ARCH08028 2013 PALAEOPATHOLOGY
This module provides a theoretical background to the study of palaeopathological lesions and injuries commonly identified in human skeletal remains. It will also cover practical skills such as how to identify and describe different pathological lesions in the skeleton.
On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;
Demonstrate an understanding of the different types of pathologies commonly identified in human skeletal remains.
Be proficient in accurately describing pathological lesions in the human skeleton.
Understand the inferences which may be made about a population through the examination of palaeopathological lesions, and understand the limitations of these data.
Develop effective written communication skills for scientific research.
Be aware of the wider significance of health and disease in interpreting past societies
Module Assessment Strategies
50% of the assessment will be based on practical laboratory skills. This will ensure relevance to the world of archaeological consulting and research. The continuous assessment will provide an opportunity to demonstrate depth of learning of the learning outcomes.
An introduction to palaeopathology
Review of basic demographic parameters
Congenital disease and developmental defects
Dental health and disease
Non-specific indicators of physiological stress
Coursework & Assessment Breakdown
|Title||Type||Form||Percent||Week||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
|1||Continuous Assessment Essay||Continuous Assessment||UNKNOWN||50 %||End of Term||1,2,3,4,5|
|2||Continuous Assessment Lab book||Continuous Assessment||UNKNOWN||50 %||OnGoing||1,2,3,4,5|
Full Time Mode Workload
|Lecture||Science Laboratory||Lecture - Archaeology Lab||1||Weekly||1.00|
|Laboratory Practical||Science Laboratory||Practical - Archaeology Lab||2||Weekly||2.00|
|Independent Learning||UNKNOWN||Self study||4||Weekly||4.00|
Brickley, M. & Ives, R. 2008. The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease. London, Academic Press.
Cox, M. & Mays, S (eds) 2000 Human Osteology In Archaeological and Forensic Science. London, Greenwich Medical Media Ltd.
Mays, S.A. 1998a. The Archaeology of Human Bones. London, Routledge.
Roberts, C. & Manchester, K. 2005. The Archaeology of Disease (2nd edition). New York, Sutton Publishing.
Roberts, C. & Cox, M. 2003. Health and Disease in Britain: From Prehistory to the Present Day Stroud, Sutton Publishing
Rogers, J. & Waldron, T. 1995. A Field Guide to Joint Disease in Archaeology. Chichester, John Wiley and Sons.
Rogers, J. & Waldron, T. 1989. Infections in palaeopathology: The basis of classification according to most probable cause. Journal of Archaeological Science 16: 611-625.
Rogers, J., Waldron, T., Dieppe, P. & Watt, I. 1987. Anthropathies in Palaeopathology: The basis of classification according to the most probable cause. Journal of Archaeological Science 14: 179-193.
Schwartz, J.H. 1995. Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development and Analysis. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Walker, P., Bathurst, R., Richman, R., Gjerdrum, T. & Andrushko, V. 2009. The cause of porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia: A reappraisal of the iron-deficiency-anemia hypothesis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139: 109-125.
Weiss, E. & Jurmain, R. 2007. Osteoarthritis revisited: A contemporary review of aetiology. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 17: 437-450.
Wood, J.W., Milner, G.R., Harpending, H.C. & Weiss, K.M. 1992. The Osteological Paradox: Problems of Inferring Prehistoric Health from Skeletal Samples. Current Anthropology 33: 343-370.
Timetable as a 3 hour block in the archaeology lab (theory and practical) to maximise interactive mode of delivery of theory and practical and allow access to reference and replica materials.