ARCT07016 2019 Architecture Technologies and Environment 2
The module aims to develop an understanding of the integral role of architectural technologies in transforming regional and international architecture, through the investigation of environmental science, material science and building servicing in the context of the design of medium scale building types, with an emphasis on how these concepts inform and contribute to design. The module develops the learners understanding of environmental thinking and how buildings integrate and modify the environment. The module introduces environmental principles from site analysis through the building design process to identify strategies for various environmental responses - rural, coastal and town landscapes. The module will provide the learner with knowledge and understanding of energy supply, energy efficiency, eco-ethical specification and renewable servicing strategies as well as the lifecycle and circular economy of materials.The module will introduce the principles of site services and integrated building services within the context of the design process. The module aims to broaden the learners knowledge of materials, their performance and assembly, with emphasis on the external fabric. The module will explore factors affecting human experience and health, perception of space, well-being and comfort (visual, thermal, air quality and acoustic environments). The module will develop the learners understanding of the Building Regulations, with focus on conservation of fuel and energy, universal design and fire safety design.
On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;
Demonstrate a specialised knowledge of scientific, engineering and technological disciplines with application to the ecologically-sustainable design, construction and maintenance of the built environment and built heritage.
Incorporate and/or respond to architectural design requirements taking technical and regulatory constraints into account demonstrating a knowledge of principal methods and technologies for the provision of conditions of access, comfort and protection to all users of the built environment.
Demonstrate a general knowledge of mechanical and electrical systems to ensure comfort, health and welfare of people, and the impact these systems have on the design of interiors.
Demonstrate a general knowledge of human experiences and perception and the principles, theories and systems pertaining to colour, light, acoustics and other sensory aspects.
Display knowledge of different building materials, their properties and possibilities.
Understand the inter-relationships of environmental design, the necessary servicing for buildings and material selection in building design.
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Technology is taught using a combination of lectures, presentations, theoretical discussion and practical based tutorials, workshops, projects, fieldwork and visits. Both individual and group work modes are utilised throughout.
Module Assessment Strategies
Student's must pass the Design Studio Technical Study. This assessment is performance‑orientated and formative modes are used during the process of project work to endeavour to provide constructive feedback. The emphasis in assessment is on: responding contextually; technical design integration; three‑dimensional problem solving skills; communication skills; technical analysis, acceptance of responsibility for learning, and the use of a broad range of learning resources.
Repeat assessment will be dependent on failed components. This will be confirmed at formal exam boards.
The module comprises of four related themes:
Environment Design – Holistic design and response to place, environmental impact – rural, coastal, mountain, towns. Principles of ecological and sustainable design, microclimates, landscape as a climatic modifier, passive design. Introduction to energy supply
Building Technology – Introduction to systems of construction, framed construction, building tectonics. Introduction to the detailed understanding of the Building Regulations with particular reference to heat loss, fire safety and access.
Building Materials – Appropriate materials, including consideration for re-use and re-cycling. Materials indigenous to Ireland.
Building Services – Introduction to energy sources: renewable, non-renewable. Alternative energy off-grid sources. Solar, wind, wave, hydro systems.
Lecture 1: Environment Design: Low Energy Architecture Design – Relationship to the External Environment: Site Selection and Orientation – Sun Paths, Sunlight, Solar Gain, Topography, Prevailing Winds, Passive Solar Design / Heating Strategies, Passive Ventilation Strategies.
Lecture 2: Environment Design: Low Energy Architecture Design – The Indoor Environment 1: Natural light, Natural sources, Daylight factor, Assessment of Daylight factor, Combined lighting, Aspects of Sound, Sound Pressure, Thresholds, Decibels, Sound levels, Calculation of Sound, Attenuation of sound, Nature of hearing, Noise and Sound insulation, Hearing Risk, Noise control, Noise transfer, Sound insulation and Building envelope, Room Acoustics, Reverberation.
Lecture 3: Environment Design: Low Energy Architecture Design – The Indoor Environment 2: Energy use in Buildings, Measuring power, Thermal comfort, Air movement, Humidity, Energy Transfer, Heat loss, Heat gains, Energy Balance, Energy rating and Fabric analysis, U-Value, Thermal bridging, Thermal insulation, Structural Temperatures, Ventilation loss, Seasonal requirements, Air Control in Buildings, Water Vapour, Saturation, Condensation in Buildings, Interstitial Condensation, Air-Tightness & Ventilation, Indoor Air Quality
Lecture 4: Building Technology: Introduction to Systems of Framed Construction: Principles of Concrete, Steel, Timber
Lecture 5: Building Technology: The Building Envelope: Weathering, Insulation, Cladding: Brick & Concrete frame, Solid and Cavity, Stone facing, Loadbearing fixing, Restraint fixing, Face fixing, Cladding panels, Precast Concrete, Parapet & Precast concrete cladding, Joints, Open drained joint, GRC cladding, Single Skin Panels. Metal Cladding, GRP panels, Glazed Walling systems, Composite panel, Sheet metal Panel, Rain Screens.
Lecture 6: Building Technology: Building Regulations: Focus on TGDs Parts A, B, E, K, L, M
Field Trip Week.
Lecture 7: Building Materials: Materials by Classification: Renewable Primary Product Materials, Mineral Construction Materials, Synthetic Materials, Metals
Lecture 8: Building Materials: Material Re-Use, Adapt, Re-Cycle, Waste Disposal. Embodied Energy
Lecture 9: Building Materials: Indigenous Irish Materials
Lecture 10: Building Services: Introduction to Energy Sources: Renewable & Non-Renewable.
