EURO07014 2016 European Social Policy Analysis

General Details

Full Title
European Social Policy Analysis
Transcript Title
N/A %
Subject Area
EURO - European Studies
SOCS - Social Sciences
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
John Pender
Programme Membership
SG_HEARL_G07 201600 Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Care and Educ SG_WSOCI_H08 201600 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Social Care Practice SG_HEARL_H08 201700 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Humanities in Early Childhood Care and Educ SG_HSOCI_H08 201700 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Social Care Practice SG_HEARL_H08 201800 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Early Childhood Care and Educ SG_HSOCI_H08 201900 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Social Sciences in Social Care Practice

European Social Policy provides an exploration and understanding of the manner in which social policy discourses and policy developments across the European Union Member States has been and continues to be impacted by intergovernmental and supranational actors and forces. This module provides a review of the direct impact of EU membership on social policy-making in Ireland.

This module maps to the CORU Standards of Proficiency below:

Domain 1: Professional Autonomy and Accountability

Domain 2: Communication, Collaborative Practice and Team working

Domain 5: Professional Knowledge and Skills

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Assess and evaluate the scope and impact of EU social policies 


Critically contextualise the emergence, evolution, organisation and delivery of European Union oriented social policy (Domain 5.3)


Comprehend the possibilities and constraints attaching to the future development of EU member state care and welfare policies focusing specifically on Irish specific social policy development (Domain 5.2)


Critique social policy initiatives significantly shaped by EU policy-making actors and institutions


Review and appraise a range of theoretical offerings that seek to explain the policy-making process at the EU level (Domain 5.14)


Evaluate the prospects of deeper coordination of EU Member States social policy development (Domain 5.5)


Design and deliver a coherent and persuasive justification of EU social policy intervention within Member States (Domain 1.18)

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Weekly lectures augmented by student-driven weekly tutorials. Occasional utilisation of specialist guest lecturers sourced by close collaboration with 'Europe Direct'. Delivery of an end of semester policy-making EU social policy simulation event. Field trip visits to the institutions of the EU.

Module Assessment Strategies

Students are expected to successfully complete: (a) an all group EU social policy-making simulation event (50%) and; (b) generate a 4000-word analysis of the impact and EU social policy has made to the lives a particular client group in Ireland (50%)

This modules assessment allows for assessment of CORU Standards of Proficiency as follows:

Attendance and participation at the simulation event (Domain 1.18, 2.7, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.14)

Individual Project Review (Domain 1.18, 2.6, 2.7, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.14)

Repeat Assessments

Submission of a 4000-word analysis of the impact of EU social policy on an agreed client group in at least three EU member states.

Indicative Syllabus

What is the European Union?:  history, personalities, and organisation

Evolution of the European Social Model: theoretical explorations - (e.g Esping Andersen’s Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism); The emergence of a European Welfare State: harmonisation, coordination or re-nationalisation?

Models of EU Governance: supranationality or intergovernmentality?

The institutions of the EU and their powers – European Council, European Parliament, European Court of Auditors, European Court of Justice; Economic and Social Committee;  COREPER, Committee of the Regions; European Central Bank, European Commission, Fundamental Rights Agency

Social policy making: key actors and policy instruments

Key EU social policy legislative devices and decision-making mechanisms: social policy and the treaties of the EU; Lisbon Process, National Action Plans and the Open Method of Co-ordination

The impact of Eurozone membership, strict adherence to ECB budget deficit controls and social policy development

European social policy entrepreneurs – Commissioners, European Court of Justice, EU lobbying and campaigning groups

EU social policy making case studies:

1.      Employment Policy

2.      Public Health

3.      Human Trafficking and Crime Control

4.      Migration, Racism, Xenophobia, Islamophobia, and Anti-Semitism

5.      Gender Equality

6.      Disability

7.      Young people and children

8.      Social Exclusion

9.      European Social Fund

The impact of EU Social Policy on Ireland

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Individual Project Review and evaluate the impact of EU social policy on a client group in Ireland Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 50 % Week 12 1,2,3,4,5,6
2 Group Project Group Project All group EU social policy-making simulation event Continuous Assessment Group Project 50 % Week 8 1,3,4,6,7

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Lecture Theatre Weekly lectures 1 Weekly 1.00
Workshop Problem Based Learning Room Discussion of lecture topics and preparation for simulation exercise 2 Weekly 2.00
Game based learning Problem Based Learning Room End of semester student led EU social policy simulation event 2 Once Per Semester 0.13
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.13 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2010 European Social Policy and Social Work Routledge
ISBN 0415545234 ISBN-13 9780415545235
Recommended Reading
2003-01-09 Active social policies in the EU: Inclusion through participation? Policy Press
ISBN 1861342802 ISBN-13 9781861342805

There is an increasing emphasis on activation and participation in European social welfare policy. Inclusion through participation makes an important contribution to debates in this area by:reporting on original international comparative research;reflecting on and critically assessing current activating social policies;evaluating the consequences of these policies, as well as challenging the premises they are based on;including the perspectives of service users in its analyses;offering recommendations for the future design of activating social policies.The book will be invaluable for students, lecturers and researchers of social and labour market policies and policy makers.

