NUTR09024 2019 Exercise Physiology & Metabolism

General Details

Full Title
Exercise Physiology & Metabolism
Transcript Title
Exercise Physiology & Metaboli
Code
NUTR09024
Attendance
N/A %
Subject Area
NUTR - Nutrition
Department
HEAL - Health & Nutritional Sciences
Level
09 - NFQ Level 9
Credit
10 - 10 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Eimear Donlon, Azura Youell
Programme Membership
SG_SSPOR_M09 201900 Master of Science in Sports and Exercise Nutrition SG_SSPOR_O09 201900 Postgraduate Diploma in Science in Sports and Exercise Nutrition
Description

This module aims to upskill students from non-exercise backgrounds in exercise physiology concepts relevant to the regulation of metabolic processes during and as a result of various types of exercise training in selected population groups.  Students will be introduced to principles and methods of exercise training aimed at different outcomes, and understand the associated acute and chronic physiological and biochemical responses and resultant implications for nutrition.  Various concepts associated with bioenergetics and muscle metabolism, energy expenditure and fatigue and the structure and function of exercising muscle will be included, together with physiological adaptations to deconditioning and metabolic disease.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Explain types of exercise training with varying aims, and discuss the associated acute & chronic physiological responses in bodily systems

2.

Examine the structure and function of skeletal muscle and discuss metabolic processes during muscular contraction

3.

Examine principle energy systems and sources, and discuss energy expenditure and the interrelationship between systems at rest and during exercise of various intensities.

4.

Describe the hormonal regulation of metabolism and fluid and electrolyte balance during exercise.

5.

Analyse variations in physiological responses and metabolism during, and as a result of regular exercise, associated with selected population sub-groups in comparison to the general population.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered online through weekly lectures.

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 100% continuous assessment

1-2 key assignment(s) will be assessed, alongside shorter sporadic theory assessments spread across the semester: 2-4 computer-based assessments will be offered weighted between 10-20% each.

Repeat Assessments

Students may repeat all/some elements of continuous assessment work.

Indicative Syllabus

Principles and concepts of exercise training and associated acute physiology.

Structure and function of skeletal muscle, the motor unit, biochemical & mechanical events during muscle action, sensory motor integration and proprioceptors in muscles, joints and tendons.

Strength measurements, characteristics of muscle fibres types and relationship to exercise performance.

Energy substrates, ATP, aerobic and anaerobic energy pathways and the energy continuum and its' relevance to various exercise aims, including weight loss, muscle gain and improved cardiorespiratory endurance

Measuring energy expenditure at rest and during exercise, the capacity of the energy producing pathways, fatigue and its causes and muscle soreness.

Integration of Carbohydrate, Fat & Protein Metabolism in Normal Daily Life in comparison to exercise at various intensities.

Hormonal Regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, fluid & electrolytes during exercise. 

The nervous system & metabolism.

Chronic physiological adaptations to exercise training - implications for metabolism and energy balance.

Exercise physiology & metabolism considerations for population sub-categories: children, women, elderly, elite performers.

Exercise physiology & metabolism considerations in the de-conditioned individual and in specified metabolic diseases.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Critically review the acute and chronic adaptations made to a specified exercise training emphasis focusing on the implications for metabolism. Continuous Assessment Assignment 20 % Week 5 1,2,4
2 Theory Assessment Continuous Assessment Assessment 40 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5
3 Discuss the integration of physiological, biochemical and metabolic processes specific to the exercise programme of a case study client with a focus on the implications for specific nutritional requirements. Continuous Assessment Individual Project 40 % Week 11 1,3,4,5

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Online Lecture Online Lecture 4 Weekly 4.00
Directed Learning Offsite Self-Directed Learning 10 Weekly 10.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 14.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2015-03-30 Physiology of Sport and Exercise 6th Edition Human Kinetics
ISBN 9781450477673 ISBN-13 1450477674

Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Sixth Edition, frames research findings in physiology in a reader-friendly format, making this textbook a favorite of instructors and students alike. This resource offers a simple way for students to develop an understanding of the bodys abilities to perform various types and intensities of exercise and sport, to adapt to stressful situations, and to improve its physiological capacities.

