DSGN06121 2019 Design Fundamentals: from Concept to Development
This module will consolidate the fundamental skills used during the design of the Interior Environment. The module focuses on the processes that designers use to design and communicate their designs. Students will develop an understanding of a range of design communication and representation skills using appropriate media including sketching, orthographic design drawings, model making, design diagramming, mood boards etc. The module includes an overview of design thinking and methodology, including creative and critical thinking, the ways that analysis, research, user needs and context inform design proposals; and the mechanics of design (the design process in practice).
The module aims to:
- Provide an overview of architectural drawing typologies;
- Provide an overview of design thinking, methods, procedures and processes ‑ the design process in practice;
- Develop student’s ability to consider, select and apply appropriate communication and representational methods in design contexts.
On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;
Produce orthographic and paraline architectural drawings aligned with studio design projects that demonstrate knowledge and understanding of drafting and visualization techniques and conventions, suitable for an Interior design project.
Integrate the context, use and cross‑referencing of design information in a set of drawings.
Make models at a range of scales using appropriate materials to analyse, visualize and develop design ideas.
Construct and utilise precedent boards, mood boards, and materials boards, using appropriate materials, as design development tools from concept to design development and presentation stage.
Analyse and elucidate design, procedures and processes through a design journal.
Compile and deliver a design presentation to a peer group and listen and critically respond to the views of others.
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Design Fundamentals is taught using a combination of lectures, presentations, theoretical discussion and practical based tutorials linked to Design Studio. Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.
Module Assessment Strategies
Formative assessment deliverables address the module learning outcomes. The assessment strategy focuses on the student's development in the subject Design Fundamentals through:
- Research and visual methodologies;
- Information literacy skills;
- Written composition;
- Oral presentation.
Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.
The module key themes:
Survey of Design Methodology:
Design thinking and communication, the Mechanics of design (The design process);
Introduction to -Architecture of space, structure and enclosure including:form and space, light and colour, circulation, (and scale and hierarchy). Lectures and discussion on these topics are developed further in Interior Architecture Studio I & II.
- Research and analytical techniques: Client, Precedent and Site Analysis;
- Concept and Design diagramming, annotation techniques;
- Freehand drawing, sketch perspectives;
- Model Making: types and techniques; model‑making safety procedures;
- Architectural drawing conventions;
- Two‑dimensional orthographic drawing (plans, elevations, sections);
- Collage and photo‑montage;
- Develop ability to use interior architectural drawing equipment;
- Interior & architectural photography;
- Rendering techniques and presentation skills;
- Verbal and graphic presentation techniques.
The outputs of the above are the following:
- Precedent Board;
- Client Story Board;
- Site Map, Sun path, Wind rose, etc.;
- Mood board & Materials board;
- Concept Board and Model;
- Design diagramming (bubble, relationship diagrams, scaled diagrams, etc…);
- Sketch Design Drawings;
- Working and presentation models;
- Detail Design Drawings;
- Reflective journal / design diary.
Coursework & Assessment Breakdown
|Title||Type||Form||Percent||Week||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
|1||Design Presentation Drawing Set||Continuous Assessment||Individual Project||40 %||OnGoing||1,2,6|
|2||Individual Project Model & Design Boards||Project||Individual Project||40 %||OnGoing||3,4|
|3||Reflective Journal||Continuous Assessment||Project||20 %||OnGoing||5|
Full Time Mode Workload
|Directed Learning||Architectural Studio||Practical, tutorial and workshop||2||Weekly||2.00|
|Independent Learning||Architectural Studio||independent learning||7||Weekly||7.00|
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Ching, Francis, D. K, (1998) Design Drawing, Wiley.
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