Recommended Reading
2015-06-24 The European Social Model in Crisis: Is Europe Losing Its Soul? Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN 1783476559 ISBN-13 9781783476558

The European Social Model has been an integral part of the construction of the European Community and has been effective in stimulating its economic growth. This social dimension represents the soul of the European Union, and has been envied and adopted by other regions and countries in the world.

Under the pressure of the 2008 financial crisis and the subsequent introduction of austerity measures across Europe, many countries have reformed basic elements of the model including social protection, pensions, public services, workers' rights, quality of jobs, working conditions and social dialogue, often undermining social cohesion. These trends have raised questions: is Europe currently losing its legacy? If so, what are the social and economic implications, both in the short and longer term? The European Social Model in Crisis assesses social policy developments in each EU individual member state on the basis of detailed empirical evidence and concrete case studies.

The volume is a timely warning about the weakening of the European Social Model and its possibly devastating future effects. The alternative options proposed here make the book essential reading for policy-makers, while scholars and researchers of European studies and social policy will find it an invaluable reference.

Contributors include: J.I. Antn, D. Anxo, G. Bosch, R. Muoz de Bustillo Llorente, K. Espenberg, A. Figueiredo, J. Gauti, P. Gonzlez, D. Grimshaw, M. Karamessini, J. Masso, I. Mierina, . Scharle, A. Simonazzi, D. Szikra, D. Vaughan-Whitehead

Recommended Reading
2015-01-13 European Social Models From Crisis to Crisis: Employment and Inequality in the Era of Monetary Integration Oxford University Press
ISBN 0198717962 ISBN-13 9780198717966

This book analyzes the interaction of European social models -- the institutions structuring labor markets' supply side -- and their turbulent macroeconomic environment from the deep Europe-wide recession, ending Germany's post-unification boom, through monetary union's establishment, to the Great Recession following the recent financial crisis. The analysis reaches two conclusions challenging the dominant view that the social models caused unemployment by impairing labor markets' efficiency in the name of equity. First, the social models' employment and distributive effects are far outweighed by their macroeconomic environment, especially in the Eurozone, where its truncated structure of economic governance transformed the Great Recession into a sovereign debt crisis. Second, instead of a trade-off between efficiency and equity, the employment effects of counteracting markets' tendency to generate inequality depends on the macroeconomic conditions under which it occurs and how it is done.

Recommended Reading
2015-03-02 Which European Union?: Europe after the Euro Crisis Cambridge University Press
ISBN 1107503973 ISBN-13 9781107503977

Sergio Fabbrini argues that the European Union (EU) is made up of states pursuing different aims, rather than simply moving in the same direction at different speeds. He describes the alternative perspectives on the EU (an economic community, an intergovernmental union, and a parliamentary union), that led to multiple compromises in its structure and shows how the Euro crisis has called them into question. The book argues that a new European political order is necessary to deal with the consequences of the crisis, based on an institutional differentiation between the EU member states interested only in market co-operation and those advancing towards a genuine economic and monetary union. Such a differentiation would allow the latter group to become a political union, conceptualised as a compound union of states and citizens, while preserving a revised framework of a single market in which both groups of states can participate.

Recommended Reading
2014-05-01 The Euro Crisis and Its Aftermath Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199993335 ISBN-13 9780199993338

The euro's life, while only slightly more than a decade long, has been riddled by a series of challenges and crises. The eruption of the Greek crisis in 2010 took European policymakers by surprise and forced them to design responses to a quickly deteriorating situation. Even though Europe has final begun to stabilize, the disparity between the prosperous Northern countries, especially Germany, and the plummeting Southern countries, including Spain and Greece, has exacerbated economic and political problems within the Eurozone. Amidst loud and frequent debates, solutions have been enacted, but the struggles facing this monetary union continue to develop even today.

The Euro Crisis and Its Aftermath was written to inform readers about the roots of this enduring European crisis and the alternative proposals for ending it. In four parts, Jean Pisani-Ferry explains the origins of the European currency, the build-up of imbalances and oversights that led to the crisis, the choices European policymakers have both addressed and ignored since 2010, and the evolution of the policy agenda and possible options for the future. The book is as much of an informative and analytical history as it is a discussion of solutions for a more prosperous European economy.

Rather than putting forth and supporting a thesis, Pisani-Ferry helps readers understand the past and present of the euro crisis and form their own opinions about potential solutions. This book is not intended to reach only economists, as time has long passed since European monetary unification was a debate limited to academics. This book is also for the policy makers searching for solutions, citizens of Europe enduring the consequences, and the international community that has felt the effects of an unstable Eurozone.

Recommended Reading
2015-04-09 Social Policy in the European Union (The European Union Series) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 0230223508 ISBN-13 9780230223509

Social policy has become an increasingly prominent component of the European Union's policy-making responsibilities. Today, for example, a highly developed body of law regulates equal treatment in social security and co-ordinates national security schemes; national health services have opened up to patients and service providers from other states; and rules govern the translation of educational and vocational certificates across member states. This state of affairs is all the more remarkable given the relatively limited resources at the EU's disposal and the initial intentions of its founders.

