General Details

Full Title
Transcript Title
N/A %
Subject Area
HLTH - Health Studies
LIFE - Life Sciences
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Azura Youell
Programme Membership
SG_SHEAL_H08 201600 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Science in Health Science and Physical Activity

This module is aimed at developing the students personal training capabilities by equipping students with the underlying theoretical basis and practical skills to design programmes and instruct clients in training techniques to develop muscular strength, muscular endurance and cardiorespiratory endurance.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Demonstrate understanding of principles, concepts and theory relevant to muscular strength and endurance (MSE) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) training.


Explain muscle ultra-structure, the physiology of muscle contraction and detail acute and chronic adaptations made by physiological systems in response to resistance training (RT).


Conduct a 'needs analysis' with a client, interpret the information provided, and implement appropriate and effective training strategies based on individual goals and needs.


Apply the 'teaching protocol' to instruct a variety of machine-based and free-weight RT exercises safely and effectively, showing the ability to adapt exercises to individual needs.


Name and locate agonists, antagonists and fixators for specified single- and multi-joint actions.


Explain and instruct a variety of methods to develop CRF demonstrating correct technique and with attention to exercise intensity.


Manipulate the acute programme variables (APVs) effectively, and apply principles of training and FITTA in the design and delivery of training programmes to develop specific muscular and CRF goals.


Act in the capacity of a personal trainer to plan, implement and evaluate, safe, effective training sessions demonstrating good communication and interpersonal skills.


Apply evidence-based justification to compare and contrast different types of CRF and MSE training and rationalise decisions about FITT in the design and evaluation of appropriate, safe and effective training programmes.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Teaching methods will cater for a variety of learning styles blending some online and face-to-face methods for the delivery of theory. Practical sessions will facilitate learning of practical skills and techniques and workshops will allow a small-group format and a more enquiry-basded learning approach to programme design.

Module Assessment Strategies

The assessment strategy for this module centres around assessing practical skills and application of theory using real-world fitness training scenarios and a mix of assessment methods (written programme design with practical implementation and post-session evaluation) to evaluate a variety of learning styles.

Repeat Assessments

Students who have not fallen below the minimum mandatory attendence requirement at practicals may be afforded oportunities to repeat elements of continuous assessment outstanding or which been failed where overall mark is deficient but the 'gate in the theory exam' has been met.

Module Dependencies


Indicative Syllabus

Planning and Delivering Personal Training (PT)

Introduction to personal training as distinct from other methods of fitness instruction including relevant principles, specific issues (e.g. health & safety), session planning, communication and establishing and maintaining client contact.

Muscular Strength & Endurance (MSE) Training

Specific terminology, definitions, theoretical concepts and principles relevant ot MSE training

Muscle Actions, Muscle Physiology and Adaptations to Resistance Training (RT)

Principles and physiology of muscle contraction including the 'all or none theory' and the Ramplike recruitment pattern

Acute and chronic adaptations made by physiological systems (cardiovascular, endocrine, skeletal, metabolic, muscular) in response to resistance training

Resistance Exercise Instruction

Demonstrating and instructing correct lifting technique and adapting, progressing and spotting free-weight and machine-weight resistance exercises using proper form and matching client needs and abilities.

Correct resistance exercise machine set-up and adjustment and manipulation of appropriate variables on each machine for the individual user.

Individual Resistance Programme Design

Designing an Individual RT Programme - principles of programme design, manipulating the acute programme variables (APVs) to achieve desired training effect (LME, Strength, Hypertrophy, Power)

Methods/Systems used in resistance training (Single-set training, Basic Sets, Pyramid, Circuit RT, Super-Setting, Stacking, Forced repetition, Split Routines) and relative merits of each in relation to individual goals

Aerobic Theory

Specific terminology, definitions, basic principles and concepts relevant to the implemenation of training methods designed to improve cardiovascular fitness.

Advantages, limitations and typical uses of commonly used methods of monitoring exercise intensity (Personal Pulse-Check, Rate of Perceived Exertion)

Cardiorespiratory Exercise Instruction

CV training methods (continuous, interval, fartlek etc) – principles, differences, practical application and relative merits of each based on existing evidence

Correct technique for using and adjusting the variables appropriate to suit individuals on CV machines (Treadmill, Rower, Upright Bike, Recumbent Bike, Cross Trainer, Stepper).

