NUTR09019 2019 Human Nutrition and Exercise Physiology and Metabolism

General Details

Full Title
Human Nutrition and Exercise Physiology and Metabolism
Transcript Title
Human Nutrition and Exercise P
Code
NUTR09019
Attendance
N/A %
Subject Area
NUTR - Nutrition
Department
HEAL - Health & Nutritional Sciences
Level
09 - NFQ Level 9
Credit
10 - 10 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Azura Youell, Irina Uzhova
Programme Membership
SG_SSPOR_M09 201900 Master of Science in Sports and Exercise Nutrition SG_SSPOR_O09 201900 Postgraduate Diploma in Science in Sports and Exercise Nutrition
Description

This module is aimed at bridging the gap for entrants from alternate disciplines through an accelerated overview of the fundamental principles in Human Nutrition and Exercise Physiology & Metabolism.

The Human Nutrition Section describes the dietary sources, function and metabolism of macro- and micronutrients, and other biologically active substances, discussing key nutritional aspects that contribute to healthy growth and development throughout life.

Understanding of the fundamentals of exercise training, the regulation of metabolic processes by which muscles derive energy during exercise, as well as mechanisms underpinning both acute and chronic physiological adaptations to training, disuse and metabolic disease will also be achieved in the Exercise Physiology & Metabolism sections.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Discuss the importance of macro- and micronutrients, energy balance and metabolism including digestion, absorption, and symptoms associated with deficiencies

2.

Discuss key nutritional aspects of different population groups at each stage of the life cycle and critically evaluate variations in nutritional demand due to physical activity level, age and gender, physiological and health status 

3.

Assess and evaluate nutritional status at different life stages

4.

Critically evaluate the evidence for some of the key factors which influence food and nutrient intake and its association with diseases

5.

Explain variations in physiological responses and metabolism during, and as a result of regular exercise, associated with selected population sub-groups in comparison to the general population.

6.

Explain types of exercise training with varying aims, and discuss the associated acute & chronic physiological responses in bodily systems

7.

Describe the structure and function of skeletal muscle and discuss metabolic processes during muscular contraction

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered through online weekly lectures. This will consist of two hours of lectures per week as well as two hours of asynchronous learning which will consist of interactive and forum discussions and MCQ's. In addition, the learner will be expected to allocate an additional 6 hours per week for continuous assessment and additional reading. 

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 100% continuous assessment which will consist of two written assignments (case study where students apply nutritional knowledge to a certain risk group or health situation; and review of the acute and chronic adaptations made to a specified exercise training emphasis and population group) and short sporadic Theory Assessments spread across the semester: 2-4 computer-based assessments will be offered weighted between 10-20% each.

Repeat Assessments

Students may repeat all/some elements of continuous assessment work if required

Indicative Syllabus

Human Nutrition

Body composition, energy and macronutrients; 

Organic and inorganic essential nutrients;

Nutritional relevance, digestion and absorption of nutrients;

Dietary requirements and nutritional assessment for specific population groups

Exercise Physiology & Metabolism

Principles and concepts of exercise training and associated acute physiology; 

Structure, function and metabolism in skeletal muscles;

Biochemistry of exercise and immune function;

Chronic adaptations to exercise training - implications for metabolism and energy balance;

Exercise physiology & metabolism considerations for population sub-categories: children, women, elderly, elite performers.

 

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Human Nutrition Assignment: Review of the specific nutritional requirements, various functions and sources of selected nutrients on a Case Study Continuous Assessment Written Report 30 % Week 5 2,3,4
2 Critically review the acute and chronic adaptations made to a specified exercise training emphasis and population group focusing on the implications for metabolism. Continuous Assessment Essay 30 % Week 10 5
3 Theory Assessment Continuous Assessment Closed Book Exam 40 % OnGoing 1,2,5,6,7

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Online Lecture Online Lecture 4 Weekly 4.00
Directed Learning Offsite Self-directed Learning 10 Weekly 10.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 14.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2010-10-01 Human Nutrition Churchill Livingstone
ISBN 0702044636 ISBN-13 9780702044632

This new edition has been completely revised to provide a concise, up to date, textbook that covers all aspects of nutrition from food supply and food choice through nutrient metabolism including genetics aspects, to requirements for special groups, nutrition related diseases, assessment of nutritional status in individuals and populations, and food and nutrition policies. It also addresses recent developments in the field of human nutrition.

Required Reading
2014-02-26 Exercise Physiology
ISBN 1451193831 ISBN-13 9781451193831

Setting the standard for more than 30 years, Exercise Physiology has helped more than 350,000 students build a solid foundation in the scientific principles underlying modern exercise physiology. This Eighth Edition is updated with the latest research in the field to give you easy-to-understand, up-to-date coverage of how nutrition, energy transfer, and exercise training affect human performance. Get quick access to the resources available to help you master each section of the text with "Ancillaries at a Glance." Maximize your study time with the book's vibrant, "magazine style" design that makes the content more engaging and accessible and key information easier to find. Reinforce your understanding with Chapter Objectives, Integrative Questions that pose open-ended questions for reflection on complex concepts, and FYI sections that offer "good to know" information. Gain an understanding of how researchers contribute to our knowledge of exercise physiology through engaging section-opening interviews with key figures in the field. Learn how theoretical concepts relate to practical skills through "In a Practical Sense" features. Access the most relevant current information in the field through figures and tables that clarify important concepts and information. Gain an understanding of the past, present, and future of the profession through coverage of important milestones and future directions in the field. Visit the free companion website for anywhere, anytime access to over 30 animations of key exercise physiology concepts, the book's complete list of references, and more.