During negotiations for the Treaty of Rome in the 1950s, social policy was viewed as the exclusive provenance of the member states. There were to be provisions to facilitate labour mobility within the common market, but until the 1970s social policy making at the EU-level was modest. However, plans for the internal market moved social policy on the EU's decision-making agenda. The Social Chapter was adopted in 1989, and the Single European Act expanded EU competencies in social policy. The Treaties of Maastricht, Amsterdam and Nice all expanded competencies further, so that by the time the heads of government met in Lisbon in 2007 to sign the EU's latest treaty, the extent of supranational control over important aspects of social policy making was quite impressive.

This important book provides a full account of the evolution of social policy in the EU and of its current reach. It examines the reasons for the increased role of the EU in the area, in spite of formidable obstacles, and details its effects in member states, where social provision is often the biggest item in government budgets and a crucial issue in national elections. Drawing on research done on welfare states around the world and on European integration, this book provides a distinctive and sophisticated account of social policy in Europe, showing how it must now be understood in the context of multi-level governance in which EU institutions play a pivotal role.

Recommended Reading
2012-08-21 The Political Economy of European Welfare Capitalism (21st Century Europe) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 1403902240 ISBN-13 9781403902245

A state-of-the-art assessment of welfare provision, policy and reform at national and at EU level which spans the whole of Europe - East, West and Central. Uniquely broad-ranging in scope, and covering the latest research findings and theoretical debates, it provides a genuinely comparative overview text for students of the new Europe.

Recommended Reading
2013-02-08 Changing Welfare States Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199607605 ISBN-13 9780199607600

Changing Welfare States is major new examination of the wave of social reform that has swept across Europe over the past two decades. In a comparative fashion, it analyses reform trajectories and political destinations in an era of rapid economic, social, and political restructuring, including the critically important dimension of European integration. The book argues that the overall scope of social reform across the member states of the European Union varies widely. In some cases welfare state change has been accompanied by deep social conflicts, while in other instances unpopular social reforms received broad consent from opposition parties, trade unions and employer organizations. The analysis reveals trajectories of welfare reform in many countries that are more proactive and reconstructive than is often argued in academic research and the media. Alongside welfare retrenchments, there have been deliberate attempts to rebuild social programs and institutions to accommodate policy repertoires to the new economic and social realities of the 21st century in many advanced European welfare states. Welfare state change is work in progress, leading to patchwork mixes of old and new policies and institutions, on the lookout, perhaps, for greater coherence. Unsurprisingly, that search process remains incomplete, resulting from the institutionally bounded and contingent adaptation to new social realities.

Recommended Reading
2009-08-31 Incomplete Revolution: Adapting to Women's New Roles Polity
ISBN 0745643167 ISBN-13 9780745643168

Our future depends very much on how we respond to three great challenges of the new century, all of which threaten to increase social inequality: first, how we adapt institutions to the new role of women - the incomplete revolution' of our time; second, how we prepare our children for the knowledge economy; and, third, how we respond to the new demography, in particular low fertility and an ageing population.

In this new book Gsta Esping-Andersen - the leading analyst of the welfare state - examines how different societies have responded to these challenges. It focuses especially on the quest for gender equality, on the role of families in the reproduction of social inequalities, and on major inequities associated with an ageing population. Through comparative analysis he seeks to identify the kinds of welfare state reform that can optimize not only individuals' life chances but also collective welfare. The intellectual ambition is, in other words, to identify the mainsprings of a new and superior form of social equilibrium.

This book will be of great interest to anyone concerned with gender and the changing role of women, with social and public policy, and with the future of the welfare state.

Recommended Reading
2010-05-31 Work-Family Balance, Gender and Policy Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN 1849801703 ISBN-13 9781849801706

`This book provides a brilliant synthesis of comparative research on work-family policies with particular relevance to the emerging policy agenda in the UK. Jane Lewis is a profound thinker and graceful writer who leavens her theoretical sophistication with comprehensive attention to practical details.'
- Nancy Folbre, University of Massachusetts Amherst, US

`Jane Lewis is a brilliant conceptual innovator and gifted empirical analyst in the field of social policy. This book expertly illuminates the dramatically changing terrain of social policy with reference to employment, family and gender relations.'
- Ann Orloff, Northwestern University, US

Combining paid work with caring for children has become more difficult for families as women's working hours have increased. Over the past decade the issue of work-family balance has reached a more prominent place on the policy agenda of many Western European countries. However the preoccupations of governments have been largely instrumental, focusing particularly on the goal of increasing female employment rates in order to achieve greater competitiveness and economic growth, and also in many countries on raising fertility rates and promoting children's early learning.

This important book looks at the three main components of work-family policy packages - childcare services, flexible working patterns and entitlements to leave from work in order to care - across EU15 Member States, with comparative reference to the US. It also provides an in-depth examination of developments in the UK. Variations in national priorities, policy instruments, established policy orientations and the context for policy making in terms of employment patterns, fertility behavior and attitudes towards work and care are highlighted.

Gender inequalities in the division of paid and unpaid work underpin the whole issue of work-family balance. But what constitutes gender equality in this crucial policy field? Jane Lewis argues that in spite of growing political emphasis on the importance of `choice', a `real' choice to engage in either or both the socially necessary activities of paid and unpaid work has remained elusive.

