PSYC08020 2016 The Psychology of Positive Behaviour

General Details

Full Title
The Psychology of Positive Behaviour
Transcript Title
Psychology of Positive Behavio
N/A %
Subject Area
PSYC - Psychology Studies
SOCS - Social Sciences
08 - NFQ Level 8
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Orla Walsh
Programme Membership
SG_WSOCI_H08 201600 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Social Care Practice SG_SoCaSOCI_G07 201600 Bachelor of Arts in Social Care Practice SG_HEARL_H08 201700 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Humanities in Early Childhood Care and Educ SG_HSOCI_H08 201700 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Social Care Practice SG_HEARL_H08 201800 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Early Childhood Care and Educ SG_HSOCI_H08 201900 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Social Sciences in Social Care Practice

The aim of this module is to develop competence in the learner's ability to apply the principles of psychology to encourage positive behaviour and manage negative behaviour in childhood. Behavioural difficulties most commonly encountered in childhood will be explored. The background to these behaviours and factors affecting children's behaviour will be examined. Child observation methods will be practised in this module to assist in the identification and recording of inappropriate behaviours. Training will be provided in the design of positive behaviour policies for use in practice settings. In addition, guidance will be provided in the use of behaviour modification techniques and individual plans to manage unacceptable behaviour.

This module maps to the CORU standards of proficiency below:

Domain 1: Professional Autonomy and Accountability

Domain 2: Communication, Collaborative Practice and Team working

Domain 3: Safety & Quality

Domain 5: Professional Knowledge and Skills

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Explain the process of emotional development in childhood and describe factors that influence it. (Domain 1.23,  5.4)


Recognise emotional and behavioural disorders in childhood. (Domain 2.17, 5.4, 5.10)


Use appropriate child observation techniques to identify and record inappropriate behaviours. (Domain 2.6, 3.1, 3.2, 3.4, 5.10)


Design a positive behaviour policy for practice and develop individual positive behaviour plans. (Domain 2.9, 3.6, 3.8, 5.10)


Produce strategies to encourage positive behaviour and manage inappropriate behaviour. (Domain 2.17, 5.10)

Teaching and Learning Strategies

One hour lecture and two hours tutorial

Module Assessment Strategies

Presentation and Portfolio

This module assessment allows for assessment of CORU Standards of proficiency as follows:

Portfolio (Domain 1.23; 2.6, 2.9,  2.17;  3.1 ,3.2, 3.4, 3.6, 3.8; 5.4, 5.10)

Presentation (Domain 2.17; 5.4)

Repeat Assessments


Indicative Syllabus

Emotions and development: Emotional development and temperament. Understanding and expressing emotions. Development of emotional self- regulation and fostering emotional competence. Emotional intelligence. Parenting, parenting styles and parental responsiveness.

Negative behaviours and classification: Defining age appropriate negative behaviours and recognizing emotional and behavioural disorders including the following: temper tantrums, short attention span, hyperactivity, impulsiveness and aggression. DSM V and ICD 10 classification of conduct disorders.

Positive Behaviour Policies and individual plans: Positive behaviour policies in practice and individual plans to encourage positive behaviour. Involving parents in the planning process and working with parents for change.

Assessment, recording and behaviour management strategies: Using child observation methods to identify and record inappropriate behaviours. Strategies for encouraging positive behaviour. Reducing inappropriate behaviour and encouraging positive behaviours using behaviour modification techniques.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 presentation Continuous Assessment Assessment 30 % Week 29 1,2
2 Portfolio Continuous Assessment Assignment 70 % End of Semester 3,4,5

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Lecture Theatre Lecture 1 Weekly 1.00
Tutorial ECCE Skills Laboratory Tutorial 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2008-10-15 Encouraging Positive Behaviour in the Early Years: A Practical Guide SAGE Publications Ltd
ISBN 1847873758 ISBN-13 9781847873750

Praise for the First Edition:

'Those who found this author's previous books on SEN in early years useful might be keen to add her latest publication to their shelves. The structure of the book is clear and usefully outlined, with menus and summaries for each chapter.'

Nursery World

This exciting new edition of a much-loved book offers the reader the following new elements:

- a CD-Rom with lots of downloadable and printable resources, including self-audits for settings, letters to parents, Individual Education Plans (IEPs), Play Plans, quizzes and crosswords

- Coverage of new legislation and initiatives, such as the Early Years Foundation Stage and Every Child Matters

- new case studies

- guidance on how to plan, write and review Play Plans, with examples.

