EURO07007 2016 European Affairs: Lobbying and Representation in the EU

General Details

Full Title
European Affairs: Lobbying and Representation in the EU
Transcript Title
Lobbying and the EU
N/A %
Subject Area
EURO - European Studies
MRKT - Marketing, Tourism and Leisure
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Joan Morrison
Programme Membership
SG_BBUSS_B07 201600 Bachelor of Business in Business L7 SG_BEMBE_G07 201600 Bachelor of Business in Embedded award of BB Ab-initio L8 SG_BMARK_J07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Business in Marketing L7 (Add On) SG_BINTR_J07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Business in International Marketing Erasmus SG_BMKTG_J07 201900 Bachelor of Business in Marketing L7 (Add On) SG_BADMN_B07 202100 Bachelor of Business in Business Administration L7 SG_BBUSI_H08 202100 Bachelor of Business (Honours) in Business L8 (Ab-initio) SG_BBUSS_B07 202100 Bachelor of Business in Business L7 SG_BADDO_J07 202100 Bachelor of Business in Business SG_BADMN_J07 202100 Bachelor of Business in Business Administration L7

This module provides an exploration and understanding of interest representation and lobbying in the European Union.  The significance of 'interests' for everyday policy-making, European integration and the democratic legitimacy of the EU is examined. Practical exercises will introduce students to the main EU players and aid in analysis of the various interest groups  - business interests, labour interests, citizen interests.  Simulated EU Commission, Parliament and/or Council of Ministers meetings will explore how lobbying impacts the policy- and decision-making process.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Appraise the European Union as being 'different' from conventional international organisations


Identify and evaluate the EU decision-making and channels of influence


Appreciate the variety of interests in Europe


Appreciate the different approaches of lobby groups stemming from geographical origin, type and size of organisation and thus exhibiting particular preferences, resources and lobbying styles


Identify and appraise the activities of lobbyists and pressure groups working in Brussels


Prepare and defend a position for a simulated EU Commission or Council of Ministers meeting


Analyse and appraise a lobbying strategy document of a Brussels based interest group

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Teaching and Learning methods include formal lectures, class discussion, guest lectures, group work/presentation, a Simulation Exercise  and a Cultural Trip (when time and budget allows). Moodle Quizzes are used for formative assessment in this module. 

Module Assessment Strategies

Continuous Assessment - individual/group  project, Simulation meeting of an EU Council/Commission Meeting; Moodle Quizzes are used for formative assessment. A final written exam with a choice of questions.

Repeat Assessments

Repeat project and a written 'repeat' exam, as appropriate.

Indicative Syllabus

Regional integration and the international system:
- different degrees of cooperation between state
- the European Union as an experiment in regional integration
EU decision-making and Channels of Influence
The commission, The European Parliament and The Council of Ministers
Routes of influence - the 'national route', the 'Brussels route'
Lobbying and Interest Representation in the European Union
- theories of interest group politics
Lobbying Europe - Interest groups and EU Policy-Making
Business interests - the large firm as a political actor
Trade Unions, public interests and social movements
Territorial Interests: at the heart of mulilevel governance

The Regulation of Lobbying
European Transparency Initiative and the European Commission Lobbying register
Simulated Meeting
- workings of the EU with a simulated meeting of Council of Ministers or Commission or European Parliament Committee and corresponding interest group representation

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
50 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
50 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Case Study Appraisal of Interest Representation Groups Formative Multiple Choice - % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5,6
2 Formative and Summative Assessment Oral/Written Presentation on Lobbying Strategy Continuous Assessment Assessment 25 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5,6
3 Continuous Assessment Team Project and/or EU Simulation Meeting Continuous Assessment Assignment 25 % Week 9 1,2,3,4,5

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Written and/or oral exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 50 % End of Term 1,2,3,4,5,6,7

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Lecture 2 Weekly 2.00
Seminar Lecture Theatre Lecture Seminar 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Literature reviews, essay writing 4 Weekly 4.00
Cultural Trip Not Specified Cultural Study Trip 0 Once Per Semester 0.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2011-09-15 Interest Representation in the European Union (The European Union Series) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 0230271944 ISBN-13 9780230271944

The fully revised third edition of this highly-acclaimed book provides an authoritative and comprehensive assessment of the role of organized interests in the everyday policy-making of the EU, and of the significance of interest representation for European integration and for the democratic legitimacy of the EU.