Required Reading
2018-04-24 Sports and Exercise Nutrition LWW
ISBN 1496377354 ISBN-13 9781496377357

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. This edition of McArdle, Katch, and Katch's respected text reflects the most recent, evidence-based information on how nutrition affects exercise and sports performance. Using high quality research to illustrate teaching points, the authors provide detailed yet accessible coverage of the science of exercise nutrition and bioenergetics, along with valuable insights into how the principles work in the real world of physical activity and sports medicine. New content, new research citations, and new case studies throughout help prepare students for a successful career in exercise science. eBook available. Faster, smarter, and more convenient, today's eBooks can transform learning. These interactive, fully searchable tools offer 24/7 access on multiple devices, the ability to highlight and share notes, and much more. New coverage. The authors provide new and expanded coverage of such key topics as special populations (diabetes, vegan), micronutrients, and exercise and nutrient prioritization. New activities and assignments direct students to the USDA's Super Tracker, where they can follow a personalized nutrition and physical activity plan and track their food intake and physical activities. New Case Studies. Each chapter contains case studies that connects personal health and exercise nutrition. Studies include real world examples that highlight application of dietary guidelines, weight control, body composition assessments, and practical physical activity recommendations. Striking full-color art program featuring more than 500 figures and images to bring the content to life. An accessible handbook approach makes detailed and challenging material more accessible. Focused organization. The book starts with coverage of the basic science of nutrition, builds on that, and ultimately applies the content to diverse exercise science contexts. Built-in learning aids. In every chapter, Test Your Knowledge assessments, Personal Health and Exercise Nutrition boxes, Connections to the Past features, Personal Health and Exercise Nutrition activities, Section Summaries, and Additional Insights help students master key content. FYIs interspersed throughout the text help bring timely examples to expand on information in the text. References include links to current research to help students expand on their knowledge and learning.

Required Reading
2012 Metabolic Regulation: A Human Perspective, 3rd Edition Wiley-Blackwell

Required Reading
2018-08-23 Sport Nutrition-3rd Edition Human Kinetics
ISBN 9781492529033 ISBN-13 1492529036

Sport Nutrition, Third Edition, uses a physiological basis to provide an in-depth look at the science supporting nutrition recommendations. Students will come away with an understanding of nutrition as it relates to sport and the influence of nutrition on performance, training, and recovery.

Required Reading
2010 Exercise Physiology Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN 9780781797818 ISBN-13 0781797810

Thoroughly updated with all the most recent findings, this Seventh Edition guides you to the latest understanding of nutrition, energy transfer, and exercise training and their relationship to human performance. This new edition continues to provide excellent coverage of exercise physiology, uniting the topics of energy expenditure and capacity, molecular biology, physical conditioning, sports nutrition, body composition, weight control, and more. The updated full-color art program adds visual appeal and improves understanding of key topics. A companion website includes over 30 animations of key exercise physiology concepts; the full text online; a quiz bank; references; appendices; information about microscope technologies; a timeline of notable events in genetics; a list of Nobel Prizes in research related to cell and molecular biology; the scientific contributions of thirteen outstanding female scientists; an image bank; a Brownstone test generator; PowerPoint(R) lecture outlines; and image-only PowerPoint(R) slides.

Required Reading
2008 Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Science Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736062416 ISBN-13 9780736062411

