ENG09009 2014 Structural Assessment and Inspection

General Details

Full Title
Structural Assessment and Inspection
Transcript Title
N/A %
Subject Area
ENG - Engineering
CENG - Civil Eng. and Construction
09 - NFQ Level 9
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2014 - Full Academic Year 2014-15
End Term
2016 - Full Academic Year 2016-17
Brian McCann, Tomas O Flaherty, John Casserly
Programme Membership
SG_EMAIN_S09 201500 Level 9 Special Purpose Award in Engineering Road Maintenance Engineering

Engineering and Network Management (LASNTG). Structural Assessment Module, Specifically addressing structures associated with local and regional roads in Ireland.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Derive an understanding of bridge construction history, bridge types and construction techniques.


Evaluate and develop bridge management systems integrated with inspection and monitoring techniques


Define, quantify and formulate the concepts of masonry arch assessment. Apply principles to predicting the Maximum Allowable Bridge load.


Critically evaluate the application of bridge repair and strengthening techniques for concrete, steel and masonry arch bridges.


Appraise and advise on any limitations or shortcoming associated with proposals relating to bridge managment systems, bridge assessment, repair and improvement.


Evaluate and critically appraise defects in reinforced concrete, masonry and reinfored earth retaining structures

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Online lectures and project.

Module Assessment Strategies

Continuous assessment, final exam and project.

Repeat Assessments

Resubmission of failed project element and repeat exam.

Indicative Syllabus

The history of bridge construction and the development of the masonry arch bridge construction. Bridge classifications, bridge construction techniques, masonry arch bridges, suspension bridges, cable stayed bridges, tied arch bridges, balanced cantilever bridges, prestressed arch bridges, beam and slab bridge, integral bridges, composite bridge construction, steel truss bridges.

Bridge management systems: Road authorities and bridge stock, management system aims and objectives and techniques, inspection, assessment strengthening, rehabilitation programmes and technical approval procedures.

National Roads Authority (EIRSPAN)/ Local Authority (MAPROAD) / Irish Rail, bridge management systems.

Irish masonry arch bridges, sender and non-slender arches, skewed arches, masonry arch bridge inspection and assessment, the MEXE and modified MEXE Method, Mechanism/Equilibrium method, finite element bridge analyses . Arch bridge defects, repair and strengthening techniques. Protected structures and conservation principles.

Concrete beam and slab bridges, integral concrete bridges, concrete bridge inspections and assessment techniques, finite element bridge analyses of concrete beam and slab bridges. Concrete bridge defects, repair and strengthening techniques.

Steel deck, truss and composite bridges, bridge inspection and assessment techniques. Bridge bearing design and repair. Steel/composite bridge defects, repair, strengthening and replacement techniques.

Assessment of concrete and masonry retaining walls and reinforced earth structures. Defect strengthening and repair techniques.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
40 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
60 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Bridge Assessment Project Continuous Assessment Project 40 % OnGoing 1,2,4,6

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 60 % End of Term 1,3,4,5,6

Online Learning Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Classroom Equipped for OLL. Lecture 2 Weekly 2.00
Tutorial Not Specified Tutorial 1 Weekly 1.00
Workshop Not Specified Workshop 2.5 Twice Per Semester 0.33
Independent Learning Not Specified Project Learning 6.0 Weekly 6.00
Total Online Learning Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.33 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2000-11-01 The Manual of Bridge Engineering Thomas Telford Ltd
ISBN 0727727745 ISBN-13 9780727727749

