ENRG09020 2013 Environmental Analysis Retrofit of New Existing Buildings

General Details

Full Title
Environmental Analysis Retrofit of New Existing Buildings
Transcript Title
Eniro and Retrofit
N/A %
Subject Area
ENRG - Energy
MENG - Mech. and Electronic Eng.
09 - NFQ Level 9
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2013 - Full Academic Year 2013-14
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Peter Scanlon
Programme Membership
SG_EENRG_O09 201300 Postgraduate Diploma in Science in Energy Management SG_DINTE_M09 201300 Master of Arts in Interior Architecture SG_EENER_O09 201400 Postgraduate Diploma in Science in Energy Management

On completion of this module the learner will have an advanced understanding of the role of environmental analysis and energy performance of Buildings (New and Existing) including retrofitting and upgrading of existing buildings, and finally the student shall be able to apply Sustainable building Technologies to construction projects, through direct engagement with this field and industry.  

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of modelling software, and how simulated building behaviour compares with measuring the behaviour of a real building


Analyse and evaluate existing buildings and apply the ideas of sustainable renovation, eco refurbishment and upgrade to a given situation in industry through direct engagement with a live project/assessment of a building


Apply the principles concerned with environmental assessment methods to a building


Analysis of Building fabric and Sustainable Material selection for a given Building

Module Assessment Strategies

The Student will work on a 2500 word report with data gained from Digital analysis of a proposed upgrade/ retrofit of a given building, they are also required to report on evidence from the field/peer reviewed publications at the forefront of the field. In order to evaluate the merits of their strategy within the context of know orthodoxy this assessment must engage with a live industry partner to assess a given building.    

Indicative Syllabus

This Module is divided into a number of Topic as follows:

01 Retrofit and Building Analysis

Understanding our Buildings, Two lectures focusing on existing buildings (new and old) how they respond to changes, adaptive re-use and building fabric analysis of upgrade strategies.  

Upgrading a building interior in Traditional and Historic buildings, The lecture will focus on health and the interior environment, Principles for Eco-refurbishment/upgrade and the Policy Landscape, Conservation and Sustainability.

Passive Retrofit of Buildings, Thislecture will focus onstrategies for upgrading a building, for which thermal comfort can be achieved solely by post-heating or post-cooling of the fresh air mass by none mechanical needs, thus making the building thermal and energy efficient.

02 Building Analysis Fabric using WUFI and Therm Software:

There will be Four lectures given on the application and use of the above software followed by tutorial held online and in a lab.

03 Material Selection and Sustainability. 

Eco-Materials & Hazardous Materials: This lecture will focus the onenvironment and resource use in relation to Building materials, Waste creation and disposal, Hazardous Materials in Construction and use.

Material Selection and Sustainability Matrix: This lecture will cover consumption in use, resource implications, embodied energy and cost.

Cradle to Cradle, Sustainability, Resilience, Adaptation and upgrade of Buildings: These two lectures will cover Design for Disassembly, material strategies for Cradle to Cradle eliminating waste during construction and use. Sustainability and Resilience of the Built form in the face of fuel depletion and climate change, adaptation and upgrade of buildings within this paradigm.


Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Written Report on Building analysis and upgrade Continuous Assessment Assignment 100 % Week 12 1,2,3,4

Part Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Distance Learning Suite Lecture/class discussion 2 Weekly 2.00
Tutorial Distance Learning Suite Practicals/Projects 0.75 Weekly 0.75
Independent Learning Online Projects 4.25 Weekly 4.25
Total Part Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 2.75 Hours

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Recommended Reading (Non-Exhaustive) List:

Annink D., C. Boonstra & J. Mack (1995) Handbook of Sustainable Building: An Environmental Preference Method for Choosing Materials in Construction and Renovation.Totnes: Earthscan.

Beder, S. (2002) Global Spin: The corporate assault on environmentalism. London: Green Books.

Bevan R. & T. Woolley (2008) Hemp Lime Construction – A guide to building with hemp lime composites. Milton Keynes: IHS BRE Press.

Elkington, J. & J. Hailes (1988) The Green Consumer Guide: From Shampoo to Champagne, How to Buy Goods That Don’t Cost the Earth. London: Gollancz.

Foliente G., T. Lutzkendorf, P. Newton & P. Paevere P (eds) (2008) Proceedings of the World Sustainable Building Conference. Volumes 1,2 & 3. Avaialable at www.sb08.org

Griffiths, P.J., Kersey, J.R. & Smith R. (2003)  The construction industry mass balance: resource use, wastes and emissions. Crowthorne, Transport Research Laboratory.

Mason, K. (2006) Fuel for free? Rugby, Practical Action Publishing.

McDonough, W. & Braungart, M. (2002) Cradle to cradle: remaking the way we make things, North Point Press.

BRE (2003) EcoHomes 2003 Training Pre Course Material – BREEAM / EcoHomes p.11

BRE (2008) SAP 2005: The Government’s Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings.

Cole, R.J. and Brown, Z. (2009), ‘Reconciling human and automated intelligence in the provision of occupant comfort’, Intelligent Building International, 1 (1), pp. 39-55, available at: http://earthscan.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/earthscan/inbi/2009/00000001/00000001/art00004;jsessionid=1x4kxitm6zt0p.alexandra . Accessed 3 February 2011

Clements-Croome, D. (2004) Intelligent Buildings: Design, Management and Operation. London: Thomas Telford.

