ARCT07025 2019 Theory and Design of Structures 3

General Details

Full Title
Theory and Design of Structures 3
Transcript Title
Theory and Design of Structure
80 %
Subject Area
ARCT - Architecture
YADA - Yeats Academy Art Dsgn & Arch
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Bernadette Donohoe, Deirdre Greaney, Michael Roulston, Cliona Brady, Peter Scanlon, Mary Byrne
Programme Membership
SG_VARCH_H08 201900 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours) SG_VARCH_H08 202000 Bachelor of Architecture (Honours)

The module will introduce the learner to contemporary structure types and modular and prefabricated building systems and components. This module develops students’ skills in preparing structural calculation of their designs. Emphasis will be placed on making good design judgements, accurate calculations and presenting the results in a readable format. Will develop advanced analysis of structural components of a complex building type and calculate the size of structural elements.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Integrated understanding of a range of problems associated with structural design, theories and systems.


Design and analyse advanced architectural structures in collaboration with engineering professionals.


Exercise appropriate judgement in the development of an architectural idea to realization.


Create a stable structural scheme design from studio work and prepare detailed design calculations of a range of beams and columns in timber, concrete and steel.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

The Structures module is taught using a combination of lectures, presentations, theoretical discussion and practical based tutorials, workshops, projects, fieldwork and visits. Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.

Module Assessment Strategies

Student's must pass the Structural Study and assessments. This assessment is performance‑orientated and formative modes are used during the process of project work to endeavour to provide constructive feedback. The emphasis in assessment is on: responding contextually; technical design integration; three‑dimensional problem solving skills; communication skills; technical analysis, acceptance of responsibility for learning, and the use of a broad range of learning resources

Repeat Assessments

Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.​

Indicative Syllabus

Lecture 1: Introduction to Cable-suspended structures:

Steel cables, Cable systems, tension ring, Secondary cables and Transverse cables.

Lecture 2: Lateral Stability:

Wind Multi-storey buildings, Primary & Sliding effect, Exposure and Movement, Velocity and Turbulence.

Lecture 3: Lateral Stability:

Resisting Mechanisms, Braced frames, Eccentric Bracing, Multi-Bay Arrangments, Moment frames, Shear walls, Diaphragms and Building configuration, Mass & Irregularity. 

Lecture 4: Long-Span structures:

Design issues, Construction issues, Span ranges, Glue-lam, Steel, Concrete, Trussed, Radial, Space trusses, Vierendeel Truss, Plate structures, Three hinged arches, Cable structures, Space frame, Shell & Domes.

Lecture 5: High rise structures.

Lecture 6: Building Systems integration:

Electrical, Plumbing, Ventilation, Water supply, Sanitary Sewage, Vent systems, fire protection, Heating and cooling, Plumbing Chases, Fan rooms, Cores, Horizontal distribution.

Field Trip Week.

Lecture 7: Pre-Fabrication: Non-Loading Bearing Elements 1: Facades 1 - developing complex construction systems

Lecture 8: Pre-Fabrication: Non-Loading Bearing Elements 2: Facades 2 - developing systems of glass, metal façades and composite. 

Lecture 9: Bridges:

Bridge types, Historical context, arch bridges, suspension bridge, foundations, cofferdams, Caissons

Lecture 10: Case study of complex building  & preparation of structural design scheme for studio project

Lecture 11: Preparation of structural design scheme for studio project.

Lecture 12: Prepare detailed design analysis for studio project.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Structural 3D Modelling & Analyctial Diagramming Project Project 20 % Week 8 1,2,3,4
2 Structural analysis, Calculation and Design Integration into Design Studio Project Project Project 80 % Week 12 2,4

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Architectural Studio Theory 1 Weekly 1.00
Practical Architectural Studio Structures Practical 1 Weekly 1.00
Independent Learning Architectural Studio Self Directed Study 2 Weekly 2.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 2.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
1977-01-01 W. Morgan's the Elements of Structure Pitman Publishing
ISBN 0273010794 ISBN-13 9780273010791
Required Reading
2001 Structure and Architecture Routledge
ISBN 9780750647939 ISBN-13 0750647930

This guide enables the reader to develop an understanding of how architectural structures function, and is generously illustrated with examples take from contemporary buildings.

Required Reading
2003-07-10 Structures Da Capo Press
ISBN 0306812835 ISBN-13 9780306812835

In a book that Business Insider noted as one of the "14 Books that inspired Elon Musk," J.E. Gordon strips engineering of its confusing technical terms, communicating its founding principles in accessible, witty prose. For anyone who has ever wondered why suspension bridges don't collapse under eight lanes of traffic, how dams hold back--or give way under--thousands of gallons of water, or what principles guide the design of a skyscraper, a bias-cut dress, or a kangaroo, this book will ease your anxiety and answer your questions. Structures: Or Why Things Don't Fall Down is an informal explanation of the basic forces that hold together the ordinary and essential things of this world--from buildings and bodies to flying aircraft and eggshells. In a style that combines wit, a masterful command of his subject, and an encyclopedic range of reference, Gordon includes such chapters as "How to Design a Worm" and "The Advantage of Being a Beam," offering humorous insights in human and natural creation. Architects and engineers will appreciate the clear and cogent explanations of the concepts of stress, shear, torsion, fracture, and compression. If you're building a house, a sailboat, or a catapult, here is a handy tool for understanding the mechanics of joinery, floors, ceilings, hulls, masts--or flying buttresses. Without jargon or oversimplification, Structures opens up the marvels of technology to anyone interested in the foundations of our everyday lives.

Required Reading
2012-04-10 Structure for Architects John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9780470633762 ISBN-13 047063376X

"Structure for Architects explains the fundamental structural concepts required for architects and architectural technologists using a highly illustrated approach and real-world examples. With an intuitive, easy-to-read and graphically-friendly format, Structure for Architects is meant for the visual thinker and those that think conceptually. The intuitive approach demystifies structural principles by showing them in the context of everyday situations. Eschewing complicated mathematics, just enough technical information is presented so the reader will not be intimidated by detailed engineering"--

Recommended Reading
2009-01-14 Building Structures Illustrated Wiley
ISBN 0470187859 ISBN-13 9780470187852

Francis D.K.Ching brings his trademark presentation to the structural design studio with this major new work co-authored by Barry Onouye and Douglas Zuberbuhler. Taking a new approach to strucural design, Ching and his co-authors show how structural systems of a building -- as an integrated assembly of elements with pattern, proportions, and scale -- are related to the essential aspects of architectural design: formal and spatial composition, program fit, coordination with other building systems such as enclosure and mechanical systems, code compliance, etc. No other work by Francis D.K. Ching brings together so many aspects of architectural design as an integrated reference. Designers, builders, and students alike will gain a new understanding of structural principles and planning, without the need for mathematics. Using Ching's trademark presentation, Structural Patterns is illustrated throughout with line drawings to present the essential presence of structural systems in buildings, but also helps the reader make informed decisions for architectural design.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

see book list

Journal Resources

see module handbook

URL Resources

see module handbook

Other Resources



Additional Information

Refer to Architecture Space and Resource provision Handbook.

Dedicated studio space for each student registered on the the academic year of the BArch programme.

Including but not limited to: 

Drawing Board, Layout space, wall space, drawing/model storage, materials storage.

Printing and scanning facilities (A0, A1, A2, A3).

Model Making benches, cutting surfaces, hand tools, lazer cutters, 3Dprinters

Technology/Materials Lab

Critique space

General and Archive storage.