SAFE06041 2019 Physical and Chemical Safety

General Details

Full Title
Physical and Chemical Safety
Transcript Title
Physical and Chemical Safety
N/A %
Subject Area
SAFE - Safety Studies
ESCI - Environmental Science
06 - NFQ Level 6
10 - 10 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Edel Costello, John Crummy
Programme Membership
SG_SOCCU_C06 201900 Higher Certificate in Science in Science in Occupational Safety and Health

This is an introductory unit to chemical safety with the aim of informing students about the intrinsic chemical, physical and health hazards associated with chemical storage and use. The topics covered include, chemical warning labels and symbols, SDSs, hazard identification, chemical risk assessment, hierarchy of control for chemicals management.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Identify and explain the statutory requirements with regards to management of chemical hazards in the workplace.


Explain the hazard classification, labelling and packaging systems for chemicals.


Interpret chemical Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) and outline the intrinsic hazards associated with chemical storage and use.


Outline the physico-chemical (physical) hazards associated with certain chemicals.


Undertake chemical risk assessment in relation to chemical agents in workplace settings.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered part-time.

This module will be delivered using blended learning techniques.

This will include online lectures (via adobe connect or similar), workshops and may include site visits, augmented by independent learning and directed learning.

This approach is expected to address student-learning needs.

Moodle will be used as a repository of educational resources and as a means of assessment (e.g. quizzes, uploading assignments and journals).

The online delivery will be blended with workshops to bring the learners together to facilitate group learning.

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 50% Continuous Assessment and 50% Final Exam

2 x Moodle Quizzes (MCQ's) (10%): shall take place (towards the middle and end of semester)

Workshop Assignment (10%): Students work in groups to develop solutions to prescribed workplace H&S issues through enquiry based learning.

Individual research report assignment (30%): Students will examine and solve a prescribed workbased problem in chemical safety and will be submitted via Moodle towards the end of the semester.

Final exam (50%) at end of term.

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessment and/or Final Exam

Module Dependencies


Indicative Syllabus

1. Identify and explain the statutory requirements with regards to management of chemical hazards in the workplace.

  • Safety Health & Welfare at Work (Chemical Agents) Regulations 2001
  • Code of Practice for Chemical Agents Regulations
  • Chemicals Act; REACH, CLP, Carcinogens, Asbestos, COMAH and ADR Regulations

2. Explain the hazard classification, labelling and packaging systems for chemicals.

  • Chemical hazard classification and labelling systems, including safety data sheets

3. Interpret chemical Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) and outline the intrinsic hazards associated with chemical storage and use.

  • SDS Sections
  • Toxicological & environmental hazards
  • Physico‑chemical hazards
  • Storage categories of chemicals and associated problems

4. Outline the physico-chemical (physical) hazards associated with certain chemicals.

  • Physico‑chemical hazards
  • Storage categories of chemicals and associated problems
  • Chemical Storage Hazards & Controls 

5. Undertake chemical risk assessment in relation to chemical agents in workplace settings.

  • 5 Steps when performing a chemical risk assessment

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 MCQ's x 2 Continuous Assessment Multiple Choice 10 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4
2 Workshop Assignment: Students work in groups to develop solutions to prescribed workplace H&S issues through enquiry based learning Continuous Assessment Group Project 10 % OnGoing 3,4,5
3 Students will examine and solve a prescribed workbased problem in chemical safety Continuous Assessment Assignment 30 % OnGoing 3,4,5

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Term 1,2,3,4

Online Learning Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Not Specified Online Lecture 2 Weekly 2.00
Directed Learning Not Specified Directed learning 1.85 Weekly 1.85
Workshop Flat Classroom Workshop 2.5 Once Per Semester 0.17
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent learning 10 Weekly 10.00
Total Online Learning Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.02 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2016-05-03 Health and Safety at Work
ISBN 0749478179 ISBN-13 9780749478179

Establish the proper systems and procedures for effective health and safety management and the legal requirements that businesses need to be aware of with this guide for UK employers.