Work-Family Balance, Gender and Policy is essential reading for students and scholars who wish to understand the complex challenges facing families and family policy and the opportunities for the future.

Recommended Reading
2002-10-24 Why We Need a New Welfare State Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199256438 ISBN-13 9780199256433

Leading scholars in the field examine the highly topical issue of the future the welfare state in Europe. They argue that welfare states need to adjust and examine which kind of welfare architecture will further Europe's stated goal of maximum social inclusion and justice. This volume concentrates on four principle social domains; the aged and transition to retirement; the welfare issues related to profound changes in working life; the risks and needs that arise in households and, especially, in child families; and the challenges of creating gender equality.

Recommended Reading
1992-05-29 The Politics of Social Solidarity: Class Bases of the European Welfare State, 1875-1975 Cambridge University Press
ISBN 0521428939 ISBN-13 9780521428934

This book examines the social bases of the European welfare state, and the interests developed in or against social policy by various classes of society, during the period 1875-1975 in Britain, France, Germany, Denmark, and Sweden. By analyzing the competing concerns of different social "actors" that lie behind the evolution of social policy, it explains why some nations had an easy time in developing a generous and solidaristic welfare state while others fought long and entrenched battles. In particular, the book examines the period after the Second World War and looks in detail at the state developed by the bourgeoisie in welfare policies. By casting its net across five nations and a whole century, the book attempts to establish a broad logic of interest behind the welfare state based on a very extensive range of archival material.

Recommended Reading
1989 The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism Polity Press
ISBN 0745607969 ISBN-13 9780745607962
Recommended Reading
2016-02-05 Understanding EU Decision-Making Springer
ISBN 3319223739 ISBN-13 9783319223735

This book presents in a concise and accessible way why the EU institutional system exists in its present form, how the EU fits into the world as a system of governance, and who is involved in EU policy processes. It outlines the historical context which has shaped the EU system, gives a summary of the system's basic principles and structures, and describes its actors, procedures and instruments. The main theme is to show that EU decision-making is not just a matter of action at some higher and separate level, of them and us, but rather that it involves different forms of cooperation between European, national and regional authorities, as well as interaction between public and private actors. Numerous short case studies illustrate how peoples day-to-day activities are affected by EU decisions, and how individuals concerns are represented in the decision-making process. The book provides insights and examples which will be very helpful for all students of European integration. It will also be a valuable resource for European citizens wishing to understand the basic realities and rationales, as well as some of the dilemmas, behind EU policy-making.

Recommended Reading
2015-02-11 Policy-Making in the European Union (The New European Union Series) Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199689679 ISBN-13 9780199689675

Constantly evolving, and with far-reaching implications, European Union policy-making is of vital importance to the politics of the European Union. Featuring work by expert contributors, Policy-Making in the European Union, Seventh Edition, explores the link between the modes and mechanisms of EU policy-making and its implementation at the national level, helping students to engage with key policy-related issues.

First defining the processes, institutions, and modes of policy-making, the text then analyzes a wide range of policy areas in greater detail than any competing text--from economics to the environment, and from security to the single market--in both a practical and theoretical context, navigating policy in all its complexity. It concludes with a clear assessment of the challenges that have shaped and will continue to shape policy-making, including enlargement, the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty, and the impacts of the global financial crisis.

Recommended Reading
2010 The Government and Politics of the European Union. Palgrave MacM. 2010. Palgrave MacM
ISBN 0230241182 ISBN-13 9780230241183
Recommended Reading
2012-05-04 The Institutions of the European Union (The New European Union Series) Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199574987 ISBN-13 9780199574988

The Institutions of the European Union is the key text for anyone wishing to understand the functions, powers, and composition of the EU's institutions. From the Council of Ministers to the European Central Bank, all of the most important organizations are analysed and explained by international experts.

The third edition has been fully updated and includes the impact of the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the financial crisis in the Eurozone on the EU's institutions. Authoritative yet accessible, it remains the best guide to how this range of different bodies work together to provide political direction, manage policies, and integrate contrasting interests within the European Union.

Recommended Reading
2014-04-13 Origins and Evolution of the European Union (New European Union Series) Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199570825 ISBN-13 9780199570829

This well-respected text provides a lively, comprehensive, and authoritative account of the emergence and evolution of the European Union from the aftermath of the Second World War to the uncertainties of the present era. It explains the forces, events, and individuals that have shaped one of the most unusual and controversial political entities in history. This second edition, which forms part of the successful New EU series, covers key issues including the antecedents of European integration in the years before the Second World War; the challenges of reconstruction and reconciliation in the early post-war period; the ups and downs of European integration in 1960s and 1970s; the acceleration of European integration in the late 1980s and early 1990s; almost-continuous enlargement; the eurozone crisis; the constitutionalization of the EU; and Britain's troubled membership. The text is updated throughout and includes new chapters focusing on Britain and European integration, and the constitutionalization of the EU.

