HYD06006 2012 Hydraulics 202
The student will be able to define and manipulate the theoretical concepts which underlie basic fluid properties
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;
Define ,quantify and formulate the concepts of forces exerted by a moving fluid using the principles defined in the momentum equation. Apply principles to solving problems involving same.
Define ,quantify and formulate the concepts of laminar, transitional and turbulent flow as defined by the Hagen Pouiselle and D'arcy -Weisbach Equations. Apply principles to solving problems involving same.
Introduce concepts or pumps and turbines, and carry out analysis of basic engineering problems in water systems using turbomacinary.
Uses standard hydraulic engineering equipment to perform experiments in teams, observe and record data and experimental evidence.
Compile and report in a clear concise manner the findings and results of laboratory experiment.
Indicative Syllabus
- The momentum equation, forces exerted by fluids on pipe bends . Forces exerted by a jet on plates. Manipulation of the energy equation. Application of momentum equation forces exerted in pipelines by moving fluids.
- Principles of fluid flow in pipes. Reynolds Number, laminar flow & turbulent flow, The Hagen-Pouiselle Equation, The Darcy-Weisbach Equation. The Borda-Carnot Equation. Measurement of minor losses in closed conduits. Measurement of fluid flow rates in simple pipeline systems. Design of a simple pipe network.
- Principles of pumps, pump characteristic curves and pump efficiency, system characteristic curve, pump operating point, estimation of pump output powers.
- Principles of Turbines. The application of the momentum principle to energy extraction. Examination of operating princlples of Frances, Turgo, Kaplin and Pelton Wheel Turbines.
Indicative Practicals/Projects
- Determine the force exerted by a free jet on a stationary plate. Determine the force exerted on a reducer section in a pipeline for a variety of flow rates.
- Determine the Relationship between the Hydraulic Gradient and Velocity Head for flow in closed conduits for Laminar, Transitional and Turbulent conditions
- Determine the loss coefficient for minor losses in various pipe bend and valves.
- Measure the pressure loss due to friction in a pipeline for various flow rates. Determine the friction factor for each flow rate and relate its value to the Universal Resistance Diagram.
- Estimation of Characteristic Curves and operational efficiency for axial, mixed and centrifugal pumps.
- Estimate angular velocity, tangential velocity and power output for an impulse turbine.
Coursework & Assessment Breakdown
Coursework Assessment
Title | Type | Form | Percent | Week | Learning Outcomes Assessed | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | Continuous Assessment | Continuous Assessment | UNKNOWN | 10 % | Week 8 | 1,2,3 |
2 | Practical Evaluation | Continuous Assessment | UNKNOWN | 30 % | Week 15 | 4,5 |
End of Semester / Year Assessment
Title | Type | Form | Percent | Week | Learning Outcomes Assessed | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | Final Exam | Final Exam | UNKNOWN | 60 % | Week 15 | 1,2,3,4,5 |
Full Time Mode Workload
Type | Location | Description | Hours | Frequency | Avg Workload |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Lecture | Lecture Theatre | Theory | 2 | Weekly | 2.00 |
Laboratory Practical | Engineering Laboratory | Practical | 1 | Weekly | 1.00 |
Independent Learning | UNKNOWN | Study | 4 | Weekly | 4.00 |
Module Resources
Authors |
Title |
Publishers |
Year |
Hamill .L |
Understanding Hydraulics |
Macmillan |
2002 |
Douglas J.F and R.D. Matthews |
Solving Problems in: Fluid Mechanics Volume 1. |
Pearson /Prentice Hall |
1996 |
None
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