Gym Instruction

General Details

Full Title
Gym Instruction
Transcript Title
Gym Instruction
75 %
Subject Area
SPOR - Sport/Rec/Leisure
MKTS - Marketing, Tourism & Sport
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Shirley McKenna
Programme Membership
SG_BAPPL_C06 201600 Higher Certificate in Business in Applied Sport SG_BAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Applied Sport with Business SG_BSPOR_H08 201900 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Sport with Business

This module aims to provide students with the necessary skills and knowledge to operate effectively at EQF Level 3 Fitness  Instructor level within the health and fitness industry. This module leads to European Health Fitness Association (EHFA)/REPS Ireland accreditation in Fitness Instruction.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Describe the inherent health and safety risks in the strength and conditioning space.


Demonstrate effective planning, instructional and customer care skills.


Instruct a range of isolated and compound, fixed and fee weight exercises.


Design basic programmes for general strength and endurance gain.


Examine major muscle groups and mechanism of muscle contraction.


Discuss the application of the fitness training principles in relation strength development.


Describe the acute and chronic adaptations of muscle to resistance training.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module involves a blend of theoretical lectures, experiential and problem based learning. Practical participation and application of skills and knowledge forms the foundation of this module.

Module Assessment Strategies

Both formative and summative assessment allows the learner to develop a sense of progress along the learning curve. Peer assessment of practical performance will form an integral part of the ongoing formative assessment process.The aim of assessment is to ensure that the learner achieves competency in both theoretical knowledge and practical skills to enable them to function effectively at EQF Level 3 in a strength and conditioning environment.

Repeat Assessments

The following criteria must be met by the student to achieve the EQF Level 3 Fitness Instructor award;

  1. The student must pass the terminal exam
  2. The student must pass the practical exam
  • If the student has passed the practical component but has failed the final exam, the student may sit a 'Qualifying Exam' in the autumn.
  • The practical exam will only be re-scheduled for medically certified students.
  • A written project will be set in place of a practical exam for non medically certified students. The student in this scenario will not be eligible for external accreditation.

Module Dependencies

SPOR06038 201600 Health and Fitness

Indicative Syllabus

1.0 Health & Safety

1.1 Identify Health & Safety legislation relevant to the strength and conditioning environment.

1.2 Identify the risk assessment process.

1.3 Conduct a warm up relevant to resistance training.

1.4 Identify common errors made by novice lifters.

1.5 Describe the link between poor lifting technique and injury.

1.6 Explain the concerns surrounding children and resistance training.

1.7 Identify the procedure for dealing with emergencies and calling outside emergency services.

1.8  Identify the “ EHFA Health Fitness Code of Ethics” or national standards and guidelines with reference to: Competence,

      Confidentiality, Safety specific to Ireland.  


2.0 Planning Process

2.1 Discuss professionalism and REPs Ireland Code of Practice.

2.2 Identify resistance training terminology.

2.3 Identify different types of strength training.

2.4 Develop lesson plans for teaching exercises.

2.5 Design a base strength workout (within an 8 week general strength programme).


3.0  Practical Weights Instruction

3.1 Demonstrare the skills of effective customer care: Communication, Body language, Negotiation.

3.2 Demonstrate the skills of an effective fitness instructor and be able to; 

  • Name the exercise.
  • Name the general area of the body.
  • Name the muscle (prime mover).
  • Perform a silent demonstration of the exercise.
  • Explain the demonstration.
  • Teach into position giving key teaching points.
  • Change of teaching position.
  • Provide individual feedback / questioning; individual correction / adaptation

3.3 Identify Isolated and Compound Resistance Exercises

3.4 Practice correct technique for resistance machine lifts (Including warm up) to include:

  1. Leg press
  2. Bench Press
  3. Leg extension
  4. Leg curl
  5. Seated shoulder press
  6. Seated pulley row:
  7. Biceps curl
  8. Upright row
  9. Triceps pushdown
  10. Pulldown to the chest
  11. Pec dec
  12. Hip abduction/adduction
  • Consider the following:The variables appropriate to each machine [seat height, point of pivot]. • The primary and secondary (where relevant) muscle groups involved in each of the above exercises. • Whether exercise is a multiple or single joint exercise and the suitability of each for beginner clients. • The various types of
  • Note: Alternative exercise may be demonstrated where the facility does not have specific resistance machines.

3.5 Free Weights (Standing) & Exercise Technique • Correct lifting technique for standing free weight lifts, to include:

  1. Dead lift: Upright row (Narrow Grip & Wide Grip)
  2. Bicep curl: Dumbbell lateral raise
  3. Back squat Front Squat
  4. Leg Lunge
  5. Shoulder press
  6. Dumbbell curl
  • Consideration should be given to; Correct body alignment and weight distribution through the concentric (positive) and eccentric (negative) phase of each exercise. • The primary and secondary (where relevant) muscle groups involved in each of the above • Identify activities that promote awareness of: Posture, Alignment, control of static and dynamic movement, full ROM.

 3.6 Free Weights (Bench) Including Spotting and correct lifting technique for bench free weight lifts, to include:

  1. Bench press (Flat/Incline)
  2. Lying triceps extension
  3. Single arm row
  4. Bent arm pull over
  5. Supine dumbbell flyes (Flat/Incline)
  6. Dumbbell chest press
  7. Dumbbell prone flyes or Prone row.
  • Consideration should be given to; Safe and effective spotting techniques. and the various adaptations required to allow for individual differences.