Further reading guides encourage students to develop their interest and understanding, and this text is one of many OUP EU titles supported by an online resource centre including:

Maps of enlargement
Journal articles
Interactive map of Europe
Interactive timeline
Web links

Recommended Reading
2012-12-05 The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law - La Cour de Justice et la Construction de ... de Jurisprudence (English and French Edition) T.M.C. Asser Press
ISBN 9067048968 ISBN-13 9789067048965

This book is a contributed volume published by the Court of Justice of the European Union on the occasion of its 60th anniversary. It provides an insight to the 60 years of case-law of the Court of Justice and its role in the progress of European Integration. The book includes contributions from eminent jurists from almost all the EU Member States. All the main areas of European Union are covered in a systematic way. The contributions are regrouped in four chapters dedicated respectively to the role of the Court of Justice and the Judicial Architecture of the European Union, the Constitutional Order of the European Union, the Area of EU Citizens and the European Union in the World. The topics covered remain of interest for several years to come. This unique book, a "must-have" reference work for Judges and Courts of all EU Members States and candidate countries, and academics and legal professionals who are active in the field of EU law, is also valuable for Law Libraries and Law Schools in Europe, the United States of America, Latin America, Asia and Africa and law students who focus their research and studies in EU law.

Recommended Reading
2014-10-01 Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick Law of the European Convention on Human Rights Oxford University Press
ISBN 0199606390 ISBN-13 9780199606399

Harris, O'Boyle, and Warbrick's seminal textbook Law of the European Convention on Human Rights, is an indispensable resource for undergraduates, postgraduates, and practitioners alike.

The third edition builds on the strengths of previous editions, providing an up-to-date and comprehensive account of Strasbourg case law and its underlying principles. It sets out and critically analyses each Convention article, and examines the system of supervision. With its detailed exploration of the extent of the Convention's influence upon the legal development of the contracting states, the book reveals exactly how such a powerful authority has been achieved and maintained.

Recommended Reading
2015-03-24 Fundamental Rights in the EU: A Matter for Two Courts (Modern Studies in European Law) Hart Publishing
ISBN 1849467072 ISBN-13 9781849467070

This collection joins the new and expanding scholarship on the protection of fundamental rights in Europe, and it reflects on the relationship between the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The book questions whether the changes introduced by the Lisbon Treaty align the CJEU to the ECtHR's interpretation and methods, triggering different processes of institutionalization within a coherent European system. These issues are explored through a contextual analysis of areas of law, such as equality rights in employment law, citizenship and migration, internet law, and access to justice. The book includes perspectives from the scholarly community, as well as practitioners, judges, and European policy makers. It also examines the state of accession of the EU to the European Convention on Human Rights and considers the legal implications of the accession for the protection of the fundamental rights of EU citizens and individuals legally residing in Europe. (Series: Modern Studies in European Law) [Subject: EU Law, Human Rights Law]

Recommended Reading
2014-03-19 Human Rights Law in Europe: The Influence, Overlaps and Contradictions of the EU and the ECHR (Routledge Research in Human Rights Law) Routledge
ISBN 0415825997 ISBN-13 9780415825993

This book provides analysis and critique of the dual protection of human rights in Europe by assessing the developing legal relationship between the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The book offers a comprehensive consideration of the institutional framework, adjudicatory approaches, and the protection of material rights within the law of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). It particularly explores the involvement and participation of stakeholders in the functioning of the EU and the ECtHR, and asks how well the new legal model of the EU under the ECtHR compares to current EU law, the ECHR and general international law.

Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter sets out specific case-studies that illustrate the tensions and synergies emergent from the EU-ECHR relationship. In so doing, the book highlights the overlap and dialectic between Europes two primary international courts. The book will be of great interest to students and researchers of European Law and Human Rights.

Recommended Reading
2013-10-01 Reforming the Common European Asylum System Legislative developments and judicial activism of the European Courts (SpringerBriefs in Law) Springer
ISBN 3642402666 ISBN-13 9783642402661

In June 2013, after lengthy and complex negotiations the EU adopted the recast asylum package which represents a significant step forward in the future development of CEAS.

In this timely study Velluti provides fresh insights into recent legislative and judicial developments in asylum and through the lens of sovereignty she looks at some of the contemporary challenges faced by the EU protection regime, with a particular focus on asylum-seekers rights.

The volume assesses whether the EU provides an adequate framework for protecting those seeking international protection from the opposing perspectives of effectiveness and fairness. It shows that, despite the newly adopted second-generation legislative acts which include changes aimed at ensuring a stronger level of protection for asylum-seekers, the reform process at European level does not adequately ensure an equal standard of protection across all Member States.

Through a comparative analysis of selected ECtHR and ECJ asylum cases the book also examines the constitutional relationship between the two European Courts and how it impacts on the human rights of asylum-seekers and on the future of EU asylum law.  

Ultimately, the book shows that real progress in the development of the human rights dimension of CEAS will be achieved largely through the European and domestic courts. 

Recommended Reading
2007-04-09 The European Court and Civil Society: Litigation, Mobilization and Governance (Themes in European Governance) Cambridge University Press
ISBN 0521671817 ISBN-13 9780521671811

The European Union today stands on the brink of radical institutional and constitutional change. The most recent enlargement and proposed legal reforms reflect a commitment to democracy: stabilizing political life for citizens governed by new regimes, and constructing a European Union more accountable to civil society. Despite the perceived novelty of these reforms, this book explains (through quantitative data and qualitative case analyses) how the European Court of Justice has developed and sustained a vibrant tradition of democratic constitutionalism since the 1960s. The book documents the dramatic consequences of this institutional change for civil society and public policy reform throughout Europe. Cichowski offers detailed empirical and historical studies of gender equality and environmental protection law across fifteen countries and over thirty years, revealing important linkages between civil society, courts and the construction of governance. The findings bring into question dominant understandings of legal integration.

