ENG07024 2019 Wastewater Treatment 302

General Details

Full Title
Wastewater Treatment 302
Transcript Title
Wastewater Treatment 302
N/A %
Subject Area
ENG - Engineering
CENG - Civil Eng. and Construction
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Brian McCann, Kathryn Ryan
Programme Membership
SG_ECVIL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Engineering in Engineering in Civil Engineering SG_ECVIL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Engineering in Engineering in Civil Engineering SG_ECVIL_B07 202000 Bachelor of Engineering in Engineering in Civil Engineering

Upon successful completion of this module the learner shall be able to appraise the design and operation of the processes associated with municipal and industrial wastewater treatment, namely preliminary, primary, secondary & tertiary treatment. The learner shall also be able to perform laboratory experiments and measurements using standard methods and equipment to evaluate the characteristics of wastewater and determine the treatment required. This is supplemented by site visits to modern wastewater treatment plants and experience with the operation of pilot scale wastewater treatment equipment.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Determine the source, characteristics and quantities of municipal (public) and industrial (private) wastewater for collection and treatment prior to discharge to the environment.


Appraise the physical and biological processes of preliminary, primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of  municipal and industrial wastewater.


Design the physical and biological treatment processes for a conventional public wastewater treatment plant to comply with the requirements of licencing, Irish and EU regulations and Directives.


Optimise the operation, performance, and maintenance of wastewater treatment plants, recognise the causes of plant malfunction and poor performance, and appraise the solutions to improve performance.


Perform in teams and report on laboratory and design project work to measure the parameters relating to the characteristics of wastewater and its efficient treatment.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

The teaching and learning strategy is based on the use of both direct verbal and visual instruction (theory lectures, presentations and practical and project briefings), and aural learning by giving instruction and guidance during laboratory project work, site visits, and assignments. 

Group interaction and enquiry-based learning is encouraged during project and laboratory work using group feedback to review progress and facilitate group discussion and collaboration.

The learning is also supplemented by independent learning with library, on-line and digital resources available for learners to research publications and knowledge for assignments, project work and to complement theory from lectures.

This strategy is accommodated by providing two hours per week of theory lectures and two hours per week of laboratory and project work classes.

Module Assessment Strategies

The module is assessed using a blended mix of final semester examination (70%)and laboratory practical,  project and site visit report work (30%).

Each learner must achieve a mark of at least 40% to pass the module and meet the learning outcomes.

Assessment of the examination and submitted project reports shall be summative in form. Formative assessment will also be used continuously during the laboratory, project and site visit report work to guide and provide feedback on progress to the learner.

Group work, where appropriate, is assessed by determining the individual contribution of each learner using group meetings, discussion and feedback. 

Repeat Assessments

Learners shall repeat only the failed elements. The learner must then achieve an overall mark of 40% to pass the module, including repeat assessments, which will be determined from the combination of assessment elements as per the assessment strategy.

Indicative Syllabus

  1. Wastewater characteristics, measurements and parameters. Wastewater sources and quantities, including municipal (public) and industrial (private) influent. Regulations, standards and Directives relating to wastewater. Authorisation of wastewater treatment plants (licencing and certification)
  2. Preliminary treatment processes, including flow measurement, storm retention and overflows, screening, and grit removal.
  3. Primary treatment of wastewater. Types, design and operation
  4. Activated Sludge aeration processes. Design and operation. Activated sludge and aeration variations including extended aeration, conventional aeration, and sequencing batch reactor (SBR) types. Secondary settlement tank design and operation. Return and waste activated sludge.
  5. Biofilm processes. Design and operation. Biofilm or attached biomass variations including percolating (trickling) filter and rotating biological contactor (RBC) types. Secondary settlement tank design and operation.
  6. Tertiary treatment processes. Nutrient removal and disinfection of wastewater effluent. 
  7. Wastewater Treatment Plant performance, operation and maintenance. Optimisation of WwTPs.