The bridge engineering industry creates an ever-increasing variation of challenges. This landmark publication brings together all topics which are of interest to bridge engineers around the world in one comprehensive manual, and will quickly establish itself as an invaluable reference work. It not only provides a broad overview of the whole subject of bridge engineering, but also focuses on some of the detailed aspects of analysis, design, construction and maintenance. "The Manual of Bridge Engineering" will be a definitive text for practising civil and structural engineers in consulting firms and government agencies, bridge contractors, research institutes, universities and colleges - in short, all engineers involved in any aspect of the design, construction and repair, maintenance and refurbishment of bridges.The manual begins with a chapter introducing readers to all of the bridge types encountered in bridge construction, from the simplest beam, through arches, to the more complex cable stayed and suspension bridges, and describes their behaviour in a qualitative manner. The second chapter is devoted to the loads which have to be sustained by bridge structures, and in particular looks at traffic load specifications around the world. It covers the brief history of loading specifications, looks in detail at some current code specifications and makes reference to loads due to wind, temperature, shrinkage and construction. This chapter also introduces the reader to the concepts of load distribution and explains the use of influence lines in bridge design. The middle section of the manual deals with the analysis, design and the construction of the more commonly known bridge types.It discusses the analysis tools normally employed and explains the general design concepts - both globally and locally. Finally, for each particular bridge type, the modern methods of construction are explained. These chapters cover a vast area of work, and provide enough information for the understanding of the design process of many different kinds of bridges. The manual then deals with modern developments in the construction of bridges and the consideration of aluminium, fibre composites, bridge enclosures and intelligent structures. There are also chapters dealing with expansion joints, bearings, parapets, drainage, waterproofing, and substructures. The final chapters cover in some detail those topics akin to bridge management. These are vital for a full appreciation of bridge engineering, and give guidance on what is to be considered once the bridge has been commissioned.The subjects covered include protection of both concrete and steel (also with reference to scour protection), project planning, management systems and strategies, inspection, monitoring, assessment and repair and strengthening.

Recommended Reading
2012-03-26 Bridge Engineering, Third Edition McGraw-Hill Professional
ISBN 0071752498 ISBN-13 9780071752497

The state of the art in highway bridge engineering

Fully updated with the latest codes and standards, including load and resistance factor design (LRFD), Bridge Engineering, Third Edition covers highway bridge planning, design, construction, maintenance, and rehabilitation. This thoroughly revised reference contains cutting-edge analytical, design, and construction practices, the most current information on new materials and methods, and proven, cost-effective maintenance and repair techniques. Real-world case studies and hundreds of helpful photos and illustrations are also included in this practical resource.


  • Highway bridge structures
  • Project inception
  • Project funding
  • Design standards
  • Bridge inspection and site survey
  • Physical testing
  • As-built plans and other record data
  • Superstructure types
  • Deck types
  • Wearing surface types
  • Deck joint types
  • Design loads
  • Design methods
  • Internal forces
  • Load distribution
  • Concrete deck slabs
  • Composite steel members
  • Plate girder design
  • Continuous beams
  • Protecting steel superstructures
  • Load rating
  • Prestressed concrete
  • Substructure design
  • Abutments
  • Piers
  • Bearings
  • Managing the design process
  • Contract documents
  • Bridge management systems

Recommended Reading
2009-07-10 Design of Concrete Structures McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math
ISBN 0073293490 ISBN-13 9780073293493

The 14th edition of the classic text, Design of Concrete Structures, is completely revised using the newly released 2008 ACI (American Concrete Institute) Code. This new edition has the same dual objectives as the previous editions; first to establish a firm understanding of the behavior of structural concrete, then to develop proficiency in the methods used in current design practice.

Design of Concrete Structures covers the behavior and design aspects of concrete and provides updated examples and homework problems. New material on slender columns, seismic design, anchorage using headed deformed bars, and reinforcing slabs for shear using headed studs has been added. The notation has been thouroughly updated to match changes in the ACI Code.

The text also presents the basic mechanics of structural concrete and methods for the design of individual members for bending, shear, torsion, and axial force, and provides detail in the various types of structural systems applications, including an extensive presentation of slabs, footings, foundations, and retaining walls.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

P.J. Fanning, T.E. Boothby (2001) A Comparative Study of Assessement Methods for Masonry Arch Bridges. Proceedings from Seminar: Masonry Arch Bridge Assessment, The Institution of Structural Engineers (ROI Branch).

Departmental Advice note BA16/97- ( DMRB The Assessment of Highway Bridges and Structures)

Department Standard BD 21/01 The Assessment of Highway Bridges and Structures (supersedes BD 21/97)

BD89/03 The Conservation of Highway Structures, DMRB

BA 35/90 Inspection and repair of concrete highway structures.

BS 7913:1998 The principles of the conservation of historic buildings

Conservation Guidelines – DoEHLG- Ireland –Conservation Principles