Recommended Reading
2010-12-10 The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: From Declaration to Binding Instrument (Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice) Springer
ISBN 9400701551 ISBN-13 9789400701557

The first part of the book reviews the multi-level system of protection currently operating in Europe and its constitutional implications. The Charter is analysed from a legal, political and practical standpoint. The activity of the European Parliament as a fundamental rights actor will also be examined, as well as the right to a fair trial and to effective judicial protection before and by the EU Courts. The second part of the volume addresses the impact of a binding Charter on specific areas of EU Law. The order in which the contributions have been set out reflects the structure of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union: free circulation of persons; the internal market; the area of freedom security and justice (civil and criminal aspects); social rights protection; environmental policy; enlargement; international trade and the Common Foreign and Security Policy.

Recommended Reading
2011-07-25 Reforming Long-term Care in Europe Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN 1444338730 ISBN-13 9781444338737

Reforming Long-term Care in Europe offers the most up-to-date analysis of the features and developments of long-term care in Europe. Each chapter focuses on a key question in the policy debate in each country and offers a description and analysis of each system.

  • Offers the very latest analysis of long-term care reform agendas in Europe
  • Compares countries comparatively less studied with the experiences of reform in Germany, the UK, Netherlands and Sweden
  • Each chapter focuses on a key question in the policy debate in each country and portrays a description and analysis of each system
  • Contributions from a wide range of European scholars for an exceptionally broad perspective

Recommended Reading
2009-10-07 United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America (International Policy Exchange) Oxford University Press
ISBN 0195376633 ISBN-13 9780195376630

Since the advent of the European Union, politicians have increasingly emphasized the notion of a European social model as an alternative to the American form of market capitalism, which is seen as promoting economic growth without regard for solidarity and social progress. As this political discourse has advanced, social scientists and academic policy analysts have raised questions concerning the extent to which the E.U. and U.S. social models exist outside the minds of diplomats and politicians seeking to stitch together a common identity. How much unity is there still within Europe after the Eastern enlargements have considerably increased economic and cultural diversity? To whatever extent one might discern a distinct set of commonalities that represent the core of a European approach, how different are the European characteristics of social, economic, and political life from those of America?

Addressing these issues, this book systematically analyzes how much European countries and the United States have in common and how much variation we find within the enlarged European Union in eight central spheres of socio-economic and political life: employment, equality/mobility, educational opportunity, integration of immigrants, democratic functioning, political participation, rights to welfare, and levels of public spending. Drawing on empirical analyses by U.S. and European scholars who represent multi-disciplinary backgrounds, each of these topics is put under scrutiny. The results of this study illuminate points of convergence and divergence as seen from the perspectives of scholars from both sides of the Atlantic.

Recommended Reading
2014-10-07 Young People and Social Policy in Europe: Dealing with Risk, Inequality and Precarity in Times of Crisis (Work and Welfare in Europe) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 1137370513 ISBN-13 9781137370518

This edited collection provides the first in-depth analysis of social policies and the risks faced by young people. The book explores the effects of both the economic crisis and austerity policies on the lives of young Europeans, examining both the precarity of youth transitions, and the function of welfare state policies.

Recommended Reading
2015-10-13 Social Policy and the Eurocrisis: Quo Vadis Social Europe (Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics) Palgrave Macmillan

Whatever happened to Social Europe? The promise of Jacques Delors seems to have spawned a flurry of European Union directives, yet has since fizzled out. This edited volume, bringing together a team of international interdisciplinary experts from across Europe, systematically explores the EU's social policy activities, both before and after the Eurocrisis. The contributors examine how and why the great expectations remained unfulfilled, but also move the scholarly debate beyond the emphasis on courts and markets. European Commission policy entrepreneurship, eastern enlargement, the shifting ideological contours of European Social Democracy, and the spirit of the Lisbon Agenda have all led to market creation taking strong precedence over market correcting policies. This insightful and comprehensive volume will be of great interest to European Union scholars and practitioners alike.

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2008-06-25 EU Social and Employment Law: Policy and Practice in an Enlarged Europe Oxford University Press
ISBN 1904501532 ISBN-13 9781904501534

This timely book provides a distinctively broad-based approach to EU employment law, covering related social policy and anti-discrimination measures, as well as a detailed overview of how policy and law are made. It derives from a section in the looseleaf Law of the EU (Vaughan & Robertson, eds), and is made available here in a revised and expanded form for the benefit of those who don't subscribe to the looseleaf. It analyses in detail EU legislation and case law in the areas of collective and individual employment rights, including redundancies, transfers of undertakings, working time, part-time and fixed term and temporary employment. The author further considers the important provisions and case-law concerning equality of treatment on the basis of gender, race, age, disability and religion. EU Social and Employment Law offers essential expertise in this increasingly important and fast changing area of European law.

