ARCT08044 2019 Professional Studies 3: Preparing for Practice
This module is structured in such a way as to encourage students to be reflective and to prepare them for practice. It will explore the role and responsibilities of the architect in professional practice in relation to contemporary Irish legal, cultural, social, and economic contexts.
This module will build on the technical and professional knowledge and skills introduced in Professional Studies 2 which focused on statutory procedures; building economics and the procurement process.
This module will focus on the architectural office and practice management systems within the architectural office for effective practice.
The module will investigate the role of the architect within the design team, during construction, in the construction industry and in society more generally. This module will focus on various legislative and statutory requirements and responsibilities that relate to both the practice of architecture and the construction industry generally.
The module will also investigate the various forms of contract in the building industry and the contract variances between publically and privately procured work.
This module provides students with the opportunity to explore innovative and traditional case studies of practice. The ethical and philosophical concerns that govern these practice typologies are investigated, as well as the financial and managerial structures that enable them to survive and flourish.
On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;
demonstate a systematic knowledge of the structures and resources required for effective architectural practice
Demonstrate an understanding of the legal, professional and statutory responsibilities of the architect, the relevant laws and legal principles, industries, organisations, regulations and procedures involved in translating and integrating design concepts into planned built environments
Demonstrate an advanced appreciation of the architect’s role in evaluating risks and outcomes and advising on appropriate action
Direct processes of design and realisation which resolve and synthesise diverse and potentially conflicting requirements
Extend and challenge current architectural discourse from a position of broad knowledge
Demonstrate a systematic understanding of methods for the generation of new knowledge through original research, advanced practice or scholarship
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Professional Studies 3 is taught using a combination of lectures, presentations, theoretical discussion and practical based tutorials. Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.
Module Assessment Strategies
Formative assessment deliverables address the module learning outcomes. The assessment strategy focuses on the student's introduction to the subject Professional Studies 3 through:
- Research methodologies
- Information literacy skills
- Written composition
- Oral presentation
Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.
Lecture 1: The Professional Architect
The lecture outlines the requirements of being a professional architect, in relation to competence and professionalism. The lecture focuses on the RIAI Code of Conduct and QQI awards standards to ensure that students have full understanding of the standards required for you to become an Irish Registered Architect. The lecture will also outline the obligations of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in practice.
Lecture 2: Management - Practice
Covers the theories of Practice Management in terms of Systems / Responsibilities / Leadership / Research / Training / Time / Quality / Document & Financial Control. The lecture will also explain and discuss the Insurance requirements of Architects in practice, including Professional Indemnity Insurance (PI)
Lecture 3: Management – Project Planning
Continues the themes of Management in particular in terms of Project Programming / Project Processes through the Design Stages / Project Risks / Project Quality / Cost Control /Project Reviews and Audits
Lecture 4: Management - Communication
Continues the themes of communication to demonstrate the Management requirements of the professional Architect in practice for effective communications with respect to Meetings, Reports and Records
Lecture 5: Contracts 1 - Types
Detail of the different types of contract available for construction projects and will include the RIAI contracts and Public Works contracts under the CWMF:
· Articles of Agreement With Quantities (the ‘Yellow’ Form)
· Articles of Agreement Without Quantities (the ‘Blue’ Form)
· Articles of Agreement SF88, 1999 Edition (the ‘Short Form’ or Pink Form)
· RIAI Building Contract, August 2002 (the ‘White’ Form)
And the Public Works Contracts (with focus on):
• Works Designed by the Employer
• Works Designed by the Contractor
• Minor Building & Civil Engineering Works Designed by the Contractor
• Short Public Works Contract
Lecture 6: Contracts 2 – General Clauses
Outline of the key General Clauses in the contracts discussed in Lecture 5; the similarities and the differences. The lecture will also cover the parties, obligations, insurances, Determination and Concilation / Arbitration
Lecture 7: Contracts 3 – Cost Management: Payments, Retention, Defects Liability Period, Variations and Practical Completion
Explains how the architect certifies work for payment, retention and how it is calculated, the Defects Liability Period and Practical Completion. The lecture also covers how variations are covered as regards the contract. The lecture also outlines the differences between the Public Works and RIAI contracts in relation to Project Cost Management.
Lecture 8: Management 1 – Tendering & Procurement Procedures
Outlines the procedures for seeking tenders from prospective Contractors, Tender Methods, Instructions to Tenderers, requirements for BCAR in tender documentation, Tender queries, Receipt of Tenders and Tender Report. The lecture also outlines the differences between the Public Works and RIAI tendering procedure protocols and requirements.
Lecture 9: Management 2 – Construction Process
Covers the Construction Process, the role of the Design Team, the Production of Information, the Appointment of the Contractor, the Contractor’s Team, Contract Programming, Dealing with Requests for Information, Contract Communications and Quality & Cost Control.
Lecture 10: Management 3 - Costing
Covers the role of the QS through the Design Stages, including the preparation of the Bills of Quantities and Cost Control Procedures during each project stage. The lecture also outlines the processes where a Bill of Quantities does not form part of the Contract. The role of the Architect in relation to Cost Management Control is also discussed.
Lecture 11: Legal
Develops the legal implications and themes of competence, professionalism and the RIAI Code of Conduct, to covers topics of ethics, duty of care, liability, negligence and Tort.
Lecture 12: Law 1 - General
Explains the Irish Democratic State, the Constitution, Irish Legal System including Common Law, the Law of Contract, Civil Law, European, statute and commercial law. The lecture will also cover copyright and defamation.
