PSYG09015 2022 Medical Imaging

General Details

Full Title
Medical Imaging
Transcript Title
Medical Imaging
Code
PSYG09015
Attendance
75 %
Subject Area
PSYG - Physiology Studies
Department
HEAL - Health & Nutritional Sciences
Level
09 - NFQ Level 9
Credit
05 - 05 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2022 - Full Academic Year 2022-23
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Azura Youell, Karen Coughlan, Tanya ByrnePratt, Thomas Smyth
Programme Membership
SG_SCLIN_Q09 202200 Master of Science in Clinical Measurement Physiology SG_SHEAL_Q09 202200 Level 9 Certificate in Healthcare Science (Physiology)
Description

This module aims to introduce the various theory and concepts of medical imaging and its role in clinical measurement disciplines (Vascular, Neurological, Gastrointestinal, Respiratory and Cardiac physiology).

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Assess and demonstrate key physics principles related to medical imaging

2.

Review in-depth concepts relevant to ultrasound instrumentation

3.

Evaluate the origin of artefacts and their implications on ultrasound imaging

4.

Explain key principles of Doppler ultrasound

5.

Simulate application of ultrasound demonstrating practical understanding

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Lectures will expose learners to key concepts supported by laboratory-based practicals. Practical work will offer opportunities for interactive learning in small groups through enquiry and discussion. Laboratory technique and report‑writing ability are assessed as part of the practical work performed during the module. Practicals are designed as problem based learning exercises to encourage teamwork and critical thinking.

The VLE will support the module as a repository for learning material but also providing opportunities for self-directed learning through the provision of short formative assessment quizzes and activities including case study work. Module materials embrace the principles of a Universal Design for Learning approach. 

Students will be expected to actively engage with reading material and self-directed learning activities to promote integration of prior knowledge and assimilation of new specialist knowledge. 

As this module will contain elements of mathematics within the physical principles, students will be able to obtain additional support, if required, through the Maths support centre within the Centre for enhancement of Teaching and Learning (CELT).

Module Assessment Strategies

Students will complete laboratory practicals and generate reports as a key part of ongoing assessment to apply theory to practical application and understanding. Written feedback will be provided at regular intervals as a result of this process. 

Short answer and multiple-choice quizzes will also be used to assess theoretical knowledge. 

Application of theoretical knowledge will also be assessed via final written exam.

Formative feedback will form an important part of the learning methods within this module.  Due to the required knowledge and competences fo this module feedback will be available to students on summative assessment grades in writing. 

 

Repeat Assessments

Students will be afforded the opportunity to undertake any/all Failed elements of the module at the earliest opportunity. Where the attendance of practicals is below 75%, students will be expected to offset the deficit before being regarded as having successfully completed the module.

This module contains 'must pass' assessments.  The minimum ‘pass’ mark for this module overall is 50%, in addition to meeting the minimum attendance requirement. 

Indicative Syllabus

To include an introduction to ultrasound theory and application within the area of Clinical Physiology including set-up, normal and abnormal findings.  

  • Principles of ultrasound imaging
  • Ultrasound instrumentation principles and applications (A, M and B-mode)
  • Ultrasound image processing
  • Imaging artefacts – origins and interpretations
  • Doppler ultrasound theory and applications
  • Doppler instruments and principles
  • Clinical Haemodynamic  

Learners will undertake a range of different practicals to supplement and practically apply the medical imaging theory.

 

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Short answer and MCQ Continuous Assessment Assessment 15 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5
2 Practical reports Practical Closed Book Exam 35 % OnGoing 5
             

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Semester 1,2,3,4
             
             

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Lecture Theatre Theory lectures 2 Weekly 2.00
Laboratory Practical Science Laboratory Practical 2.5 Fortnightly 1.25
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent study 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.25 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2011-10-24 Ultrasound Physics and Technology E-Book Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN 9780702049927 ISBN-13 0702049921

Written for health practitioners and students new to medical ultrasound, this book provides all the basic physics and technological knowledge they need in order to practise ultrasound effectively, including safety aspects of ultrasound, quality assurance and the latest techniques and developments. Multiple choice questions for self-assessment and as a revision aid Chapter on terminology with explanatory paragraphs of words and phrases used in diagnostic ultrasound Troubleshooting guide - common problems and their solutions explored

Required Reading
1996 Essentials of Ultrasound Physics Mosby Incorporated
ISBN 0815198523 ISBN-13 9780815198529

Intended for those interested in ultrasound physics, this text works as a primer for the Registry exam. Topics covered include: broadband transducers, modern beam formers, dynamic frequency filtering, intraluminal transducers, colour flow imaging methodology, bioeffects and acoustic output labelling standards.

Required Reading
2009-09-15 Vascular Ultrasound E-Book Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN 9780080982571 ISBN-13 0080982573

This book provides an understanding of the underlying scientific principles in the production of B-mode and Colour Flow imaging and Spectral Doppler sonograms. A basic description of common vascular diseases is given along with a practical guide as to how ultrasound is used to detect and quantify the disease. Possible treatments of common vascular diseases and disorders are outlined. Ultrasound is often used in post-treatment assessment and this is also discussed. The role of ultrasound in the formation and follow-up of haemodialysis access is a growing field and is covered in detail. Practical step-by-step guide to peripheral vascular ultrasound. Explains the basic scientific principles of ultrasound instrumention and blood flow. Fully illustrated with 175 black and white scans, 150 colour scans and 220 black and white and colour line drawings. Contributions from leading names in peripheral vascular ultrasound. Accompanying DVD includes cine loops of ultrasound scans in normal and diseased vessels and of optimum scans to show potential pitfalls and common mistakes. Four new chapters and two new contributors, both clinical lecturers in vascular ultrasound. New chapter on treatment techniques of particular interest to vascular surgeons who increasingly are required to learn basic scanning skills. Sections on ultrasound instrumentation updated to cover new developments in equipment such as broadband colour imaging. Current practices in all the vascular ultrasound applications covered are reviewed and updated.

Required Reading
2019-11 Introduction to Vascular Ultrasonography Elsevier
ISBN 0323428827 ISBN-13 9780323428828

"Now in its 7th edition, Introduction to Vascular Ultrasonography, by Drs. John Pellerito and Joseph Polak, provides an easily accessible, concise overview of arterial and venous ultrasound. A new co-editor and new contributors have updated this classic with cutting-edge diagnostic procedures as well as new chapters on evaluating organ transplants, screening for vascular disease, correlative imaging, and more. High-quality images, videos, and online access make this an ideal introduction to this complex and rapidly evolving technique."--Publisher's website.

Required Reading
2008-06-09 Cardiovascular Haemodynamics and Doppler Waveforms Explained Cambridge University Press
ISBN 0521734738 ISBN-13 9780521734738

This book provides the necessary understanding of the physical principles to produce clear and diagnostically secure Doppler ultrasound scans.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Access to other selected relevant textbooks will be available, online, through the college library's e-books facility. 

Journal Resources

Access to selected relevant journals will be available, online, through the college library.   

AHA Journals 

British Medical Journal 

Thrombosis and Haemostasis 

European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery 

Journal of Vascular Surgery  

Other Resources
Additional Information