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2015-07-14 Gender Equality Policy in the European Union: A Fast Track to Parity for the New Member States (Gender and Politics) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 1137437162 ISBN-13 9781137437167

One of the solutions proposed by the European Union to remedy the effects of the 2008 economic crisis is to increase female labour participation. This book explores the policy changes in four new member states that may reduce the gender employment gap and improve women's equal participation in the labour force.

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2014-06-17 Legislating Equality: The Politics of Antidiscrimination Policy in Europe Oxford University Press
ISBN 0198709013 ISBN-13 9780198709015

The development of antidiscrimination policy in Europe closely mirrored European Union deepening in the 1990s, but its roots lie in developments during the 1980s. Actors in the European Parliament saw a political opening for action with the rise of the radical right in places like France and Germany. In the 1980s and early 1990s, racist acts of violence and the stunning success of radical right political parties across Europe catapulted the issues of immigration, xenophobia, fascism, and racism to the forefront. The European Parliament was only beginning to take on a more important role in the supranational structures that were under construction during the 1980s, but it would play a key role in the development of an anti-racism agenda and what would ultimately become racial antidiscrimination policy for the European Union. Legislating Equality begins by examining the evolving discourses around racism in Europe from the mid-1980s through the late 1990s. The authors then link these discourses and country level starting points to the political and social factors which influenced the development of antidiscrimination policy. Examining the role of the European Parliament, Commission, and key societal actors in the passage of the Racial Equality Directive in 2000. It then goes on to examine the transposition of the EU directives into national law and the implementation of antidiscrimination policy. Legislating Equality argues that these processes were impacted by the slow-down in European integration in the early 2000s as well as political pressure from more conservative governments than had initially passed the legislation at the EU level.

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2012-11-14 Anti-Racist Movements in the EU: Between Europeanisation and National Trajectories Palgrave Macmillan

Successive EU treaties may have instituted a common framework for fighting racial discrimination and intolerance across Europe, but it is a framework that masks the significant differences that arise as a result of national context: for example, pre-existing national anti-racist policies and legislation; the degree of success, character and development of anti-racist movements as well as the political, socio-economic and cultural context in which these policies and movements arise. The aim of this book is to provide an understanding of these different national contexts by exploring the nature of anti-racist movements in six different EU member states and their relationship to political institutions and policy-making, while also reflecting on the impact of the new European sphere of decision-making.

Drawing on extensive primary research involving interviews with movement and policy actors at the national and EU level, the book sheds light on the nature of racism and responses to it across Europe, analysing the impact of Europeanisation of policy-making on the sector, and exploring north-south and east-west differences and patterns of convergence.

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2015-07-16 Compliance Patterns with EU Anti-Discrimination Legislation Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 1137495189 ISBN-13 9781137495181

This book provides an in-depth and timely analysis of the member states' compliance patterns with the key European Union Anti-Discrimination Directives. It examines the various structural, administrative, and individual aspects which significantly affect the degree and the nature of compliance patterns in select European Union member states.

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2013-09-04 Theorizing European Societies Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 0230251528 ISBN-13 9780230251526

Explores key sociological concepts and theory in relation to European crises, identity, inequality and social order. It offers a firm understanding of the modernization of Europe and everyday European life, while not neglecting the historical context. Essential reading for students of sociology in European contexts.

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2014-04-14 Understanding the European Union: A Concise Introduction (The European Union Series) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 1137362324 ISBN-13 9781137362322

This best-selling textbook provides a broad-ranging but concise introduction to the EU, covering all major aspects of European integration. The revised and updated new edition takes full account of the political and economic impact of the Eurozone crisis.

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2016-02-15 The European Identity: Historical and Cultural Realities We Cannot Deny (Haus Curiosities) Haus Publishing
ISBN 1910376175 ISBN-13 9781910376171

Whatif anythingdo the twenty-eight member states of the European Union have in common? Amidst all the variety, can one even speak of a European identity? In this timely book, Stephen Green explores these questions and argues for the necessity of the European voice in the international community.

Green points out that Europeans can readily define the differences that separate them from others around the globe, but they have yet to clearly define their own similarities across member states. He argues that Europe has something distinctive and vitally important to offer: the experience of a unique journey through centuries of exploration and conflict, errors and lessons, soul-searching and rebuildingan evolution of universal significance.

Coming at a time when the divisions in European culture have been laid bare by recent financial crises and calls for independence, The European Identity identifies one of the biggest challenges for all of the member states of the European Union.

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2010-08-28 Rescaling Social Policies towards Multilevel Governance in Europe: Social Assistance, Activation and Care for Older People (Public Policy and Social Welfare) Routledge
ISBN 1409410218 ISBN-13 9781409410218

The workings of multi-level governance -- institutional choices concerning centralisation, decentralisation and subsidiarity -- are widely debated within European public policy, but few systematic studies assessing the effects of changing divisions of power for policy-making have been carried out. This volume offers an assessment of the workings of multi-level governance in terms of social welfare policy across different clusters of European states -- Nordic, Southern European, Central and East European. This book reports on a major comparative study at the European Centre for Social Welfare policy and Research, which included partners from univerisities in Finland, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Poland, Spain and Switzerland. It reports on three particular policy areas: social assistance and local policies against poverty; activation and labour market policies; and care for the elderly. The authors describe different starting points, strategies and solutions in European countries which are facing similar challenges and could thus learn from each other. They explore the differences between European welfare regimes in terms of territorial responsibilities, the changes that have taken place over the past few years and their effects. The book is distinctive in highlighting comparative transversal and transnational issues of multi-level governance in social welfare policies, rather than presenting country reports.

