ART06099 2019 Ceramics 2: Extruded Form and Raku Glazing

General Details

Full Title
Ceramics 2: Extruded Form and Raku Glazing
Transcript Title
Ceramics 2: Extruded Form and
80 %
Subject Area
ART - Art
YADA - Yeats Academy Art Dsgn & Arch
06 - NFQ Level 6
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Elizabeth Caffrey
Programme Membership
SG_AARTT_B07 201900 Bachelor of Arts in Fine Art SG_AARTT_H08 201900 Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Fine Art

Throughout this module the student is encouraged to include and extend any processes and techniques already learned from their earlier module. As with all modules at this stage, the students will take their lead from their ongoing body of Fine Art research, which underpins all making enquiry.

Ceramics 2 contains two strands which will help advance the students’ aptitude with Clay.The first aspect is Extruded Form, whereby the student can extend and add to their hand-building clay techniques. Extrusions by their nature and process produce a more ‘machined’ form, providing a suitable contrast to earlier introductory hand-building techniques.Running in tandem to this is the second strand which is Raku, an introduction to a more specialized process in the field of glazing. This process is a low-fired glaze technique which actively engages the student in the post-firing process whereby one can directly manipulate the finished outcome. Historically heralding from the East, the process of Raku helps the student consider a wider cultural focus and to experience a deeper engagement whilst working with clay as a means of expression. The principal aim of this module is to witness greater dexterity in the construction of form, with better colour/surface resolution within their work.                                                                                                                                                                         

As with all modules, underpinning each discipline is the students’ continuous body of research from which the students take their lead informing all creative and technical processes. This body of research is a vitally important aspect, supporting all aspects of the decision making process, as it is continuously referenced throughout the semester. By now the students’ individual beliefs and opinions should be evident, visually articulating their ideas successfully via the medium of clay.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Realize the merits of a broad, well informed visual and technical research; citing relevant historical and contemporary influences.


Illustrate a capable and creative aptitude in handling extruded form, when establishing their work.


Have attained a high level of finish on their completed works.


Demonstrate an understanding of the Raku and the post-firing process via the sucessful completion of their finished forms.


Have achieved good workshop practice, paying particular attention to the established systems of Health & Safety when working with all materials and equipment in the Ceramics Studio.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

Each semester the student is provided with a shared project theme which all disciplines follow and to which each student builds their ongoing research. At the early part of the semester initial technical information is provided via a series of demonstrations, information hand-outs and DVD’S. Students' are asked to maintain a Visual Diary, Ceramics Notebook and a series of exploratory macquettes as they develop their ideas. Weekly one-to-one tutorials support the students’ ongoing research and ensure they are responding productively to the designated project brief .Collective discussions and group critiques further support the students learning throughout the semester.

The Visiting Artist Series, International Trip, Exhibition Visits and Field Trips all provide invaluable exposure to a variety of professional platforms during the academic year.

Module Assessment Strategies

The students’ progress is monitored throughout the semester via informal weekly tutorials. Students present their ‘work in progress’ for a Mid Term Review, usually six weeks into the semester. A formal exam takes place at the end of semester whereby the student mounts their finished work in an exhibition format for assessment .

Repeat Assessments

The student is given a set Project to respond to, with a list of requirements. Through this project the student must establish a body of work which will fulfil the required learning outcomes of the initial failed module.The student is given the use of the Ceramic Studios for an extra two weeks, after their assessment, so they'll have the support and access to specialized equipment in order to complete the requirements of the Project.

Module Dependencies

ART06095 201900 Ceramics 1: Introduction to Clay Origins, Processes and Surface Treatments.

Indicative Syllabus

Visual Research: This is an integral aspect to the student’s engagement, which provides all answers to their material and technical enquiry. Students are assigned shared project titles which help them begin to develop their personal interpretations and concepts. They are encouraged to realize the value of a broad and well informed research, which feeds all disciplines. Their investigations should explore both technical and creative sources as well as making themselves familiar with all relevant historical and contemporary artists. A strong and rich research is required to meet the diverse learning challenges.

Extruding Clay Form: With some basic knowledge in the preparing and handling of Clay, the student is required to develop their ideas and forms through the use of Extrusions as a building technique. Extrusions by their nature and process produce a more ‘machined’ form, providing a suitable contrast to earlier introductory hand-building techniques. Students are introduced to a range of possibilities derived from this method, from hollow section forms, to that of solid or profile extrusion. The student is shown how to successfully operate both the 'wall' and 'bench mounted' extruders in order to create the forms appropriate to the development of their ideas and work. The student is encouraged to realize the importance of experimentation, exploring ideas and materials via the making of macquettes and drawing. It is through this system of enquiry that the final form is found and resolved, being developed to a larger scale.

Raku Glazing: The student is introduced to the history and methodology of this unique firing process. Historically heralding from the East, the process of Raku helps the student consider a wider cultural focus and to experience a deeper engagement whilst working with clay as a means of expression. Particular techniques are demonstrated to illustrate the subtleties between a range of post-firing treatments, the creation of an ‘oxidized atmosphere’ and a 'reduced atmosphere'. Raku glazes mature at a low temperature, providing a marked distinction to the glazes used in the previous semester. Instruction in the safe handling of each treatment is demonstrated and a direct 'hands on' approach is encouraged in order that the student gain an accurate and safe understanding of these techniques. The student experiences all aspects of the firing process in order that they gain full control of their desired result.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          At this stage in the academic year particular emphasis lies with gaining a high level finish, as they focus on the final presentation of their years work. 