Lecture 13: Law 2 - Planning
Covers the Law as regards the Planning Regulations in particular the Planning and Development Act 2000, Planning and Development Regulations 2001, (and subsequent amendments). This includes Exempted Development, Development Control, An Bord Pleanala, Part 8 & Part 9 applications, and outlines requirements for EIS under the Regulations as well as requirements under EU Habitats, Flood Risk Assessments etc
Lecture 14: Law 3 – Building Control Acts
The lecture addresses the regulatory context under the Building Control Acts, including an overview of the provisions and requirements of the Building Control Regulations of 2014 (BCAR). This includes the required Appointments, the Roles of the Design and Assigned Certifiers, Notifications, Inspection and Certification and the Building Control Management System (BCMS) procedures and requirements.
The lecture also address the specific legislative requirements for Fire Safety Certificates (FSC) and Disability Access Certificates (DAC).
Lecture 15: Law 4 – Building Regulations, Codes, Standards, EPDs
The lecture provides a statutory overview of the requirements governed by the Technical Guidance Documents, and the range of EU legislation affecting the Irish regulatory regime, such as the requirements for Energy Performance of Buildings Regulations (BER), EU codes and Construction / Environmental Products Declarations.
Lecture 16: Law 5– Health and Safety
The theory of safe design and the principles of prevention and the legislation covering the Health and Safety at Work and Construction Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (Construction) Regulations 2013. The lecture outlines the duties of Clients, the roles of the Project Supervisor Design Process (PSDP), Project Supervisor Construction Stage (PSCS), the role of Designers, and the statutory requirements of the Preliminary Health and Safety Plan and the Safety File.
Lecture 17: Economics and politics of the construction industry
Covers in detail the economic concepts of supply & demand, value, funding and feasibility, life cycle costs and the structure, politics and operation of the Irish Building Industry.
Coursework & Assessment Breakdown
|Title||Type||Form||Percent||Week||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
|1||Open book exam||Continuous Assessment||Open Book Exam||50 %||Week 12||3,4,5,6|
|2||Case study seminar||Continuous Assessment||Assignment||50 %||Week 5||1,2|
Full Time Mode Workload
|Tutorial||Flat Classroom||Preparing for Practice||1||Weekly||1.00|
see module handbook
see module handbook
RIAI (2013) Code of Professional Conduct: https://www.riai.ie/images/uploads/RIAI_CodeofConduct_26July2013.pdf
GCCC - Capital Works Management Framework Guidance: https://constructionprocurement.gov.ie/guidance-notes/
RIAI (2018) Good Practice Guide. (6th Edition)
RIAI (2016) Agreement between Client and Architect for the Provision of Architectural Services (Edition 2, September 2016)
Grist, Dr. B. (2013) An Introduction to Irish Planning Law (2nd edition)
Chappell, D. & Dunn M. H. (2016) The Architect in Practice, (11th Edition) Wiley Blackwell
RIBA, (2013). Handbook of Practice Management: (9th Edition)
Wevill, J. (2013) Law in Practice: The RIBA Legal Handbook, (2nd Edition) RIBA Publishing
Abramowitz, Ava J. (2009). Architect’s essentials of negotiation (2nd ed.). Wiley, John and Sons.
Alford, S. (2017). Building regulations in brief (9th revised ed.). Routledge.
Anumba, C., Marino, B., Gottfied, A., Egbu, C., (2004), Health and safety in refurbishment involving demolition and structural instability. HSE.
Bickford-Smith, S. (2009). Party walls: law and practice (3rd ed.). Bristol, UK: Jordans.
Caplehorn, P. (2016). Health and safety: RIBA plan of work 2013 guide. London, UK: RIBA Publishing.
Clamp, H. (2012). Which contract? choosing the appropriate building contract. RIBA.
Dalziel, B. & Ostime, N (2008). Architect's job book. RIBA.
Doolan, B. (2007). Principles of Irish law (7th Ed.). Dublin, Ireland: Gill & Mcmillan.
Harris, B., Planterhouse, R. & Tecks, J. (2007). The arbitration act 1996 - a commentary (2nd ed.). UK: John Wiley & Sons.
Healy, J. (2006). Principles of Irish torts. Dublin, Ireland: Clarus Press.
Keane, D (2001). RIAI contracts: a working guide. Dublin, Ireland: RIAI.
Keane, D. (2003). Building and the law. Dublin, Ireland: RIAI.
Klee, L. (2015). International construction contract law. Wiley-Blackwell.
Lupton, S. Cox, S. Clamp, H. & Udom, K. (2012). Which contract? (5th ed.). London, UK; RIBA.
Ostime, N. (2013). RIBA job book. (9th ed.). London, UK: RIBA Publishing.
Polley, S. (2011). Understanding the building regulations. (5th ed.). London, UK: Spon Press.
Richbell, D. (2008). Mediation in construction disputes. UK: Blackwell Publishing.
Richies, J. L. & Dancaster, D. (2004). Construction Adjudication (2nd ed.). UK: John Wiley & Sons.
Royal Institute of British Architects (2008). The plan of work (outline). RIBA.
Simons, G. (2007). Planning and development law (2nd ed). Dublin, Ireland: Thompson Round Hall.
Smyth, H. and Pryke, S. (2006). The Management of Complex Projects: A Relationship Approach. Wiley-Blackwell.
Speaight, A. (2010). Architect’s legal handbook: the law for architects. (9th ed.). Elsevier.
Local Authority Development Plans & Journals :
Sligo County Council Development Planning Unit, Sligo City and Environs Local Area Plan 2018–2024.
RIAI Journal, Architecture Ireland, Dublin, Ireland: Nova publishing.