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2013-12-01 Children, Families, and States: Time Policies of Childcare, Preschool, and Primary Education in Europe (Studies in Contemporary European History) Berghahn Books
ISBN 1782380957 ISBN-13 9781782380955

Due to the demand for flexible working hours and employees who are available around the clock, the time patterns of childcare and schooling have increasingly become a political issue. Comparing the development of different "time policies" of half-day and all-day provisions in a variety of Eastern and Western European countries since the end of World War II, this innovative volume brings together internationally known experts from the fields of comparative education, history, and the social and political sciences, and makes a significant contribution to this new interdisciplinary field of comparative study.

Cristina Allemann-Ghionda is Professor of Comparative Education at the University of Cologne.

Karen Hagemann is James G. Kenan Distinguished Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Konrad H. Jarausch is Lurcy Professor of European Civilization at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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2014-10-21 Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe Springer
ISBN 1493922254 ISBN-13 9781493922253

Family policy holds a particular status in the quest for a more equitable world as it intersects the rights of women, children, and workers. But despite local and global efforts and initiatives, the state of family policy in different areas of the world varies widely.

Through a cross-section of countries on six continents, Family Policies Across the Globe offers the current state of the laws concerning family life, structure, and services, providing historical, cultural, and socioeconomic context. Lucidly written chapters analyze key aspects of family definition, marriage, child well-being, work/family balance, and family assistance, reviewing underlying social issues and controversies as they exist in each country. Details of challenges to implementation and methods of evaluating policy outcomes bring practical realities into sharp focus, and each chapter concludes with recommendations for improvement at the research, service, and governmental levels. The result is an important comparative look at how governments support families, and how societies perceive themselves as they evolve. Among the issues covered:

  • Sierra Leone: toward sustainable family policies.
  • Russia: folkways versus state-ways.
  • Japan: policy responses to a declining population.
  • Australia: reform, revolutions, and lingering effects.
  • Canada: a patchwork policy.
  • Colombia: a focus on policies for vulnerable families.


, professors and graduate students in the fields of social policy, child and family studies, psychology, sociology, and social work will find in Family Policies Across the Globe a reference that will grow in importance as world events continue to develop.

Recommended Reading
2016-03-15 Fatherhood in the Nordic Welfare States: Comparing Care Policies and Practice Policy Press
ISBN 1447310489 ISBN-13 9781447310488

The Nordic countries are known worldwide for their extensive welfare system and gender equality, which enables both parents to hold jobs, earn money, and care for their children. In this volume, scholars from the Nordic countries, as well as from the United States and the United Kingdom, explore the effects of these policies on fatherhood, and how the policies that support it contribute to shaping and influencing the image, role, and practice of fathers in a diversity of family settings.

Recommended Reading
2013-09-05 Public Attitudes toward Family Policies in Europe: Linking Institutional Context and Public Opinion Springer VS
ISBN 3658035765 ISBN-13 9783658035761

Family-policy variation in Europe is still enormous and there is very limited knowledge about the publics attitudes toward family-policy measures in a comparative perspective. This book addresses this research gap by combing a profound analysis of existing family-policy measures with a thorough analysis of public attitudes. Based on institutional theory, which argues that institutions structure the processes of orientation, the empirical analyses shed light on the relationship between the current family-policy setup, the social context, and public attitudes toward particular family-policy measures in 12 countries of the European Union. The results demonstrate that the social context needs to be taken into account in order to improve our understanding of attitudinal variation among different countries and family-policy contexts. Moreover, this book points out that only few patterns of social polarization are quasi universal whereas many others are specific to individual countries or certain groups of countries.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Buchs, M. (2007), New Governance in European Social Policy: The Open Method of Co-ordination. London: Palgrave.

Cousins, M. (2005), European Welfare State: Comparative Perspectives. London: Sage.

Fernadez, S. (2009), General Theory of Corporatism: a historical pattern of EU Social Policy. VDM Verlag.

Hansen, P. and Hager, S.B. (2012), The Politics of European Citizenship: Deepening Contradictions in Social Rights and Migration policy. Berhahn Books.

Hantrais, L. (2007), Social Policy in the European Union (3rd edition). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lawson, A. and Gooding, C. (2005), Disability Rights in Europe: from theory to practice. Hart Publishing

Mau, S. and Verwiebe, R. (2010), European Societies: mapping structure and change. Bristol: Policy Press.

Nugent, N. (2010), The Government and Politics of the European Union (7th edition). London. Palgrave Macmillan.

Preece, D.V. (2009), Dismantling Social Europe: The Political Economy of Social Policy in the EU. First Formum Press.

Wilke, F. (2010), From European Identity to a Social Europe?: An Empirical Evaluation of European Identity and public support of social policy. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Other Resources

Electronic access to European Journal of Public Policy; Journal of European Social Policy;

Additional Information