Individual CRF Programme Design

Design and structure of an individual CVE fitness training programme

Manipulating FITTA to facilitate various training effects and create overload and progression in line with adaptations made

Application of other principles of training to aerobic training

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
65 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
35 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Practical Skills Evaluation Part I Continuous Assessment Practical Evaluation 10 % Week 6 4,5,8
2 Programme Design / Case Study Part I Continuous Assessment Individual Project 5 % Week 4 3,8
3 Practical Skills Evaluation Part II Continuous Assessment Practical Evaluation 25 % End of Semester 4,5,8
4 Programme Design / Case Study Part II Continuous Assessment Individual Project 25 % Week 12 1,3,5,6,7,8,9

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Theory Assessment Final Exam Closed Book Exam 35 % End of Term 1,2,7,9

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Self Study 4 Weekly 4.00
Practical MPC GYM Practical Exercise Instruction 2 Fortnightly 1.00
Practical MPC Studio Practical Exercise Instruction 2 Fortnightly 1.00
Lecture Tiered Classroom Lecture 2 Weekly 2.00
Tutorial Flat Classroom Workshop 1 Fortnightly 0.50
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.50 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2015-12-08 Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning 4th Edition Human Kinetics

Developed by the National Strength and Conditioning Association, Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, Fourth Edition, is the fundamental preparation text for the CSCS exam as well as a definitive reference that strength and conditioning professionals will consult in everyday practice.

Recommended Reading
2014-03-17 Designing Resistance Training Programs, 4E Human Kinetics

In this text, two of the worlds leading experts on strength training explore how to design scientifically based resistance training programs, modify and adapt programs to meet the needs of special populations, and apply the elements of program design in the real world.

Recommended Reading
2015-01-19 EuropeActive's Foundations for Exercise Professionals Human Kinetics
ISBN 1450423779 ISBN-13 9781450423779

EuropeActives Foundations for Exercise Professionals provides core knowledge and industry standards to help exercise professionals serve their clients. Endorsed by EuropeActive, the continents leading standard-setting organisation in fitness and health, this text is an authoritative guide for current and future exercise professionals and training providers in Europe.

The book uses scientific foundations to cover concepts and hands-on skills that promote best practices in exercise instruction and training. The content applies to all levels of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) and associated job titlesthe only resource to do soand matches the core information for EQF levels 3 and 4. Thus, this instructional guide ensures smooth movement and work transfers among employers, educational institutions and countries in Europe.

Written by renowned experts in exercise and sport sciences and framed in the European Register of Exercise Professionals Code of Ethical Practice for exercise professionals, the text offers several practical features for readers:

Easy-to-apply instruction accompanied by 88 full-colour photos and 68 illustrations offer an ideal visual learning experience.

Complete descriptions and images detail proper form for common free-weight and machine-resistance training exercises.

Explanations and recommendations are included for the most popular cardiorespiratory exercise equipment.

Official nutrition recommendations prepare professionals to address clients concerns.

The complete Code of Ethical Practice serves as a guide for all exercise professionals in Europe.

EuropeActives Foundations for Exercise Professionals begins by covering the bones, joints, muscles and cardiovascular system to ensure a proper understanding of the bodys movement and physiology. Readers then learn the components of exercise theory and prescription, including energy systems; body composition; resistance, aerobic and flexibility training; warm-up and cool-down; and the principle of progression. The book helps professionals become role models in the industry with information on managing lifestyle through physical activity, health, nutrition, hydration and safety. After gaining foundational knowledge, readers will look closer at the role of the exercise professional, starting with building rapport, motivating, screening and assessing clients. The final chapters discuss the basic aspects of training: exercise technique using weight machines, free weights and cardiorespiratory equipment.

Both aspiring and qualified exercise professionals should keep abreast of foundational information about all areas of the health and fitness sector in order to properly serve the industry and their clients. EuropeActives Foundations for Exercise Professionals is an ideal reference for promoting physical activity, making lifestyles healthier and guiding clients toward their fitness goals.

Recommended Reading
2015-01-19 EuropeActive's Essentials for Fitness Instructors Human Kinetics

Endorsed by EuropeActive, this text includes fundamentals and best practices of concepts, duties and responsibilities that fitness instructors perform on the job. The content applies to level 3 of the European Qualifications Framework.

Recommended Reading
2006-12-04 Resistance Training Instruction - 2nd Edition Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736064036 ISBN-13 9780736064033

Ensure optimal results for your clients with the most efficient training and teaching techniques for resistance exercise. Covering all the major muscle groups, Resistance Training Instruction provides all the tools to improve the function, performance, and appearance of your clients.

Detailed illustrations combined with expert technical guidance demonstrate how to target specific muscles as well as the most efficient alignment, positioning, and lifting technique for each exercise. In addition, you will learn how and when to vary intensity, volume, recovery, and exercise sequencing to customize any routine.

