SPOR06022 2016 Exercise and Health Psychology

General Details

Full Title
Exercise and Health Psychology
Transcript Title
Exercise and Health Psychology
N/A %
Subject Area
SPOR - Sport/Rec/Leisure
MKTS - Marketing, Tourism & Sport
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Kerry Larkin
Programme Membership
SG_BAPPL_C06 201600 Higher Certificate in Business in Applied Sport SG_BAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Applied Sport with Business SG_BSPOR_H08 201900 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Sport with Business

This subject aims:

  • To increase the students understanding of how psychological factors influence involvement and performance in sport, exercise, and health programs.
  • To increase the students understanding of how participation in sport, exercise, and health programs influence the psychological makeup of the individuals involved
  • To help the student acquire skills and knowledge about exercise and health psychology so that they can apply the theories to the fields of coaching, teaching, or exercise leading.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Develop a comprehensive mental skills program (MSP) that can form the backdrop for consulting with individual athletes, teams and/or coaches in the area of performance enhancement.


Compile a list of resources to recommend to interested coaches, athletes/clients and other sport psychology consultants.


Evaluate an athlete/client volunteer's mental skills (strengths and weaknesses) and provide recommendations for developing a MST program.


Understand how thoughts, values, and beliefs influence an individual's participation and performance in sport.


Develop or clarify a coaching/teacher philosophy and understand how this philosophy affects the coach's/teacher's ability to implement psychological skills training.


Understand how to design and implement a Psychological Skills Training program for clients and athletes.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Fundamental concepts are introduced and illustrated through lectures. The understanding of students is tested and further enhanced through student centred learning exercises and interactive tutorial sessions.

Module Assessment Strategies

Mental Skills Program Training (MST) logbook.

This assignment is designed to provide students with an opportunity to apply the knowledge of psychological skills they have learned in class and create their own teaching methods. Throughout the term students will develop a MST protocol for each mental skill we discuss in class. By the end of the semester they will have a notebook with written document explaining how to teach mental skills to their athletes and exercise practicioners. Each student needs to select a specific population (e.g., individual or group, age level, sport or exercise setting-marital arts, rehabilitation, home-based, team or individual activity-competitive level...). Students must work with other class members to ensure that a variety of activities and populations are represented. Details concerning this assignment will supplied by the lecturer. 20%

The Lecturer will choose from the following two continual assessment projects, both projects assess the learning outcomes relevant to this subject

2. Program Revision.

Each student will identify an existing sport, exercise, or physical activity program in the community. The student is responsible for modifying or revising the program design to incorporate concepts and theories discussed in class. Completion of this assignment will require that each student partner with a program leader or administrator. The program revision should be negotiated with the program leader. Students must also implement and evaluate at least three of their program revision strategies. Students will be expected to document the strategy implementation and prepare a written evaluation (Logbook) of its effectiveness. 20%

2.1 Alternative Project

Client Interview/Consultation.

Students will interview an athlete/client volunteer for the purpose of conducting a mental skills needs assessment. Based on your evaluation you will recommend a MST program and outline a proposal for an evaluation research project to determine the effectiveness of the program. Each student will present there work at a selected date. 20%

Repeat Assessments

  • Students must receive a minimum grade of 40% in all assessed components to pass the module.
  • Failed components will be repeated.

Indicative Syllabus

Health Behaviour and Prevention Issues                                                                    

  • Describe health-enhancing Behaviours:  Diet, Exercise, and Weight control 
  • Identify health-compromising Behaviours:  Smoking and drinking  
  • Compare health Behaviour models

Motivation and self-confidence                                                                                 

  • Appraise motivation theory
  • Identify strategies for developing self-confidence
  • Analyse gender and self-confidence
  • Describe strategies used in the recovery from injury
  • Describe the attributional model in competitive and non competitive situations

 Psychological considerations for youth in sport and exercise                                 

  • Describe theoretical perspectives on youth sport participation
  • Psychological readiness
  • Explain how to enhance children's sport experiences
  • Discuss coach and peer influence
  • Describe models of burnout
  • Identify symptoms and interventions for burnout       

Promoting physical activity involvement                                                     

  • Create individual level intervention strategies
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of individual interventions and group level interventions
  • Describe theoretical foundation for group endeavours in physical activity settings
  • Identify community level intervention strategies
  • Create recommendations for community programs


  • Identify the major principles
  • Describe the stress process
  • Recognise the nature of anxiety
  • Identify the sources of stress
  • Describe the consequences of Stress
  • Describe somatic stress management
  • Describe progressive muscle relaxation
  • Describe breathing
  • Describe biofeedback
  • Describe cognitive Stress Management
  • Describe negative thought Stopping
  • Describe cognitive restructuring
  • Describe self-hypnosis

