ENG08008 2019 Environmental Engineering 402H

General Details

Full Title
Environmental Engineering 402H
Transcript Title
Environmental Engineering 402H
N/A %
Subject Area
ENG - Engineering
CENG - Civil Eng. and Construction
08 - NFQ Level 8
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Brian McCann
Programme Membership
SG_ECIVL_H08 201900 Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Civil Engineering SG_ECIVL_K08 201900 Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Civil Engineering (Add-on)

Upon successful completion of this module the learner shall be able to apply the basic scientific and engineering concepts to solve problems in a sustainable manner for environmental projects relating to air and noise pollution, renewable energy, and solid waste treatment and management.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Define and interpret the scientific, engineering and economic concepts as they relate to air and noise pollution,
renewable energy, and solid waste treatment and management


Apply scientific, engineering and mathematical techniques to the evaluation of environmental engineering problems
including the control of air and noise pollution, solid waste reduction, treatment and disposal, and production of
renewable and sustainable energy.


Identify and describe the physical, chemical and biological properties and characteristics of emissions to the atmosphere from
mobile and static sources, including the environmental and health impacts, and determine the fate and concentration of emission plumes.


Evaluate environmental noise levels and interpret limits and methods of controlling noise from construction, transport,
industrial and municipal sources, including the use of noise mapping and production of noise action plans.


Determine the quantity, composition, and properties of municipal solid waste generated from household, commercial and industrial sources, and assess methods for the prevention, minimisation, recovery and recycling of municipal solid waste to meet relevant EU and Irish standards and legislation, and select and design efficient and sustainable solid waste treatment and management facilities.


Assess the potential of sustainable renewable energy (RE) sources, including wind, solar, tidal, wave, hydro−electric and
bio−fuel and determine the potential power output, siting requirements, installation, environmental impact and design considerations of RE systems.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

The teaching and learning strategy is based on the use of both direct verbal and visual instruction (theory lectures, presentations and project briefings), and aural learning by giving instruction and guidance during project work and site visits. 

Group interaction and enquiry-based learning is encouraged during assignments and project work using project update meetings to review progress and facilitate group discussion and collaboration.

The learning is also supplemented by independent learning with library, on-line and digital resources available for learners to research publications and knowledge for assignments, project work and to complement theory from lectures.

This strategy is accommodated by providing four hours per week of theory lectures and which includes ongoing review of project work.

Module Assessment Strategies

The module is assessed using a blended mix of final written end of semester examination (80%) and project study reports and site visit report work (20%).

Each learner must achieve a mark of at least 40% to pass the module and meet the learning outcomes.

Assessment of the examination and submitted project reports shall be summative in form. Formative assessment will also be used continuously during the project and report work to guide and provide feedback on progress to the learner.

Group work, where appropriate, is assessed by determining the individual contribution of each learner using group meetings, discussion and feedback. 

Repeat Assessments

Learners must achieve the pass mark of 40% by successfully repeating the final exam, project work or by re-submitting project reports, depending on the failed element.

Indicative Syllabus

  1. Air Pollution: Sources of air pollution. Ambient air legislation and standards. Air pollutants, criteria and non-criteria.  Industrial emissions. Power plant pollutant concentrations. Environmental and health effects of air pollutants. Global warming mechanisms.
  2. Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion. Dispersion characteristics. Atmospheric Stability.  Dispersion modelling, Gaussian Point Source Plume Dispersion Model. Plume Rise, Briggs and Holland equations. Determination of effective stack height. Effect of buildings and stack location on dispersion.
  3. Noise Pollution: Physical properties. Sources of environmental noise. Measurement, monitoring, and control mechanisms. Standards and legislation, including EU Environmental Noise Directive (END). Control of noise from transport, construction and industrial sources. Noise mapping and action plans. 
  4. Energy Usage and Targets: Energy units & characteristics. World and regional energy sources economics, geopolitics and sustainable energy issues. EU and Irish targets (2020) for Renewable Energy Sources (RES) for total energy, electrical power, heat energy and transport sectors.
  5. Sources of Renewable Energy: Wind, solar, hydro, tidal, wave, geothermal, bio-fuel, biomass and other renewable and sustainable energy extraction systems. Design characteristics and calculations.
  6. Wind Power: Economic, technical and environmental considerations of wind turbine developments. Design, siting and installation of wind turbines and wind farms.
  7. Municipal Solid Wastes: EU and Irish waste legislation and policies. Source, production and characteristics of solid wastes. Physical, chemical and biological properties of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). Identification of treatment methods and disposal routes. Waste management systems and plans.
  8. Waste Reduction and Recycling: Waste prevention and minimisation. Re-use and recycling of solid waste. Waste collection and separation systems. Materials recovery facilities & civic amenity sites. Economics of waste collection systems. EU and Irish recycling & recovery targets. 
  9. Solid Waste Treatment: Composting of biodegradable wastes. Anaerobic digestion of food and agricultural wastes. Incineration, gasification, pyrolysis and other thermal treatment systems for MSW and hazardous wastes. EU and Irish policies relating to the diversion of biodegradable waste from waste stream and landfill. Integrated Waste Management Systems and Plans.
  10. MSW Landfill Design: Landfill site selection. EU Landfill Directive. Landfill site design and development. Liner system design and specification. Landfill gas and leachate collection and control. Landfill operation.