Ceramic Studio Protocols and Health + Safety: Initially the student is introduced to a variety of equipment housed in the Ceramic Studio and made aware of the specialist areas of use. They are instructed in the safe use and basic maintenance of all equipment. With a ‘clean as you go’ policy, each student attends to a weekly cleaning schedule and regularly participates in the recycling of the main clay supply, with support staff. They are instructed in the safe handling of their materials, reducing the risk of dusty practices and are briefed on all Health & Safety protocols relevant to functioning in the Ceramic Studio.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
100 %

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Presentation of a body of work Final Exam Practical Evaluation 100 % End of Semester 1,2,3,4,5

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Workshop Ceramics Studio Ceramics 2: Extruded Form and Raku Glazing 8 Fortnightly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2017-10-02 Vitamin C: Clay and Ceramic in Contemporary Art Phaidon Press
ISBN 0714874604 ISBN-13 9780714874609

A global survey of 100 of today's most important clay and ceramic artists, chosen by leading art world professionals. Vitamin C celebrates the revival of clay as a material for contemporary visual artists, featuring a wide range of global talent as selected by the world's leading curators, critics, and art professionals. Clay and ceramics have in recent years been elevated from craft to high art material, with the resulting artworks being coveted by collectors and exhibited in museums around the world. Packed with illustrations, Vitamin C is a vibrant and incredibly timely survey - the first of its kind. Artists include: Caroline Achaintre, Ai Weiwei, Aaron Angell, Edmund de Waal, Theaster Gates, Marisa Merz, Ron Nagle, Gabriel Orozco, Grayson Perry, Sterling Ruby, Thomas Schtte, Richard Slee, Clare Twomey, Jesse Wine, and Betty Woodman. Nominators include: Pablo Leon de la Barra, Iwona Blazwick, Mary Ceruti, Dan Fox, Jens Hoffmann, Christine Macel, James Meyer, Jed Morse, Beatrix Ruf, Patrizia Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Nancy Spector, Sheena Wagstaff, and Jonathan Watkins.

Required Reading
2015-12-17 New Directions in Ceramics Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN 9781472526717 ISBN-13 1472526716

This is an overview of the contemporary scene in ceramics, looking at the various areas which are rapidly expanding in exciting new ways.

Required Reading
2017-02-02 Clay
ISBN 050050072X ISBN-13 9780500500729

Once upon a time pottery schools saw an increase in enrolments whenever the film Ghost aired on television. Today it is all year round. Not since the 1970s has there been this level of interest and appreciation for pottery and ceramics. The return to the handmade has been driven by our increasingly digital lives and there are now more makers, sellers and collectors than ever. There is also a new desire for unique objects made by hand and the imperfections associated with the marks of the maker. Pottery is the vehicle that most aptly captures this authenticity. From decorative pieces to the primarily functional to sculptural works pushing the boundaries of the medium, Clay surveys the richly creative output of over 50 studio potters from around the world. It is a celebration of a new generation of artisans working in clay, a snapshot not necessarily of what is happening at elite gallery level, but rather a behind-the-scenes look at the unique and eclectic offerings from small studios around the world.

Required Reading
2011-11 Ceramics in America 2011
ISBN 0976734486 ISBN-13 9780976734482

A diverse range of essays, new discoveries and book reviews on the latest research of interest to ceramics scholars

Required Reading
2009 Gabriele Koch
ISBN 1840334703 ISBN-13 9781840334708


Required Reading
2008-07-25 Confrontational ceramics A&C Black
ISBN UOM:39076002776727

This ground-breaking book looks at the use of ceramic art as a confrontational tool, where artist's work comments on social issues. It is essentially a massive overview of the ceramic scene from this perspective, showcasing typical pieces of work by ceramic artists alongside their statements explaining their approach. Essentially an art book, this is very much about how work is used to confront people with the truth and comment on social issues, and is divided up into relevant chapters: War and Politics, the Environment, Social and Human Condition, Gender Issues and Popular Culture. Artists include very well known established makers such as Grayson Perry, Robert Arneson, Richard Notkin, Howard Kottler etc. as well as introducing lesser known artists. This glamorous and cutting-edge book displays the work of 234 artists from 30 different countries, making it truly international.

Required Reading
20/08/2019 Smoke Firing : Contemporary Artists and Approaches to Ceramics A & C Black

Required Reading
2000 Extruded Ceramics A&C Black
ISBN 0713656824 ISBN-13 9780713656824

An introduction to the extrusion techniques used in making pottery.

Required Reading
20/09/2019 Ceramic Process European Ceramic Workcentre

Module Resources

Journal Resources

Ceramics, Art and Perception (online copy).

Ceramics International (online copy).

Ceramics Ireland.

Ceramics Review.

Ceramics Technical (online copy).

Visual Artists Ireland Newsletter.

Other Resources

DVD's on the lives and works of relevant Artists.

Additional Information

Students are encouraged to seek Workplacement / Internships/ Scholarships or any work experience in the visual arts. This 'real life' engagement provides an invaluable context for their ongoing learning.