 Components of MSP Program                                                                                  

  • Describe and practice education
  • Describe and practice pre-assessment
  • Describe and practice skills acquisition
  • Describe and practice periodic and post-assessment
  • Describe and practice adherence to program

Concentration and Imagery                                                                         

  • Identify the major principles and definitions
  • Describe the dimensions of attention
  • Describe concentration training
  • Practice imagery Routines and Exercises
  • Describe dimensions of imagery

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Psychology Journal Continuous Assessment Written Report 25 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
2 Written Report MST/Programme Revision Continuous Assessment Written Report 25 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Theory Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Semester 1,2,3,4,5,6,7

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Lecture Theatre Theory 2 Weekly 2.00
Problem Based Learning Flat Classroom Practical Work 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2014-02-19 Psychology of Health and Fitness: Applications for Behavior Change (Foundations of Exercise Science) F.A. Davis Company
ISBN 0803628277 ISBN-13 9780803628274

Apply the science of health and fitness psychology to your practice!

Learn how to apply the psychology of health and fitness to your exercise programs and to solve the motivational and behavioral problems youll encounter every day in practice. Youll explore the scientific principles and variables that influence behavior as you develop the confidence to design effective lifestyle interventions for disease prevention and develop individualized exercise programs that promote optimal health.

Recommended Reading
2015-09-01 Foundations of Exercise Psychology Fitness Information Technology
ISBN 1935412582 ISBN-13 9781935412588

The world-renowned authorship team of Bonnie G. Berger and Robert S. Weinberg welcome fellow highly esteemed scholar Robert C. Eklund to this third update of one of the fundamental texts on exercise psychology. In this new edition, the authors expand upon the key concepts and models of the field, focusing on the interrelationships between exercise and psychology. Students moving toward the exercise professions will gain a solid background in key issues surrounding exercise and health and make great strides forward in becoming competent and compassionate practitioners.

Recommended Reading
2014-05-20 The Psychology of Exercise: Integrating Theory and Practice Holcomb Hathaway, Publishers
ISBN 1621590062 ISBN-13 9781621590064

The Psychology of Exercise: Integrating Theory and Practice, fourth edition, continues to weave together theory, research, application, and interventions to provide readers with a solid foundation in exercise psychology. In this comprehensive, accessible, book, the authors apply prominent theories and models to actual situations encountered professionally. Compelling graphs, models, other visuals, and effective pedagogical aids further enhance the material.

The chapters in Part I help readers understand and modify exercise behavior, while those in Part II discuss psychosocial influences and the consequences of physical activity. Among the topics explored are the impact of exercise on self-perceptions, including self-esteem and body image; stress, anxiety, and depression; and emotional well-being. Chapters on the relationship between physical activity and cognitive function as well as health-related quality of life offer the latest information on these areas of study.

Features of the fourth edition include a new streamlined chapter on self-perceptions and exercise, which combines previous chapters on self-esteem and body image; a refocused chapter on health-related quality of life and exercise, to include more emphasis on special populations and demonstrate how exercise can benefit those who have chronic diseases, chronic disabilities, or physical limitations; and discussions throughout on mobile devices, apps, social media, and high-tech point-of-decision and how these technologies can be used for tracking and measuring physical activity and for offering social support.

Recommended Reading
2011-03-30 Sport Psychology: Concepts and Applications McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN 0078022479 ISBN-13 9780078022470

Sport Psychology: Concepts and Applications shows how concepts supported by current scientific research can be used to address issues and situations encountered everyday by physical activity specialists, coaches, athletic trainers, and athletes.

This introduction to sport and exercise psychology addresses practical issues, such as dealing with anxiety, arousal, and stress; developing coping, relaxation, motivation, and energizing strategies; understanding the effects of an audience on human performance; building team cohesion; and preventing burnout and other negative effects.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Recommended  Reading






Inside Sport Psychology

Costas Karageorghis and Peter Terry

Human Kinetics; 1 edition


Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance

Jean Williams

McGraw-Hill Humanities


Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Robert Weinberg & Daniel Gould

Human Kinetics


The Psychology of Physical activity

Carron, A. V., Hausenblas, H. A., & Estabrooks, P. A.


New York: McGraw-Hill.



Sport psychology: Concepts and applications (5th ed.).

Cox, R. H.


New York: McGraw-Hill.




Advances in Motivation in Sport and Exercise,

Roberts, G. C.,

Champaign, Human Kinetics,


Other Resources


Additional Information