Required Reading
2011-12-12 Biochemistry for Sport and Exercise Metabolism John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9780470091852 ISBN-13 0470091851

"This book will provide them with the basics of the subject presented in a clear, accessible style placed firmly within a sporting context"--Provided by publisher.

Required Reading
2003 Exercise Physiology Elsevier
ISBN 9780195125276 ISBN-13 0195125274

This is the first history of exercise physiology written from a systems perspective. The significance of human exercise experiments is emphasized, and the range of coverage is very wide. Among the figures whose thinking or work are discussed are Galen, Avicenna, Descartes, Edward Smith, Seguin, Krogh, A.V. Hill, Henry Taylor, Zuntz, Ingle, Palladin, Galbo, and Bloor. Throughout the book controversies are acknowledged and differences of viewpoint presented. After an introductory chapter on early ideas about the physiology of exercise and the training of athletes, there are eleven in-depth accounts of the development of scientific thinking about the responses of key physiological systems to the conditions of acute and chronic exercise, as well as their coupling with integrative responses. They cover the neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, autonomic, oxygen transport, metabolic, renal, endocrine and temperature regulation systems, among others. The authors of these chapters are very well-qualified. Two have received the Olympic Prize in the sport sciences, seven the Honor Award for Research in sports medicine and exercise science, and five have given the Adolph Lecture in environmental and exercise physiology for the American Physiological Society. No other volume offers such a broad and authoritative set of historical perspectives on exercise physiology.

Required Reading
2008 Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Science Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736062416 ISBN-13 9780736062411

Although there are chapters in exercise physiology texts and a few books on the topics of human bioenergetics and energy metabolism, those chapters and books often do not cover the pertinent information in sufficient detail and are generally highly research oriented or outdated. Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Scienceis an up-to-date text that encompasses all available information regarding human bioenergetics and energy metabolism and brings together diverse issues that are of theoretical interest and practical importance. Written as a primer, this text explains the foundational and critical knowledge and research findings in bioenergetics and the application of those findings. To evaluate research more knowledgeably and decide which techniques best fit their own research, students and professionals will learn about lab- and field-based techniques used to measure energy metabolism, including lipid metabolism. In addition to bioenergetics concepts and research, the text emphasizes the metabolic challenges brought about by obesity and diabetes. A dedicated chapter discusses metabolic impairments associated with both diseases, alterations in metabolism during exercise for affected individuals, and the role of exercise in enhancing energy utilization and improving glucose response and insulin sensitivity. The text also provides a more specific discussion of bioenergetics applied to the subpopulations of children, elderly people, and women. Without weighing down the reader will highly academic and technical jargon, the text explains the science behind energy metabolism in an accessible and inclusive format specifically designed for exercise science students studying areas other than bioenergetics and professionals working in related areas such as health and fitness, nutrition, and weight management. Bioenergetics novices will appreciate the cohesive presentation of information within a four-part structure: -Part Iillustrates how carbohydrate, fat, and protein are metabolized and converted into energy for sport and physical activity. It conveys basic but critical information before pursuing more advanced topics in bioenergetics. -Part IIpresents lab- and field-based techniques for measuring energy metabolism, including a variety of instrumentations and protocols commonly used to assess energy and fuel utilization. Connections to sport and physical activity, including the energy cost of walking, running, cycling, and resistance exercise, are emphasized. Strategies that can be used to enhance energy utilization with special focus on weight management are also introduced. -Part IIIexplores ideas and strategies for enhancing energy production and expenditure. Metabolic adaptations to exercise training are covered (such as changes in cellular function, fuel utilization, and oxygen uptake after aerobic, anaerobic, and resistance training). Special attention is given to obesity and diabetes, primarily the effect of glucose responses and insulin sensitivity on affected populations and how age, gender, and metabolic diseases affect those populations. -Part IVdiscusses additional aspects of bioenergetics, including factors influencing resting metabolic rate and the thermic effect of food and its relationship to physical activity and obesity. Also included is a discussion of intended use, working mechanism, related research, and potential side effects for select pharmacologic and nutritional substances. Helpful textbook features such as chapter summaries, key point boxes, key terms bolded in the text and defined in the glossary, review questions with an appendix of answers, and an extensive reference list make this text ideal for effective learning and retention for students. More in-depth than cursory discussions found in exercise physiology texts and more practical and accessible than dedicated bioenergetics texts, Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Scienceencompasses all the up-to-date research and information regarding human bioenergetics and energy metabolism, offering both students and professionals a depth of knowledge that will inform their further study, research, and profession. Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Scienceis the third volume in Human Kinetics'' Primers in Exercise Science Series. This series presents a foundational understanding of the science behind each topic in the series and, when appropriate, its application. Written by leading researchers and teachers in their respective areas of expertise, these books convey the essential concepts in dynamic, complex areas of scientific knowledge using an accessible writing style. Designed for quick reference and ease of assimilation, these books provide students and professionals with up-to-date foundational knowledge in an otherwise unfamiliar scientific area. Other books that have appeared in the series include Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science, Third Edition,by Michael E. Houston and Genetics Primer for Exercise Science and Healthby Stephen M. Roth.

Required Reading
2019-05-07 Physiology of Sport and Exercise Human Kinetics Publishers
ISBN 1492572292 ISBN-13 9781492572299

Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Seventh Edition With Web Study Guide, details human physiological responses to exercise and sport. This edition features digital components and ancillaries to better illustrate how the body performs and responds to physical activity.

Module Resources

Journal Resources

Journal of Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism

International Journal of Sports Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism

Medicine & Science in Sport and Exercise (MSSE)

 

URL Resources

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