SAFE07044 2019 Hazard and risk management

General Details

Full Title
Hazard and risk management
Transcript Title
Hazard and risk management
N/A %
Subject Area
SAFE - Safety Studies
ESCI - Environmental Science
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Edel Costello, Rachel Nugent
Programme Membership
SG_SOCCU_B07 201900 Bachelor of Science in Science in Occupational Safety and Health SG_SOCCU_H08 201900 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Science in Occupational Safety and Health SG_SOCCU_J07 201900 Level 7 Add-on Award in Science in Occupational Safety and Health SG_SOCCU_B07 201900 Level 7 Embedded Award in Science in Occupational Safety and Health

This module addresses societal and organisational risk management issues and organisational characteristics necessary for controlling risk.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Explain the role and benefits of Risk Management in the achievement of business excellence and within the wider socio-economic context.


Discuss essential elements of the risk management process.


Examine risk assessment methodology.


Recognise and examine the influence of individual and group preferences on risk perception, risk awareness and risk acceptance.


Explain organisational culture and characteristics relevant to safety culture and safety climate.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered full-time. 

The students will be exposed to a blend of learning activities independent learning and directed learning. Students will be required to work independently and in groups but will be assessed individually. This approach is expected to address various student learning needs. Moodle will be used to upload educational material (e.g. powerpoint presentations, case studies, and supplementary reading material) and as a means of assessment (e.g. quizzes, uploading assignments and journals).

Module Assessment Strategies

Ongoing assessment of understanding and acquisition of knowledge will take place during lectures using discussion and questions and answers - formative feedback occurs at this time.

An assignment on workplace risk management issues will be completed  - summative feedback will be given

The final exam allows students to demonstrate their knowledge of societal and organisational risk management issues and organisational characteristics necessary for controlling risk.

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessments and/or Final Exam

Module Dependencies


Indicative Syllabus

1. Explain the role and benefits of Risk Management in the achievement of business excellence and within the wider socio-economic context.

  • Best Practice Risk Management  - Corporate Social Responsibility - Strategic & Operational Risk.

2. Discuss the essential elements of the risk management process.

  • Regulation of Risk - Societal & Organisational - Tolerability of Risk - Unacceptable - Tolerable - Acceptable

3. Examine risk assessment methodology.

  • Good practice and pitfalls in risk assessment.
  • Accident investigation, expert witness & attendance in court

4. Recognise and examine the influence of individual and group preferences on risk perception, risk awareness and risk acceptance.

  • Risk perception, risk awareness and risk taking.
  • Perception theories, motivation, behaviour - influences groups & individuals

5. Explain organisational culture and characteristics relevant to safety culture and safety climate.

  • Work psychology
  • Safety culture 
  • Organisational characteristics necessary for control.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
30 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
70 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 In class discussion, questions & answers Formative Performance Evaluation - % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5
2 CA 1 Continuous Assessment Assignment 30 % Week 5 2

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Final Exam UNKNOWN 70 % End of Term 1,3,4,5

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Lecture 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Self Study 5 Weekly 5.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 2.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2004 Health and Safety Management Pearson Education
ISBN 0273684825 ISBN-13 9780273684824

"The frequently neglected field of health and safety management, the responsibility of many but understood by few, is well served by this comprehensive and well written book. It is, above all, highly informative and a 'must have' for senior practitioners and managers alike." John Barrell, OBE TD, formerly Chief Executive, The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health "This is a text for life. A comprehensive work that uniquely integrates occupational health and safety firmly into the international business management environment.... Undoubtedly it will also become a standard text for those embarking upon post graduate study in both occupational health and safety, and business management." Trevor Cooke, Faculty of Business & Law, Staffordshire University With increasing stakeholder interest in health and safety management, the onus is being put on organisations to anticipate and manage health and safety risks. This important new book considers health and safety management as an equal partner to other strategic business risks. Concepts of risk and models of risk management supply the context for the management of health and safety in a range of sectors. By applying the principles of business risk management to health and safety, the authors develop crucial best practice approaches that are applicable on a global platform, irrespective of local legislation. Key features: The underlying principles of health and safety management, such as risk management, risk perception, risk communication, behaviour, human error, economics and cost benefit analysis is explored. Using international and national approaches, ?best practice? techniques are presented to help managers develop and implement health and safety management systems in their own organisations. The roles of risk assessment, risk control, training, performance measurement, auditing, benchmarking and continuous improvement in health and safety management are analysed to provide an integrated and effective management system. Examples are drawn from a range of industrial, commercial and public sector organisations. Contemporary views on the social responsibilities of both the organisation and the individual to manage health and safety are featured in order to stimulate further debate and look to the future direction of health and safety management. Dr Colin Fuller and Dr Luise Vassie present the MSc in Health and Safety Management at the University of Leicester.