Wong, J. and Li, H. (2006) ‘Development of a conceptual model for the selection of intelligent building systems’, Building and Environment, 41 (8), pp. 1106-1123.

Doukas, H. et al. (2007) ‘Intelligent building energy management system using rule sets’, Building and Environment, 42 (10), pp. 3562-3569.

Wong, J.and Li, H. (2008) ‘Application of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in multi-criteria analysis of the selection of intelligent building systems’, Building and Environment, 43 (1), pp. 108-125.

CIBSE guide A – Environmental Design. (2006) The Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers

CIBSE applications manual AM11 – Building Energy and Environmental Modelling. The Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers.

Ramos G. & Ghisi E. (2010) Analysis of daylight calculated using the EnergyPlus programme. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 1948-195

Annink D., C. Boonstra & J. Mack (1995) Handbook of Sustainable Building: An Environmental Preference Method for Choosing Materials in Construction and Renovation.Totnes: Earthscan.

Beder, S. (2002) Global Spin: The corporate assault on environmentalism. London: Green Books.

Bevan R. & T. Woolley (2008) Hemp Lime Construction – A guide to building with hemp lime composites. Milton Keynes: IHS BRE Press.


URL Resources

AECB (2008) Projecting energy use and CO2 emissions from low energy buildings: A comparison of the Passivhaus Planning Package a (PHPP) and SAP. Page 1. Available at http://www.aecb.net/PDFs/Combined_PHPP_SAP_FINAL.pdf

AECB (2006) Minimising CO2 Emissions from New Homes: A review of how we predict and measure energy use in homes. Page 6. Available at: http://www.aecb.net/PDFs/NewHomesCO2Savings25May06.pdf

A copy of the Inventory of Carbon & Energy (ICE), which gives embodied energy figures for a range of products, is freely available: http://people.bath.ac.uk/cj219/

SECMOL (2006) Solar energy, students’ educational and cultural movement of Ladakh. Available online at: http://www.secmol.org/index.php

Malin, N. 2002. ‘Life-cycle Assessment for Buildings: Seeking the Holy Grail’. Environmental Building News. 11(3). Available at: http://www.buildinggreen.com/auth/article.cfm/2002/3/1/Life-Cycle-Assessment-for-Buildings-Seeking-the-Holy-Grail/

Fairclough, J. (2002) Rethinking Construction Innovation and Research. London: DTI. Available at http://www.bis.gov.uk/files/file14364.pdf

BRE. The Green Guide to Specification Online. Available at: http://www.thegreenguide.org.uk/

BSI (2008 a) BS ISO 15686-5:2008 Buildings and constructed assets. Service life planning. Life cycle costing. Available at http://www.bsigroup.com/en/Shop/Publication-Detail/?pid=000000000030101720

Build Desk http://www.builddesk.co.uk/

IES virtual environment modelling package www.iesve.com

Radiance is also available for free download http://radsite.lbl.gov/radiance/HOME.html It is almost impossible to use in this form, however, as it has no front end and is very complicated to configure. It has been embedded into the IES suite and also some CAD programs.

ESP-r can be freely downloaded http://www.esru.strath.ac.uk/software.htm It requires Unix to run.

GeDesign Builder www.designbuilder.co.uk A new and excellent front end to Energyplusorge Marshall’s Yellow House http://www.theyellowhouse.org.uk/

Ecovation from the Climate Outreach and Information Network (COIN) – lots of eco-renovation case studies http://ecovation.org.uk/htmldesigns/casestudies.html

The Carbon Trust’s management guide to low carbon refurbishment of non-domestic buildings, available directly from the East Midlands Centre for constructing the Built Environment http://emcbe.com/Reference-Library/Low carbon refurbishment of buildings - Management guide.pdf

EST Sustainable Refurbishment guide and housing type scenarios http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/business/Business/Housing-professionals/Existing-housing/House-types

The Technology Strategy Board’s Retrofit for the Future projects are collated in a database here, but only forecast figures seem to be available http://www.retrofitforthefuture.org/

Practical Action, smoke hoods http://practicalaction.org/smoke_hoods

‘Can Homes Ever Be Safe’ http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/builtenvironment/

Low Allergy Housing, Gaia Research Note


TED talk on the PBC case study http://www.ted.com/talks/kamal_meattle_on_how_to_grow_your_own_fresh_air.html

Green Spaces blog (linked to the PBC)


Court Farm Road Case Study, Green Spec http://www.greenspec.co.uk/retrofit-1930s-terrace-house.php

Unilever House, Bovis Lend Lease. http://www.building.co.uk/Journals/Builder_Group/Building/Best_Practice/attachments/BLL Unilever House Case St .pdf

Green Guide to Specification http://www.bre.co.uk/greenguide/podpage.jsp?id=2126

Green Spec http://www.greenspec.co.uk/building-products/all-categories/

Other Resources

Personal Computer or Laptop

Additional Information

The lecture will include industry engagment through guest lecture and or workshops