Coal/ Gas/ Oil/Nuclear Power, Solar, Wind, Hydro, Geothermal, Bio-Mass Energy.
Lecture 11: Building Services: Passivhaus, MVHR, Low-Energy-Consuming Technologies
Lecture 12: Building Services: Alternative Energy Supply Systems for Rural Locations, Micro generation.
Coursework & Assessment Breakdown
|Title||Type||Form||Percent||Week||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
|1||Assessment 1||Continuous Assessment||Group Project||30 %||Week 6||2,3,4,6|
|2||Assessment 2||Continuous Assessment||Individual Project||70 %||End of Semester||1,2,3,4,5,6|
Required & Recommended Book List
2007 Energy-efficiency Upgrades Birkhauser Architecture
"These guidelines for energy-conscious and sustainable refurbishment are intended to encourage the inclusion of energy-related themes in the design considerations for upgrading measures, but also new building work. Large-scale detail drawings illustrate practical solutions for overcoming weaknesses in the construction. Energy efficiency is investigated in terms of the different situations in summer and winter." "But sustainable improvements cannot be achieved through energy-efficiency measures alone. Instead, it is essential to consider the building as a whole, and this fact becomes clear in this book, especially through the case studies. Each example of a housing, office or school project includes an analysis of the situation plus a description and evaluation of the measures implemented." --Book Jacket.
2011 A Green Vitruvius Routledge
ISBN 9781849713115 ISBN-13 1849713111
2000 years ago the Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius Pollio wrote the ten books on architecture still referred to in every architects education. The concept of an architectural pattern book offering design principles as well as solutions is universally familiar and this is the green pattern book for today.Now fully updated to provide an introduction to sustainable architectural design suitable for both undergraduate and postgraduate courses, this well established textbook emphasises the importance of location specific architecture that responds to local climate conditions and uses local materials, as well as offering better architectural quality with more natural and fewer artificial inputs.Not only is less more, less is also beautiful.
2017-11-16 Environmental Science in Building Red Globe Press
ISBN 1137605448 ISBN-13 9781137605443
This popular textbook covers how the built environment and the management of energy relate to the quality of human living-conditions and the environmental performance of buildings. It is the key introductory text for understanding the principles and theories of the environmental science behind construction, and the only text on the market to provide the basic scientific principles of such a broad range of topics. The text covers a range of areas in the field, including climate change, energy management, and sustainability in construction, with an important focus on contemporary environmental topics such as carbon, lifetime performance and rating schemes. The author is known for his extremely clear, finely crafted text, and the book offers a wealth of excellent worked examples. This text is designed to be useful, at all levels, to students and practitioners of architecture, construction studies, building services, surveying, and environmental science.
2006 Strategies for Sustainable Architecture Routledge
ISBN 0415341426 ISBN-13 9780415341424
This guide introduces and illustrates sustainable design principles through detailed case studies of sustainable buildings in Europe, North America and Australia. The sections of the book are divided into design issues relating to sustainable development, including site and ecology.
2014 Introduction to Architectural Science
ISBN 0415824982 ISBN-13 9780415824989
Introducing the basics of architectural science, this book is an ideal reference, providing an understanding of the physical basis of architectural design. The knowledge gained from this book equips the reader with the tools to realize the full potential of the good intentions of sustainable, bioclimatic design. All sections have been revised and updated for this second edition including more information on small scale energy generation methods and techniques. The book has also been reformatted to be even more accessible, with a larger page size and colour printing.
2000 Green Architecture Taschen America Llc
ISBN 3822863033 ISBN-13 9783822863039
This book is intended as a general exploration of how to construct a human habitat in harmony with nature. It is about opening up ideas and issues for investigation and identifying new directions in green design.
2004 Energy and Environmental Issues for the Practising Architect Thomas Telford
ISBN 0727732161 ISBN-13 9780727732163
This book is aimed at anyone who has an interest in the design and procurement of buildings, in particular, to the practising architect and students of architecture. It will also be useful to those studying or practising in design-related fields.
2014-10-13 Heating, Cooling, Lighting John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 9781118582428 ISBN-13 111858242X
Sustainable environmental control through building design Heating, Cooling, and Lighting is the industry standard text on environmental control systems with the emphasis on sustainable design. By detailing the many factors that contribute to the comfort in a building, this book helps architects minimize mechanical systems and energy usage over the life of the building by siting, building design, and landscaping to maximize natural heating, cooling, and lighting. This new fourth edition includes new information on integrated design strategies and designing for the Tropics. Resources include helpful case studies, checklists, diagrams, and a companion website featuring additional cases, an image bank, and instructor materials. Designing buildings that require less energy to heat, cool, and light means allowing the natural energy of the sun and wind to reduce the burden on the mechanical and electrical systems. Basic design decisions regarding size, orientation, and form have a great impact on the sustainability, cost, and comfort of a building. Heating, Cooling, and Lighting provides detailed guidance for each phase of a design project. Readers will: Understand the concept of sustainability as applied to energy sources Review the basic principles of thermal comfort, and the critical role of climate Learn the fundamentals of solar responsive design, including active and passive solar systems as well as photovoltaics Discover how siting, architectural design, and landscaping can reduce the requirements for mechanical and electrical systems In sustainable design, mechanical, and electrical systems should be used to only accomplish what the architect could not by the design of the building itself. With this in mind, designers require a comprehensive understanding of both the properties of energy and the human factors involved in thermal comfort. Heating, Cooling, and Lighting is the complete, industry-leading resource for designers interested in sustainable environmental control.
20/08/2019 CONSTRUCTING ARCHITECTURE: Materials Processes, Structures; A Handbook Birkhauser Verlag AG