Required Reading
1991-08-27 Leadership in Safety Management Wiley-Interscience
ISBN UOM:49015001434837

Safe behavior in the workplace is the responsiblity of both employer and employee. Efficient and effective managerial behavior patterns through which safety excellence can be achieved are layed out. Examples of organizational structures that facilitate practicing these behavior patterns are offered. Readers learn how to modify behavior in ways that lead to increasingly safe behavior on the job. By presenting tested pragmatic procedures and management practices that work, it provides a framework by which any individual can demonstrate the leadership skills needed to achieve greater safety consciousness in the workplace.

Required Reading
2015-06-17 Occupational Health and Safety Management CRC Press
ISBN 9781482231342 ISBN-13 1482231344

Reflecting changes in the current health and safety landscape, Occupational Health and Safety Management: A Practical Approach, Third Edition includes examples and tools to facilitate development and implementation of a safety and health management approach. This how-to book is not just an information providing text. It shows you how to write a program and identify hazards as well as involve workers and attain their cooperation. It emphasizes the need for better and more effective communication regarding safety and health. See Whats New in the Third Edition: Chapters on workers compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety/sustainability Additional coverage of flammable liquids and ventilation, accident reporting, and accident investigation New compliance requirements as well as expanded accident investigation, environmental, and risk analysis guidelines PowerPoint presentation slides for each chapter A complete and practical guide for the development and management of occupational safety and health programs in any industry setting, the book supplies a management blueprint that can be used for occupational safety and health in any organization, from the smallest to the largest, beginning to develop or wanting to improve its safety and health approach. It includes comprehensive guidelines for development of occupational health and safety programs to a variety of industries and is especially useful for start-up companies. The author takes a total management approach to the development of written programs, the identification of hazards, the mitigation of hazards by the use of common safety and health tools, the development of a safe workforce through communications, motivational techniques, involvement, and training. He addresses the tracking and acceptable risk from both safety and health hazards. He also discusses how to work with and within the OSHA compliance approach as well as how to deal with the OSHA regulations, workers compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety. As you understand and apply the guidelines in each chapter, you can put your company on the way toward building a successful and effective safety and health effort for its employers and employees.

Required Reading
2017-05-15 Safety Culture: Theory, Method and Improvement CRC Press
ISBN 9781317059851 ISBN-13 1317059859

The aim of this book is to show how a cultural approach can contribute to the assessment, description and improvement of safety conditions in organizations. The relationship between organizational culture and safety, epitomized through the concept of 'safety culture', has undoubtedly become one of the hottest topics of both safety research and practical efforts to improve safety. By combining a general framework and five research projects, the author explores and further develops the theoretical, methodological and practical basis of the study of safety culture. What are the theoretical foundations of a cultural approach to safety? How can the relationship between organizational culture and safety be empirically investigated? What are the links between organizational culture and safety in actual organizations? How can a cultural approach contribute to the improvement of safety? These are the key questions the book seeks to answer with a unified and in-depth account of the concept of safety culture.

Required Reading
2013-01-10 Steps to Safety Culture Excellence John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9781118530245 ISBN-13 1118530241

Provides a clear road map to instilling a culture of safety excellence in any organization Did you know that accidental injury is among the top ten leading causes of death in every age group? With this book as your guide, you'll learn how to help your organization develop, implement, and sustain Safety Culture Excellence, vital for the protection of and improvement in the quality of life for everyone who works there. STEPS to Safety Culture Excellence is based on the authors' firsthand experience working with international organizations in every major industry that have successfully developed and implemented ongoing cultures of safety excellence. Whether your organization is a small regional firm or a large multinational corporation, you'll find that the STEPS process enables you to instill Safety Culture Excellence within your organization. STEPS (Strategic Targets for Excellent Performance in Safety) demystifies the process of developing Safety Culture Excellence by breaking it down into small logical, internally led tasks. You'll be guided through a sequence of STEPS that makes it possible to: Create a culture of excellence that is reinforced and empowered at every level Develop the capability within the culture to identify, prioritize, and solve safety problems and challenges Maintain and continuously improve the performance of your organization's safety culture Although this book is dedicated to safety, the tested and proven STEPS process can be used to promote excellence in any aspect of organizational performance. By optimizing the safety culture in your organization, you will give the people you work with the skills and knowledge to not only minimize the risk of an on-the-job accident, but also to lead safe, healthy lives outside of work.