 Indicative Assignments/Projects/Field Trips  

  1. Air pollution project report comparing Irish monitoring and control systems with EU states.
  2. Report on noise control systems for various sectors, including transport, quarrying, and waste disposal sites.
  3. Report on extent of renewable energy sources for energy production and application of RES for a number of sectors in Ireland and EU.
  4. Site visit and report on renewable energy installation.
  5. Design and economics of municipal waste collection and transfer system.
  6. Site visit to materials recovery facility and/or MSW landfill.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
20 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
80 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Projects Continuous Assessment Written Report 20 % OnGoing 2,3,4,5,6

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Written Examination Final Exam Closed Book Exam 80 % Week 15 1,2,3,4,5,6

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Tiered Classroom Theory 4 Weekly 4.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent Learning 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Part Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Classroom Equipped for OLL. Theory 4 Weekly 4.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent Learning 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Part Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2013-08-29 Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science: Pearson New International Edition Pearson Higher Ed
ISBN 9781292038179 ISBN-13 1292038179

Appropriate for undergraduate engineering and science courses in Environmental Engineering. Balanced coverage of all the major categories of environmental pollution, with coverage of current topics such as climate change and ozone depletion, risk assessment, indoor air quality, source-reduction and recycling, and groundwater contamination.

Recommended Reading
2018-08-01 Energy for Sustainability, Second Edition Island Press
ISBN 9781610918213 ISBN-13 1610918215

The most comprehensive textbook on this topic,Energy for Sustainability, Second Editiontakes a holistic and interdisciplinary approach to help techies and policymakers alike understand the policy and social mechanisms required to enable conversion to efficient and renewable energy that is clean, affordable, and secure. Major revisions to this edition reflect the current changes in technology and energy use and focus on new analyses, data, and methods necessary to understand and actively participate in the transition to sustainable energy. Throughout the book, analytical methods for energy and economic analysis and design give users a quantitative appreciation for and understanding of energy systems. Randolph and Masters use case studies extensively to demonstrate current experience and illustrate possibilities.

Recommended Reading
2010-01-01 Introduction to Environmental Engineering - SI Version Cengage Learning
ISBN 9780495295853 ISBN-13 049529585X

This text presents a balanced treatment of environmental engineering by combining engineering concepts with the importance of environmental ethics. This third edition highlights sustainable development and emphasizes the need for engineers to become even more environmentally responsible during this time of increasing awareness of environmental concerns. The authors challenge students with problems that require not only a technical solution but a thorough consideration of its ethical ramifications. The text also provides comprehensive exposure to all types of environmental problems, including ecosystem dynamics, wastewater treatment, and air pollution control. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Recommended Reading
2013-04-30 Waste Treatment and Disposal John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9781118687376 ISBN-13 111868737X

Following on from the successful first edition of WasteTreatment & Disposal, this second edition has beencompletely updated, and provides comprehensive coverage ofwaste process engineering and disposal methodologies. Concentratingon the range of technologies available for household and commercialwaste, it also presents readers with relevant legislativebackground material as boxed features. NEW to this edition: Increased coverage of re-use and recycling Updating of the usage of different waste treatmenttechnologies Increased coverage of new and emerging technologies for wastetreatment and disposal A broader global perspective with a focus on comparativeinternational material on waste treatment uptake and wastemanagement policies

Recommended Reading
2014-04-21 Environmental Noise Pollution Newnes
ISBN 9780124116146 ISBN-13 0124116140

Environmental Noise Pollution: Noise Mapping, Public Health and Policy addresses the key debates surrounding environmental noise pollution with a particular focus on the European Union. Environmental noise pollution is an emerging public policy and environmental concern and is considered to be one of the most important environmental stressors affecting public health throughout the world. This book examines environmental noise pollution, its health implications, the role of strategic noise mapping for problem assessment, major sources of environmental noise pollution, noise mitigation approaches, and related procedural and policy implications. Drawing on the authors' considerable research expertise in the area, the book is the first coherent work on this major environmental stressor, a new benchmark reference across disciplinary, policy and national boundaries. Highlights recent developments in the policy arena with particular focus on developments in the EU within the context of the European Noise Directive Explores the lessons emerging from nations within the EU and other jurisdictions attempting to legislate and mitigate against the harmful effects of noise pollution Covers the core theoretical concepts and principles surrounding the mechanics of noise pollution as well as the evidence-base linking noise with public health concerns

Required Reading
2010 Air Pollution Taylor & Francis
ISBN 0415479320 ISBN-13 9780415479325

A one stop, comprehensive textbook, covering the three essential components of air pollution science. The Third Edition has been updated with the latest developments, especially the inclusion of new information on the role of air pollutants in climate change. The authors give greater coverage to the developing economies around the world where air pollution problems are on the rise. The Third Edition continues to cover a wide range of air quality issues, retaining a quantitative perspective. Topics covered include - gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and dispersion modelling, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals. Moving away from classical toxic air pollutants, there is a chapter on climate change and another on the depletion of stratospheric ozone. A special feature of this new edition is the inclusion of a fresh chapter on air pollution mitigation by vegetation, mainly its role in maintaining a sustainable urban environment. Recommended for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, both for environmental scientists and engineers. The new material included in the Third Edition extends its use by practitioners in consultancies or local authorities.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

EPA Air Pollution, Solid Waste Management, and Noise Pollution reports.

SEAI Energy Reports

EEA Air Pollution and waste management reports.

WEC Energy Report



Journal Resources

Journal of Environmental Engineering ISSN (print): 0733-9372 | ISSN (online): 1943-7870

Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science ISSN 1496-2551 | E-ISSN 1496-256X


Other Resources

IT Sligo Moodle Page


Additional Information