Recommended Reading
2011-07-19 Regional Representations in the EU: Between Diplomacy and Interest Mediation: Between Diplomacy and Interest Mediation (Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics) Palgrave Macmillan

What are regional representations in the European Union? What do they hope to achieve? Since the mid-1980s, sub-state actors in the EU such as county councils, Lnder, Autonomous Communities, local, municipal and city authorities have been opening representative offices in Brussels mini 'embassies' for their territories. Although on the surface these representations might look the same, in practice they operate according to very different dynamics. Whilst some rival national governments for a stake in EU policy development, others have more modest ambitions. This book offers a comprehensive assessment of the burgeoning phenomenon of regional representation in the EU. Considering evidence from old member states as well as those which joined the EU more recently, it looks at where strategies and aims differ, positioning various 'types' of representation closer to the work of embassies or to that carried out by lobbying groups. The author also considers how regional representations contribute to our understanding of multi-level governance in the EU.

Recommended Reading
2009-04-06 Lobbying the European Union: Institutions, Actors, and Issues OUP Oxford

It is universally accepted that there has been a huge growth in EU lobbying over the past few decades. There is now a dense EU interest group system. This entirely new volume, inspired by Mazey & Richardson's 1993 book Lobbying in the European Community, seeks to understand the role of interest groups in the policy process from agenda-setting to implementation. Specifically, the book is interested in observing how interest groups organise to
influence the EU institutions and how they select different coalitions along the policy process and in different policy domains.

In looking at 20 years of change, the book captures processes of institutional and actor learning, professionalisation of lobbying, and the possible emergence of a distinct EU public policy style. More specifically, from the actors' perspective, the editors are interested in assessing how the rise of direct lobbying and the emergence of fluid issue-based coalitions has changed the logic of collective action, and what is the potential impact of 'venue-shopping' on reputation and influence. From
an institutional perspective, the contributors explore resource and legitimacy demands, and the practical impact of consultation processes on the emergence of a distinct EU lobbying relationship. It will be essential reading for academics and practitioners alike.

Recommended Reading
2014-10-06 The European Union: What it is and how it works (The European Union Series) Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 1137427523 ISBN-13 9781137427526

The European Union affects the lives of Europeans in many and varied ways, yet, in spite of its reach, it often appears a constrained political system struggling for internal consensus, reliant on the agreement of national governments, and hampered by the scepticism of electorates. These issues have become even more acute in the wake of the global economic and eurozone crises. This new text provides a concise and up-to-date introduction to the nature of the European Union, giving an account of its evolution and structure that makes sense of its current challenges.

The text analyses the EU's institutional structure and decision-making procedures, and highlights the manifold conflicts as well as the sophisticated mechanisms for consensus-building among the core institutions. It explains the ways in which the EU differs from other forms of political order, and how this leads to political processes that are characterized by cooperation and conflict. In providing this context, the author invites readers to a critical assessment of the functioning of the European Union, and of the implications of this for its democratic legitimacy and future prospects.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Core Text:
John Greenwood (2011) Interest Representation in the European Union  Palgrave Macmillan (3rd ed)

Recommended Reading:
Klüver, Heike (2010): Europeanization of lobbying activities: When national interest groups spill over to the European level, Journal of European Integration, 32, 2, 175-191 
 Eising, R. (2006) ‘Interest Groups and the European Union' in: M. Cini European Union Politics. Second Edition Oxford University Press, pp. 202-21
McCormick John, 2008  Understanding the EU 4th editionPalgrave Ma cmillan
Desmond Dinan, (2004) Europe Recast Palgrave 2004
Bulmer and Lesquesne, (2005)The member States of the EU, Oxford University Press
Bloomberg et al (2008) The European Union  How does it work? Oxford University Press

URL Resources
Other Resources

Microphones in a meeting room setting for the simulation meetings

Additional Information

A cultural study trip and specialist guest lectures will feature as part of this module.