Required Reading
1994-04-28 The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior Elsevier
ISBN 0080867618 ISBN-13 9780080867618

This book aims to help the reader to understand what motivates people to engage in risk taking behavior, such as participating in traffic, sports, financial investments, or courtship. The consequences of risk taking may be positive, or result in accidents and injuries, especially in traffic. The wealth of studies and theories (about 1000 references) is used to offer a cohesive, holistic view of risk motivation. The risk motivation theory is a dynamic state-trait model incorporating physiological, emotional and cognitive components of risk perception, processing and planning. If a deficit exists between desired and perceived risk, risk compensation behavior results. A feedback loop provides new information for the next perception-motivation-behavior process. Assumptions were tested and support was found with 120 subjects in a longitudinal study. The concepts and findings are discussed in relation to psychological theories and their meaning for our daily lives.

Recommended Reading
2012-11-12 Workplace Safety Routledge
ISBN 9781136615009 ISBN-13 1136615008

Do all you can to minimize dangerous behaviors to benefit communities, employees, and organizations! Safety is a real world problem that community psychologists, industrial/organizational psychologists, industrial hygenists, human resources professionals, and corporate insurance groups must deal with on a day-to-day basis. In Workplace Safety: Individual Differences in Behavior you will examine safety behavior and discover practical interventions to help increase the safety awareness of the people in your life. This book takes a look at ways of defining and measuring safety as well as a variety of individual differences like gender, job knowledge, conscientiousness, self-efficacy, risk avoidance, and stress tolerance that are important in creating safety interventions and improving the selection and training of employees. Workplace safety is of prime importance in today's increasingly litigious society. It has been estimated that each year in the United States, there are 100,000 work-related accident or disease fatalities, 400,000 workers who become disabled, and 6 million workplace injuries. Of equal importance are driver safety and safety hazards in public spaces such as malls and individual stores. Workplace Safety: Individual Differences in Behavior examines: the importance of measurement in understanding worker abilities and defining safety behaviors the often-neglected issue of gender differences in safety definitions and research the relationship between personality variables, job, knowledge, and accident involvement the five-factor personality model for predicting safety behavior a model of safety consciousness types of safety hazards in public spaces monetary costs of accidents in malls and stores a practitioner's perspective on individual differences in safety behavior Workplace Safety: Individual Differences in Behavior takes an incisive look at these issues with a unique focus on the way individual differences in people impact safety behavior in the real world.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

AS/NZS 4360:2004 - Australian / New Zealand Standard Risk Management, Standards Australia International Ltd., GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001 and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020.

HB 436: 2004 Risk Management Guidelines - Companion to AS/NZS 4360:2004.

Standards Australia International Ltd., GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001 and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020.

Local Authority Risk, 2005, Excellence in Governance Through Best Practice Risk Management - Irish Public Bodies Mutual Insurance Ltd., 12-14 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2.

British Standard 8800: 2004 Occupational Health and Safety Management Annex E Guidance on Risk Assessment and Control.

Yates, D.W., 2010, Safety Professional's Refertence & Study Guide, CRC Press

Smith, G.W., 2011, Management Obligations for Health & Safety, CRC Press

Schneid, T.D., 2007, Corporate Safety Compliance: OSHA, Ethics, and the Law, CRC Press

Karch, B.K., 2007, Workplace Drug Testing, CRC Press

Broder, J.F., 2006, Risk Analysis, 3rd ed., Butterworth-Heinemann.

Glendon, A.I., Clarke, S.G., McKenna, E., 2006, Human Safety & Risk Management, Boca Raton CRC/Taylor & Francis.

Flin, R., O'Connor, P., Crichton, M., 2008, Safety at the Sharp End, London, Butterworth-Heinemann.

Bishoff, H.J., 2008, Risks in Modern Society Vol 13, London, Springer.

Murray-Webster, R., Hillson, D., 2008, Managing Group Risk Attitude, Gower Publishing Ltd.

Brown, C.S., 2005, The Sustainable Enterprise: profiting from best practice , London, Kogan Page. 

Dekker, S., 2007, Just Culture Balancing Safety & Accountability, Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Patanker, M.S., Brown, J., Treadwell, M.D., 2005, Safety Ethics, Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Garlick, A., 2007, Estimating Risk A Management Approach, Gower Publishing.

Strater , O., 2005, Cognition and Safety, Ashgate Publishing Ltd..

Maguire, R., 2006, Safety Cases and Safety Reports, Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Garlick, A., 2007, Estimating Risk A Management Approach, Gower Publishing Ltd.

Journal Resources


URL Resources


Other Resources


Additional Information