ARCT07024 2019 Architecture Context and Theory 3
Architectural Context & Theory 3 continues the survey of key individuals, buildings, landscapes, urban settings emphasizing connections, contrasts, and influences of architectural movements throughout history with a focus on society and community. The module is divided into four components, Transformation: Urbanism (Society); Human Experience: Exteriority (Society); Place: Settlement (Community); Heritage: Conservation (Community). Through the use of case studies both International and Irish perspectives are presented. In parallel, the development of skills, including critical reading, research methods, essay writing and interpretation is an important part of this module. The learner is encouraged to self-direct and deepen their understanding of a subject of their choice. A field trip is an integral component.
The context modules provide the skills to research and analyse a range of issues related to architecture and introduces the core vision points of the programme: interpretation of place; the power of architecture to transform; the possibilities of reusing and adapting our built heritage; and human experience and perception of space. These modules provide the theoretical framework for the design projects.
On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;
Demonstrate an understanding that architectural practice may produce artefacts of long duration and significant impact on individuals, societies and the environment
Identify how the quality of architectural design is influenced by an understanding of the fine arts, including those specific to the local/prevailing culture
Reflect on how place, settlement and the Irish designed landscape have evolved over time.
Construct and articulate reasoned responses from available information and evidence through research, systematic analysis and evaluation of information
Teaching and Learning Strategies
The Teaching and Learning strategies for Architectural Context & Theory 3 comprises a series of 24 thematic lectures and weekly two hour seminar and/or tutorial based activities. Lectures supported by images and texts, provide the themes concepts and general context. Seminars offer opportunities for more detailed thematic analyses, visual and textual analyses and group discussion. Workshops allow for focused interaction, research methodologies and oral communication strategies. Fundamental skills of reading, analysis and academic writing will be developed, along with the communication of architectural ideas through evaluation of precedent through words and diagrams. Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.
Module Assessment Strategies
Coursework is assessed at the end of the semester through:
Seminar Presentation (35%)
Illustrated Essay (3,500 words) (65%)
Formative feedback is given throughout the Semester both verbally and in written form and Summative Feedback is given in written form at the end of the Semester.
Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.
Lectures and seminars are organized by the core vision points of the programme with a focus on both International and Irish history and theory. Each of the four themes are presented and discussed in lectures with case studies. Assigned readings on particular case studies will form part of the seminars.
Sample Architectural Context & Theory IV Schedule
Lecture 1: Module overview: Introduction; Transformation: Urbanism (Society); Human Experience: Exteriority (Society); Place: Settlement (Community); Heritage: Conservation (Community).
Transformation: Urbanism (Society)
Lecture 2: The Modernists
Seminar/Tutorial 1: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Lecture 3: Garden City Movement and New Urbanists
Lecture 4: The Post Modernists
Seminar/Tutorial 2: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Lecture 5: Archigram, Metabolism, Hi Tech
Lecture 6: Globalization and Local Identity
Seminar/Tutorial 3: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Human Experience: Exteriority (Society)
Lecture 7: Urban Acupuncture
Lecture 8: Environment and Behaviour: Social Engineering to Affordances
Seminar/Tutorial 4: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Lecture 9: Artistic Principles, Townscape and Image
Lecture 10: Rationalism and Deconstructivism
Seminar/Tutorial 5: One to One Tutorials Assignment 1
Lecture 11: Landscape urbanism + Open City
Lecture 12: Design and Social Life of cities
Seminar/Tutorial 6: Seminar Presentation
Wk 7 - Field Trip
Place: Settlement (Community)
Lecture 13: Common Ground / Collective Territories / Free Space
Lecture 14: History of Settlement in Ireland
Seminar/Tutorial 8: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Lecture 15: Development of the Irish Town
Lecture 16: Development of the Irish City
Seminar/Tutorial 9: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Lecture 17: Suburbia/Housing (Villa, Estate)
Lecture 18: New Irish Architecture (Contemporary Irish Practice)
Seminar/Tutorial 10: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Heritage: Conservation (Community)
Lecture 19: Conservation: Irish Architecture and Society
Lecture 20: Architectural Styles + Periods
Seminar/Tutorial 11: Readings / Discussion / Academic Research and Writing Skills / Interpretation and Criticism
Lecture 21: Georgian Ireland
Lecture 22: Mid 20th‑century (1918‑1945)
Seminar/Tutorial 12: One to One Tutorials Assignment 2
Lecture 23: The Living City
Lecture 24: Shaping the future: Adaptation and Reuse
Seminar/Tutorial 13: Essay Submission
Coursework & Assessment Breakdown
|Title||Type||Form||Percent||Week||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
|1||Presentation||Continuous Assessment||Individual Project||35 %||Week 7||2|
|2||Essay||Formative||Individual Project||- %||Week 13||1,3,4|
Full Time Mode Workload
Awan, N., Schneider, T., & Till, J. (2011). Spatial agency: other ways of doing architecture. Abingdon, Oxon [England], Routledge.
Butlin, R.A. (1997) The Development of the Irish Town. London: Rowman and Littlefield.
Casey, C. (2010). The eighteenth-century Dublin town house: form, function and finance. Dublin, Four Courts.
Cook, P., & Chalk, W. (1972). Archigram. London, Studio Vista.
Corner, J. (2014). Landscape Imagination: Collected Essays of James Corner 1990-2010. Princeton Architectural Press.
Dargan, P. (2012). Exploring Georgian Limerick. Dublin, Ireland : The History Press Ireland.
Fishman, R. (2016). Urban utopias in the twentieth century Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier. Cambridge, Mass, The MIT Press.
Frampton, K., Ibelings, H., & Sola-Morales, M. D. (2008). Manuel De Sola-Morales A Matter Of Things. Rotterdam, Nai Uitgevers.
Galavan, S. (2017). The architecture of the Victorian suburb: Dublin's new streets in green fields. London, Routledge.
Krier, R., & Rowe, C. (1991). Urban space. London, Academy Editions.
Quinn, P. (1996). Temple Bar: the power of an idea. Dublin, Temple Bar Properties.
Rowe, C., & Koetter, F. (1983). Collage city. Cambridge, Mass, MIT Press.
Rossi, A. (2007). The architecture of the city. Cambridge, Mass, MIT Press.
Sennett, R. (1993) The Conscience Of The Eye: The Design And Social Life Of Cities. London, Faber and Faber.
Sert, J. L., & Mumford, E. P., & Frampton, K. (2002). The CIAM discourse on urbanism, 1928-1960. Cambridge, Mass, The MIT Press.
Sitte, C., & Stewart, C. T. (2013). The art of building cities city building according to its artistic fundamentals. Nueva York (Estados Unidos), Reinhold Publishing Corporation.
Talen, E. (2006). New urbanism and American planning: the conflict of cultures. New York, Routledge.
Venturi, R., Scott Brown, D., & Izenour, S. (2017). Learning from Las Vegas. Cambridge, MA The MIT Press 2017
Venturi, R. (2014). Complexity and contradiction in architecture. New York, NY, Museum of Modern Art.
see module handbook
see module handbook