Recommended Reading
2009-10 Principles of Health and Safety at Work Routledge
ISBN 090135743X ISBN-13 9780901357434

Widely acknowledged as the one stop summary of health and safety fundamentals, Principles covers law, safety technology, occupational health and hygiene and safety management techniques. Originally written by the late international health and safety expert Allan St John Holt, this new edition has been comprehensively updated by Allan's colleague Jim Allen. The book is designed as a concise, accessible introduction to health and safety basics and includes revision notes and a wide range of references. It is a first class resource for NEBOSH Certificate students.

Recommended Reading
2015-06-19 Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) United Nations
ISBN 9789213619346 ISBN-13 9213619340

The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) addresses classification and labelling of chemicals by types of hazards. It provides the basis for worldwide harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals and aims at enhancing the protection of human health and the environment during their handling, transport and use by ensuring that the information about their physical, health and environmental hazards is available. The sixth revised edition includes, inter alia, a new hazard class for desensitized explosives and a new hazard category for pyrophoric gases; miscellaneous amendments intended to further clarify the criteria for some hazard classes (explosives, specific target organ toxicity following single exposure, aspiration hazard, and hazardous to the aquatic environment) and to complement the information to be included in section 9 of the Safety Data Sheet; revised and further rationalized precautionary statements; and an example of labelling of a small packaging in Annex 7.

Recommended Reading
2003-08-14 Environmental Health Science Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199748764 ISBN-13 9780199748761

This is a broad, in-depth introduction to a scientific field that is becoming ever more central to human health. Environmental exposures to a bewildering array of chemical and physical agents result from our individual and collective activities, and can cause effects ranging from discomfort through loss of function, illness, chronic diseases, and premature death. Their concomitant effects on quality of life, productivity, and need for clinical services can be costly. The book covers the terminology used in environmental health; the sources of chemical and physical agents in the environment; how they disperse and transform throughout the environment; their effects on environmental quality and human health; how levels and exposures are quantified; how standards are established; how levels, exposures, and risks can be controlled; and what technological opportunities and trends are likely to influence our environmental future. It includes chapters on noise, ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation, risk assessment, and risk management. Written in a clear and systematic way, this text will be an invaluable resource for students of environmental health. An earlier version of the book, Chemical Contamination in the Human Environment (OUP 1979), was called by one teacher "visionary...easily the most useful textbook in environmental health science for entry-level graduate students."

Recommended Reading
2017 Introduction to Chemical Safety Management
ISBN 9674403523 ISBN-13 9789674403522
Recommended Reading
2004-11-03 Chemical Process Safety Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN 075067749X ISBN-13 9780750677493

Gives insight into eliminating specific classes of hazards, while providing real case histories with valuable messages. There are practical sections on mechanical integrity, management of change, and incident investigation programs, along with a long list of helpful resources. New chapter in this edition covers accidents involving compressors, hoses and pumps. * Stay up to date on all the latest OSHA requirements, including the OSHA required Management of Change, Mechanical Integrity and Incident Investigation regulations. * Learn how to eliminate hazards in the design, operation and maintenance of chemical process plants & petroleum refineries. * World-renowned expert in process safety, Roy Sanders, shows you how to reduce risks in your plant. * Learn from the mistakes of others, so that your plant doesn't suffer the same fate. * Save lives, reduce loss, by following the principles outlined in this must-have text for process safety. There is no other book like it!

Recommended Reading
2002 Chemical Process Safety Prentice Hall
ISBN UOM:39015054112258

Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition ofChemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applicationscombines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals,Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Editionis also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Recommended Reading
2009-01-01 Chemical Safety Board Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN 1606925865 ISBN-13 9781606925867

The principal role of the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) is to investigate accidental releases of regulated or extremely hazardous substances to determine the conditions and circumstances that led to the accident and to identify the cause or causes so that similar accidents might be prevented.1 Accidental releases of these toxic and hazardous chemicals occur frequently and often have serious consequences.