Covering the 3 to 8 age range, this book is full of practical strategies, good advice and clear and helpful suggestions. It will help you encourage good behaviour from every child in your setting, and is particularly strong on suggesting ways to support children with special educational needs.

Collette Drifte is a Freelance Writer and Educational Consultant, based in Northumberland, having worked previously as a teacher and Deputy Head for many years.

Recommended Reading
2015-12-17 The Handbook of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology: A Contextual Approach Routledge
ISBN 1138806137 ISBN-13 9781138806139

The third edition of the hugely successful Handbook of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology incorporates important advances in the field to provide a reliable and accessible resource for clinical psychologists. Beginning with a set of general conceptual frameworks for practice, the book gives specific guidance on the management of problems commonly encountered in clinical work with children and adolescents drawing on the best practice in the fields of clinical psychology and family therapy. In six sections thorough and comprehensive coverage of the following areas is provided:

Frameworks for practice

Problems of infancy and early childhood

Problems of middle childhood

Problems of adolescence

Child abuse

Adjustment to major life transitions

Thoroughly updated throughout, each chapter dealing with specific clinical problems includes cases examples and detailed discussion of diagnosis, classification, epidemiology and clinical features. New material includes the latest advances in: child and adolescent clinical psychology; developmental psychology and developmental psychopathology; assessment and treatment programmes. This book is invaluable as both a reference work for experienced practitioners and as an up-to-date, evidence-based practice manual for clinical psychologists in training.

The Handbook of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology is one of a set of 3 books published by Routledge which includes The Handbook of Adult Clinical Psychology: An Evidence Based Practice Approach, Second Edition (Edited by Carr & McNulty) and The Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Clinical Psychology Practice (Edited by Alan Carr, Christine Linehan, Gary OReilly, Patricia Noonan Walsh and John McEvoy).

Recommended Reading
2013-03-21 Defiant Children, Third Edition: A Clinician's Manual for Assessment and Parent Training The Guilford Press
ISBN 1462509509 ISBN-13 9781462509508

A perennial bestseller from a leading authority, this book provides an effective 10-step program for training parents in child behavior management skills (ages 2 to 12). Professionals get proven tools to help parents understand the causes of noncompliant, defiant, oppositional, or socially hostile behavior at home or in school; take systematic steps to reduce it; and reinforce positive change. Comprehensive assessment guidelines are included. In a large-size format for easy photocopying, the volume features numerous reproducible parent handouts and two rating scales (the Home Situations Questionnaire and the School Situations Questionnaire). Purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials.

New to This Edition
*Reflects 15 years of research advances and the author's ongoing clinical experience.
*Fully updated model of the nature and causes of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).
*Revised assessment tools and recommendations.
*The latest data on the program's effectiveness.
*Spanish-language versions of the parent forms are available online for downloading and printing (

See also the related title for parents: Your Defiant Child, Second Edition: Eight Steps to Better Behavior. For a teen focus, see also Defiant Teens, Second Edition (for professionals), and Your Defiant Teen, Second Edition (for parents), by Russell A. Barkley and Arthur L. Robin.

Recommended Reading
2000-03 Working With Parents of Aggressive Children: A Practitioner's Guide (School Psychology (APA)) Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN 1557986371 ISBN-13 9781557986375

With youth violence becoming more alarming in its intensity and frequency, Timothy Cavell offers a framework for intervening with aggressive school-age children. Cavell maintains that turning around aggressive tendencies requires therapy that will reestablish the broken bonds between parent and child. His method, called Responsive Parent Therapy, includes the skills training component of common parent training programmes but goes beyond them to support the restructuring of the family itself. The goal of Responsive Parent Therapy is to help parents establish and maintain healthy emotional bonds that will socialize their child. The author shows how therapists can help to rebuild family bonds by addressing parenting goals, family structure and parental self-care. The author also shares empirical findings on the aetiology, behavioural correlates and prognosis for aggressive children and provides information on assessment and diagnosis. Scripts, information sheets, worksheets and tips from Cavell's own extensive clinical experience make this book eminently practical.

Module Resources