Indicative Practicals and Projects:

  1. Suspended and total solids measurement of wastewater.
  2. Volatile and fixed solids measurement of wastewater.
  3. Settleable solids. Imhoff cone.
  4. Organic concentration- BOD and COD measurement of wastewater.
  5. Nitrate and Phosphate measurement.
  6. Microscopic analysis of activated sludge wastewater mixed liquor.
  7. Sludge settlement volume and sludge settleability analysis, SVI/SSVI.
  8. Site Visit to Municipal WwTP.
  9. Report on wastewater plant authorisation and operation in accordance to licence.
  10. Pilot wastewater treatment plant operation and control (Gunt Activated Sludge Unit).
  11. Wastewater treatment plant software for plant optimisation (GPS-X).


Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
40 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
60 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Laboratory Practicals and Projects Continuous Assessment Practical Evaluation 40 % OnGoing 1,2,3,4,5

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Written Examination Final Exam Closed Book Exam 60 % End of Term 1,2,3,4

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Lecture 2 Weekly 2.00
Practical Engineering Laboratory Practical 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent Learning 3 Weekly 3.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Part Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Practical Engineering Laboratory Practical 30 Once Per Semester 2.00
Lecture Online Lectures 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning Not Specified Independent Learning 3 Weekly 3.00
Total Part Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2017-04-07 Water Science and Technology, Fourth Edition CRC Press
ISBN 9781351817851 ISBN-13 135181785X

Water has become one of the most important issues of our time intertwined with global warming and population expansion. The management of water supplies and the conservation of water resources remains one of the most challenging yet exciting issues of our time. Water and wastewater treatment technologies are constantly evolving creating an increasingly sustainable industry that is one of the world's largest and most interdisciplinary sectors, employing chemists, microbiologists, botanists, zoologists as well as engineers, computer specialists and a range of different management professionals. This accessible student textbook introduces the reader to the key concepts of water science and technology by explaining the fundamentals of hydrobiology, aquatic ecosystems, water treatment and supply, wastewater treatment and integrated catchment management. This fourth edition is extensively changed throughout, with new coverage of the effects of climate change, environmental assessment, sustainability and the threat to biodiversity. The text serves as a primer for both undergraduate and graduate students in either science or engineering who have an interested in freshwater biology/hydrobiology or environmental engineering. It is also useful as a unified transitional course for those who want to span the traditional areas of engineering, biology, chemistry, microbiology or business. Professionals and consultants will also find the book a useful reference.

Recommended Reading
2013-10-21 Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations, Third Edition CRC Press
ISBN 9781466553385 ISBN-13 1466553383

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations the first thorough resource manual developed exclusively for water and wastewater plant operators has been updated and expanded. An industry standard now in its third edition, this book addresses management issues and security needs, contains coverage on pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), and includes regulatory changes. The author explains the material in laymans terms, providing real-world operating scenarios with problem-solving practice sets for each scenario. This provides readers with the ability to incorporate math with both theory and practical application. The book contains additional emphasis on operator safety, new chapters on energy conservation and sustainability, and basic science for operators. Whats New in the Third Edition: Prepares operators for licensure exams Provides additional math problems and solutions to better prepare users for certification exams Updates all chapters to reflect the developments in the field Enables users to properly operate water and wastewater plants and suggests troubleshooting procedures for returning a plant to optimum operation levels A complete compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends, this text serves as a resource for professionals working in water and wastewater operations and operators preparing for wastewater licensure exams. It can also be used as a supplemental textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying environmental science, water science, and environmental engineering.

Recommended Reading
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

EPA, Wastewater Treatment Manuals, Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Treatment, Environmental Protection Agency, 1995

Irish Water Codes of Practice, Guidelines and Protocols.

Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 23rd Edition, 2017

E.W. Rice, R.B. Baird, A.D. Eaton, editors

Publisher: American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation

ISBN: 9780875532875


Journal Resources


Other Resources

Module Moodle Page.

Additional Information