Recommended Reading
2009-05-16 Occupational Safety and Health Simplified for the Chemical Industry Government Institutes
ISBN 1605902802 ISBN-13 9781605902807

Identifying safety risks inherent to the chemical industry, this new book identifies steps that safety managers can implement in their facilities to minimize the occurrence and severity of accidents. Drawing together in one volume everything employers need to know about applicable OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) standards, this book provides expert, easy-to-read insight into interpreting OSHA's chemical manufacturing standards, training requirements, and Hazard Communication Standard. Intended as a reference tool for use in the office and on the production floor, this book allows safety managers to quickly understand complicated OSHA requirements. It removes much of the confusion and stress from the compliance process by providing detailed examples of various required documents and processes. For added convenience, the authors include a sample Hazard Communication Program, a comprehensive and easy-to-use sample chemical hygiene plan, a sample chemical safety program, and a sample chemical industry emergency response plan, all of which conform to OSHA standards.

Recommended Reading
2013-11-12 Lees' Process Safety Essentials Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN 9780080962306 ISBN-13 0080962300

Lees' Process Safety Essentials is a single-volume digest presenting the critical, practical content from Lees' Loss Prevention for day-to-day use and reference. It is portable, authoritative, affordable, and accessible ideal for those on the move, students, and individuals without access to the full three volumes of Lees'. This book provides a convenient summary of the main content of Lees', primarily drawn from the hazard identification, assessment, and control content of volumes one and two. Users can access Essentials for day-to-day reference on topics including plant location and layout; human factors and human error; fire, explosion and toxic release; engineering for sustainable development; and much more. This handy volume is a valuable reference, both for students or early-career professionals who may not need the full scope of Lees', and for more experienced professionals needing quick, convenient access to information. Boils down the essence of Lees'the process safety encyclopedia trusted worldwide for over 30 years Provides safety professionals with the core information they need to understand the most common safety and loss prevention challenges Covers the latest standards and presents information, including recent incidents such as Texas City and Buncefield

Recommended Reading
2006-01 New EU Regulation of Chemicals iSmithers Rapra Publishing
ISBN 1859575161 ISBN-13 9781859575161
Recommended Reading
2002 Environmental Toxicology Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
ISBN 0521581516 ISBN-13 9780521581516

Comprehensive introductory textbook for students and specialists in ecology, environmental science, and chemistry.

Recommended Reading
2006-01-01 Fundamental Toxicology Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN 9780854046140 ISBN-13 0854046143

Fundamental Toxicology is a concise and comprehensive review of toxicology. It is based on the highly successful Fundamental Toxicology for Chemists and has been enriched and expanded. Every chapter in this new edition has been revised and updated, and four new chapters have been added. With contributions from internationally recognised experts in their field, this broad-based introduction to the topic covers both well-established and rapidly developing areas of toxicology, such as toxicogenomics, reproductive toxicology, behavioural toxicology and ecotoxicology. The book was written and published with the support of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). The book includes new information on: risk assessment and risk management; toxicogenomics; effects of toxic substances on the human body; environmental distribution of chemicals and ecotoxicology; clinical toxicology; pharmaceutical toxicology; and aspects of laboratory measurement and safe laboratory practice. Fundamental Toxicology is ideal for students and includes extensive pedagogical features, such as an extensive glossary, a bibliography after each chapter and recommended further reading. It is also designed for teachers and lecturers, especially those who may be teaching toxicology for the first time. Included is a suggested curriculum for using the text to teach toxicology to students from various scientific disciplines. Professionals working in toxicology and related fields will find this an invaluable guide.

Recommended Reading
2012 Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials William Andrew
ISBN 9781437734553 ISBN-13 1437734553

Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles. For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it. Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects.

Recommended Reading
2012-11-05 Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN 9780123977823 ISBN-13 0123977827

Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Safety Health & Welfare at Work (Chemical Agents) Regulations, 2001. Government Publications Office Dublin.

Safety Health & Welfare at Work (Carcinogens) Regulations, 2001. Government Publications Office Dublin.

2011 Code of Practice for the Safety Health & Welfare at Work (Chemical Agents) Regulations, 2001. Government Publications Office Dublin.

Safety Health and Welfare at Work (General Application) Regulations, 2007. Government Publications Office Dublin.

Barton J. (2002) Dust Explosion, Prevention and Protection IChemE

Journal Resources

Journal of Safety Research

Professional Safety Journal

URL Resources

Other Resources

Students will be given access to handouts, relevant reports and research reports on the moodle page for this module.

Additional Information