 3.7 Core Stabilising Exercises

  • Use Body Resistance Exercises and BOSU Ball to engage the core muscles.
  • Identify the role of rectus abdominus, external obliques and errector spinae, transverse abdominis, internal obliques, multifidus, hip flexors, llipsoas).


4.0 Muscles and Muscle Actions

4.1 Voluntary, involuntary and cardiac muscles.

4.2 The basic structure of muscles including: muscle fibres, actin & myosin, their role in muscle contraction, connective tissue.

4.3 Muscle fibre types (red, white, slow, fast, intermediate, fast, oxidative, glycolitic).

4.4 Identify how fibres are recruited in muscle contraction (all or none theory).

4.5 Identify the principles of muscle contraction, for example: Muscles cross joints; Muscles only pull; Contraction along the line of fibres; Working in pairs Concentric/Eccentric/Isometric (Static), Prime mover, Antagonist and Fixators.

4.6 Identifythe major muscle groups of the body (points of origin & insertion).

4.7 Identify the joints crossed by muscle groups.

4.8 Describe the principle of paired muscle actions.

4.9 Describe joint actions brought about by specific muscle group contractions.

4.10 Identify planes of movement, joint movement and levers of the body.


5.0 Muscular Strength & Endurance Continuum

5.1 Describe basic principles of resistance training and exercise prescription.

5.2 Describe the benefits of MSE training in relation to health related fitness.

5.3 Identify the difference between isotonic and isometric work and their relationship to health related fitness.

5.4 Discuss the application of other principles of training to muscular strength & muscular endurance.

5.5 Discuss the need for the whole body approach in health related fitness.

5.6 Identify the physiological adaptations that occur with MSE training.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Design a Base Strength Workout Continuous Assessment Assignment 10 % Week 6 4,6
2 Weights Instruction Continuous Assessment Performance Evaluation 40 % End of Term 1,2,3

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Term 1,5,6,7

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Lecture Theatre Theoretical Knowledge 2 Weekly 2.00
Practical MPC GYM Practrical Resistance Training 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent Learning 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2006-12-04 Resistance Training Instruction - 2nd Edition Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736064036 ISBN-13 9780736064033

Ensure optimal results for your clients with the most efficient training and teaching techniques for resistance exercise. Covering all the major muscle groups, Resistance Training Instruction provides all the tools to improve the function, performance, and appearance of your clients.

Detailed illustrations combined with expert technical guidance demonstrate how to target specific muscles as well as the most efficient alignment, positioning, and lifting technique for each exercise. In addition, you will learn how and when to vary intensity, volume, recovery, and exercise sequencing to customize any routine.

Organized by movement function, emphasizing the connection between technique and results, each exercise provides the following:

-Step-by-step instructions for setup and technique

-Guidance on monitoring, cueing, spotting, and coaching clients for the safest, most effective training

-Full-color anatomical illustrations that depict muscle use throughout each exercise

With sample periodized programs, Resistance Training Instruction demonstrates how to develop base strength, improve whole-body fitness, and design advanced split routines by selecting, combining, and sequencing the best exercises for each client.

Used by the renowned Cooper Institute for Aerobic Research to certify personal trainers, Resistance Training Instruction makes it easy to achieve maximum gains for all of your clients.

Recommended Reading
2013-03-14 The Fitness Instructor's Handbook: A Complete Guide to Health and Fitness (Fitness Professionals) Bloomsbury Sport
ISBN 1408178265 ISBN-13 9781408178263

The Fitness Instructor's Handbook is the essential guide for anyone working in, or wishing to enter, the fitness industry. This new second edition has been fully updated and covers every component of the industry standards for both Level 2 and 3 qualification, and offers the perfect blend of theory and practice on every aspect of health and fitness. Clear, concise and accessible, the content is organised with the specific needs of student and newly qualified fitness professionals in mind - it covers every aspect of the theory needed to work as a fitness instructor, and places it in a practical context. Topics covered include: the skeletal system muscles and tendons the energy system circulation and respiration components of fitness safety issues customer service screening clients planning and programme design exercise evaluation. Packed full of illustrations, case studies, revision questions and sample programmes, The Fitness Instructor's Handbook is the ideal book for both those new to the industry and experienced trainers.

Recommended Reading
2007-10-31 Anatomy of Exercise A & C Black Publishers Ltd
ISBN 0713687215 ISBN-13 9780713687217
Recommended Reading
2014-02-24 Exercise Physiology: Nutrition, Energy, and Human Performance LWW
ISBN 1451191553 ISBN-13 9781451191554

Setting the standard for more than 30 years, Exercise Physiology has helped more than 350,000 students build a solid foundation in the scientific principles underlying modern exercise physiology. This Eighth Edition is updated with the latest research in the field to give you easy-to-understand, up-to-date coverage of how nutrition, energy transfer, and exercise training affect human performance. 
  • Get quick access to the resources available to help you master each section of the text with Ancillaries at a Glance.
  • Maximize your study time with the books vibrant, magazine style design that makes the content more engaging and accessible and key information easier to find.
  • Reinforce your understanding with Chapter Objectives, Integrative Questions that pose open-ended questions for reflection on complex concepts, and FYI sections that offer good to know information.
  • Gain an understanding of how researchers contribute to our knowledge of exercise physiology through engaging section-opening interviews with key figures in the field.
  • Learn how theoretical concepts relate to practical skills through In a Practical Sense features.
  • Access the most relevant current information in the field through figures and tables that clarify important concepts and information.
  • Gain an understanding of the past, present, and future of the profession through coverage of important milestones and future directions in the field.
Visit the free companion website for anywhere, anytime access to over 30 animations of key exercise physiology concepts, the books complete list of references, and more.

Module Resources