Although there are chapters in exercise physiology texts and a few books on the topics of human bioenergetics and energy metabolism, those chapters and books often do not cover the pertinent information in sufficient detail and are generally highly research oriented or outdated. Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Scienceis an up-to-date text that encompasses all available information regarding human bioenergetics and energy metabolism and brings together diverse issues that are of theoretical interest and practical importance. Written as a primer, this text explains the foundational and critical knowledge and research findings in bioenergetics and the application of those findings. To evaluate research more knowledgeably and decide which techniques best fit their own research, students and professionals will learn about lab- and field-based techniques used to measure energy metabolism, including lipid metabolism. In addition to bioenergetics concepts and research, the text emphasizes the metabolic challenges brought about by obesity and diabetes. A dedicated chapter discusses metabolic impairments associated with both diseases, alterations in metabolism during exercise for affected individuals, and the role of exercise in enhancing energy utilization and improving glucose response and insulin sensitivity. The text also provides a more specific discussion of bioenergetics applied to the subpopulations of children, elderly people, and women. Without weighing down the reader will highly academic and technical jargon, the text explains the science behind energy metabolism in an accessible and inclusive format specifically designed for exercise science students studying areas other than bioenergetics and professionals working in related areas such as health and fitness, nutrition, and weight management. Bioenergetics novices will appreciate the cohesive presentation of information within a four-part structure: -Part Iillustrates how carbohydrate, fat, and protein are metabolized and converted into energy for sport and physical activity. It conveys basic but critical information before pursuing more advanced topics in bioenergetics. -Part IIpresents lab- and field-based techniques for measuring energy metabolism, including a variety of instrumentations and protocols commonly used to assess energy and fuel utilization. Connections to sport and physical activity, including the energy cost of walking, running, cycling, and resistance exercise, are emphasized. Strategies that can be used to enhance energy utilization with special focus on weight management are also introduced. -Part IIIexplores ideas and strategies for enhancing energy production and expenditure. Metabolic adaptations to exercise training are covered (such as changes in cellular function, fuel utilization, and oxygen uptake after aerobic, anaerobic, and resistance training). Special attention is given to obesity and diabetes, primarily the effect of glucose responses and insulin sensitivity on affected populations and how age, gender, and metabolic diseases affect those populations. -Part IVdiscusses additional aspects of bioenergetics, including factors influencing resting metabolic rate and the thermic effect of food and its relationship to physical activity and obesity. Also included is a discussion of intended use, working mechanism, related research, and potential side effects for select pharmacologic and nutritional substances. Helpful textbook features such as chapter summaries, key point boxes, key terms bolded in the text and defined in the glossary, review questions with an appendix of answers, and an extensive reference list make this text ideal for effective learning and retention for students. More in-depth than cursory discussions found in exercise physiology texts and more practical and accessible than dedicated bioenergetics texts, Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Scienceencompasses all the up-to-date research and information regarding human bioenergetics and energy metabolism, offering both students and professionals a depth of knowledge that will inform their further study, research, and profession. Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Scienceis the third volume in Human Kinetics'' Primers in Exercise Science Series. This series presents a foundational understanding of the science behind each topic in the series and, when appropriate, its application. Written by leading researchers and teachers in their respective areas of expertise, these books convey the essential concepts in dynamic, complex areas of scientific knowledge using an accessible writing style. Designed for quick reference and ease of assimilation, these books provide students and professionals with up-to-date foundational knowledge in an otherwise unfamiliar scientific area. Other books that have appeared in the series include Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science, Third Edition,by Michael E. Houston and Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Healthby Stephen M. Roth.

Required Reading
2011-12-12 Biochemistry for Sport and Exercise Metabolism John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9780470091852 ISBN-13 0470091851

"This book will provide them with the basics of the subject presented in a clear, accessible style placed firmly within a sporting context"--Provided by publisher.

Required Reading
2003 Exercise Physiology Elsevier
ISBN 9780195125276 ISBN-13 0195125274

This is the first history of exercise physiology written from a systems perspective. The significance of human exercise experiments is emphasized, and the range of coverage is very wide. Among the figures whose thinking or work are discussed are Galen, Avicenna, Descartes, Edward Smith, Seguin, Krogh, A.V. Hill, Henry Taylor, Zuntz, Ingle, Palladin, Galbo, and Bloor. Throughout the book controversies are acknowledged and differences of viewpoint presented. After an introductory chapter on early ideas about the physiology of exercise and the training of athletes, there are eleven in-depth accounts of the development of scientific thinking about the responses of key physiological systems to the conditions of acute and chronic exercise, as well as their coupling with integrative responses. They cover the neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, autonomic, oxygen transport, metabolic, renal, endocrine and temperature regulation systems, among others. The authors of these chapters are very well-qualified. Two have received the Olympic Prize in the sport sciences, seven the Honor Award for Research in sports medicine and exercise science, and five have given the Adolph Lecture in environmental and exercise physiology for the American Physiological Society. No other volume offers such a broad and authoritative set of historical perspectives on exercise physiology.

Required Reading
2017-01-05 Exercise Physiology for Health Fitness and Performance LWW
ISBN 1496323181 ISBN-13 9781496323187

The new edition of Plowman and Smith's renowned text continues to the authoritative textbook for teaching Exercise Physiology. This engaging and beautifully designed text integrates theoretical and research based basic exercise physiology with real-world application to prepare students for exciting positions in exercise science, fitness, physical education, athletic training, rehabilitation, coaching and/or allied health professions. Accessible and engaging, the 5th Edition offers coverage of foundational science and critical exercise physiology topics. Organized by independent units (Metabolic, Cardiovascular-respiratory, Neuromuscular-skeletal, and Neuroendocrine-immune) this text offers maximum teaching flexibility for faculty and consistent presentation of material for the student.

Module Resources

Journal Resources

Journal of Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism

International Journal of Sports Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism

Medicine & Science in Sport and Exercise (MSSE)

URL Resources

Details of the VLE Web-Page Supporting the Module will be made available to learners on commencing the module.