Organized by movement function, emphasizing the connection between technique and results, each exercise provides the following:

-Step-by-step instructions for setup and technique

-Guidance on monitoring, cueing, spotting, and coaching clients for the safest, most effective training

-Full-color anatomical illustrations that depict muscle use throughout each exercise

With sample periodized programs, Resistance Training Instruction demonstrates how to develop base strength, improve whole-body fitness, and design advanced split routines by selecting, combining, and sequencing the best exercises for each client.

Used by the renowned Cooper Institute for Aerobic Research to certify personal trainers, Resistance Training Instruction makes it easy to achieve maximum gains for all of your clients.

Recommended Reading
2007-05-14 Exercise Prescription - 2nd Edition: A Case Study Approach to the ACSM Guidelines Human Kinetics
ISBN 0736066802 ISBN-13 9780736066808

You will find no better preparation source for the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) certification than the new, second edition of Exercise Prescription: A Case Study Approach to the ACSM Guidelines. Authors David Swain and Brian Leutholtz present a series of case studies to help you translate the ACSM guidelines for exercise prescription into practical knowledge.

This second edition of Exercise Prescription utilizes the most up-to-date information published in the seventh edition of the ACSM's Guidelines to provide an excellent study resource not only for those preparing for ACSM certification, but for any certification that follows the guidelines set by the ACSM. And unlike the numerous texts that concentrate on the theory and fundamentals of exercise prescription guidelines, this text presents real-life case studies that clearly show readers how the information is applied. You will find new criteria for screening, risk factor thresholds, and fitness norms, as well as revised recommendations for exercise intensity. The text also contains expanded readings on special populations such as pregnant women, children, and various types of cardiac patients.

From beginning to end, this book is organized to help you build your exercise prescription acumen and confidence. The book begins with a section on fitness assessment and determining clients' risk stratification. Next is a discussion of the basic principles of exercise prescription, including V\od\O2 reserve, followed by information on how to use the ACSM metabolic equations. Finally, you will put those equations to work in chapters featuring case studies that present exercise prescriptions for cardiorespiratory fitness, weight loss, muscular strength and flexibility, and special client populations such as children, older adults, and clients with heart disease, diabetes, or hypertension.

Exercise Prescription: A Case Study Approach to the ACSM Guidelines, Second Edition, is formatted for easy reading and includes an appendix of 10 additional case studiescomplete with 100 questions and answersto help you assess your newly gained knowledge. The hands-on, practical approach of this text makes it an ideal resource as you prepare for ACSM certification and enhance your ability to prescribe appropriate exercise for a variety of clients.

Recommended Reading
2014-04-21 Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, 7E Human Kinetics

Through an integrated text and video combination, Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, Seventh Edition (Enhanced), provides a comprehensive approach to physical fitness appraisal and exercise prescription. This resource includes more than 75 minutes of video content that help readers learn the techniques necessary for conducting fitness testing and program design. More than 40 video clips featuring common exercise assessments teach viewers the essentials of fitness testing, such as calibration of blood pressure cuffs, functional movement assessment, and push-up and pull-up testing. Students and professionals will also learn about common errors to avoid, as well as tips on interacting with clients.

The seventh edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription reflects current guidelines and recommendations, including new physical activity recommendations from the U.S. government, American Heart Association, and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), as well as the latest ACSM guidelines for medical exam and exercise testing requirements before beginning exercise programs. Unlike introductory texts, which typically focus on field testing for evaluating physical fitness, this text includes both field and laboratory assessment techniques. Readers will find the latest information on maximal and submaximal graded exercise testing in healthy populations, muscular fitness testing protocols and norms for children and adults, and field tests and norms for evaluating cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, body composition, flexibility, and balance.

Additional updates to the seventh edition include the following:
New research substantiating the link between physical activity and disease risk
Expanded information on prediabetes, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, and overweight and obesity, including updated statistics on the global prevalence of obesity
New dietary guidelines for Americans, including information on MyPlate
Inclusion of SCORE system to estimate 10-year risk of fatal cardiac event due to atherosclerosis
Expanded information on the use of technology to monitor physical activity
Updated information on the use of exergaming and social networking to promote physical activity and exercise
Additional OMNI pictorial scales for ratings of perceived exertion during exercise
Latest ACSM FITT-VP principle for designing aerobic exercise programs
Whole-body vibration as an adjunct to resistance training and flexibility training

Module Resources

URL Resources


Other Resources

 Practical Manual (Compiled by Tutors)


Additional Information

The module also requires exclusive access the Knocknarea Gym (no entrance to the public during teaching/assessment times) or other fitness facility for the purposes of syllabus delivery and assessment of the module.