ARCH07047 2019 Landscape Archaeology

General Details

Full Title
Landscape Archaeology
Transcript Title
Landscape Archaeology
70 %
Subject Area
ARCH - Archaeology
ESCI - Environmental Science
07 - NFQ Level 7
05 - 05 Credits
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Frances Lucy, Sam Moore, Shirley Markley
Programme Membership
SG_SAPPL_H08 201900 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Science in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_J07 201900 Level 7 Add-on Award in Applied Archaeology

The objective of this module is to introduce students to the ways in which archaeologists study and interpret landscapes and to provide students with an understanding of the concepts, sources and techniques used in the discipline. A main element of the course is practical work using electronic survey equipment including GPS and total station, which includes data collection and output of maps and plans. The course looks at various methodologies of landscape archaeology using case studies and practicals, and encourages an integrated multidisciplinary approach to the research of archaeological sites and regions.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;


Evaluate the merits and shortcomings of different methodological and theoretical approaches to archaeological landscapes.

Demonstrate familiarity with the concepts of landscape evolution and change through time.              
Design an archaeological landscape survey using a variety of different methods.

Demonstrate ability of collect and output 2D and 3D monument(s) and map data

Demonstrate evidence of self-management and problem solving through assessment performance.

Express data and concepts about archaeological landscapes in written and oral formats.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered full-time. This will include lectures and on-campus field practicals, augmented by independent learning and directed learning. The on-campus field practicals include surveying a replica ring barrow and ringfort on campus grounds along with basic map making. This approach is expected to address student learning needs

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 100% Continuous Assessment

This is broken down 50% for a course project, 40% for a field monument survey and 10% for a presentation based on the project work.

The course project involves each student carrying out a landscape analysis of a particular monument or cluster of monuments in an essay format which must be agreed by the course tutor by week 3 of the course. The field monument survey can relate to the project and comprises a detailed monument description along with a completed digital plan of the site. The presentation relates to a 15 minute oral presentation on a description and key findings of the project work.

Repeat Assessments

'Repeat Continuous Assessment

Module Dependencies

ARCH07041 201900 Introduction to GIS for Archaeologists
ARCH07029 201900 Digital Archaeology None

Indicative Syllabus

Topics in this module include how archaeologists ‘read' a landscape; and the tools they possess to do aid this; a review of the basics in archaeological surveying; using the total station and its applications; demonstration and use of of geographical positioning system (GPS); data collection and management; making maps; investigating, interpreting landscapes and using ArcGIS and vector drawing software to make plans.

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
100 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Landscape analysis of an archaeological site(s) Continuous Assessment Essay 50 % Week 13 1,2,3,4,5,6
2 Field monument survey Continuous Assessment Assignment 40 % Week 13 2,4,5,6
3 Presentation of project results Continuous Assessment Assessment 10 % Week 13 2,3,5,6

Full Time Mode Workload

Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Computer Laboratory Landscape archaeology and Digital data processing 1 Weekly 1.00
Practical Computer Laboratory Digital surveying 2.5 Weekly 2.50
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Self Study 3.5 Weekly 3.50
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.50 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
ISBN 9171929452 ISBN-13 9789171929457

The Cuil Irra region on the west coast of Ireland is one of the richest areas of passage tombs in western Europe. The monuments range from small, simple, dolmens to complex monuments with gigantic cairns, and cover the timespan c. 4000-3000 BC. Landscape of the Monuments is the first modern, detailed account of this important group of monuments from a regional and spatial perspective, and includes a corpus of all monuments. The book focuses on a number of aspects relating to the location of the monuments in the landscape, and discusses the nature of Neolithic man's intentions to organise his physical and symbolic world. The great variation of monuments is discussed in terms of ritual and social complexity, and seen to reflect an ambition in Neolithic society to manipulate the way the social and physical landscape should be comprehended. The relation between the Cuil Irra monuments and the nearby passage tomb complex of Carrowkeel-Keshcorran is analysed, and the Cuil Irra region is furthermore seen in its wider context of the Irish passage tomb tradition. Contents: Preface, Irish Megalithic Tombs, Aims, The Landscape, The Passage Tomb Tradition, The Monuments, Chronology, The Monuments in the Landscape, The Role of the Monuments, Landscape of the Monuments, Bibliography, Appendix - The Passage Tombs in the Cuil Irra Region.

Required Reading
1999-10-21 Landscapes of Neolithic Ireland Routledge
ISBN 0415169771 ISBN-13 9780415169776

Landscapes of Neolithic Ireland Landscapes of Neolithic is the first volume to be devoted solely to the Irish Neolithic, using an innovative landscape and anthropological perspective to provide significant new insights on the period. Full description

Required Reading
2012-03-15 Handbook of Landscape Archaeology (World Archaeological Congress Research Handbooks in Archaeology) EDS Publications Ltd. (Consignment)
ISBN 1598746162 ISBN-13 9781598746167

Rare Book

Required Reading
1994-11-01 A Phenomenology of Landscape: Places, Paths and Monuments (Explorations in Anthropology) Berg 3PL
ISBN 1859730760 ISBN-13 9781859730768

x + 221pp, inc many illusts, 4 tables, laminated card, 8vo This book is an extended photographic essay about topographic features of the landscape.

Recommended Reading
2012-02-29 Interpreting Landscapes: Geologies, Topographies, Identities; Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology 3 Routledge
ISBN 1598743759 ISBN-13 9781598743753

This book takes a new approach to writing about the past. Instead of studying the prehistory of Britain from Mesolithic to Iron Age times in terms of periods or artifact classifications, Tilley examines it through the lens of their geology and landscapes, asserting the fundamental significance of the bones of the land in the process of human occupation over the long duree. Granite uplands, rolling chalk downlands, sandstone moorlands, and pebbled hilltops each create their own potentialities and symbolic resources for human settlement and require forms of social engagement. Taking his findings from years of phenomenological fieldwork experiencing different landscapes with all senses and from many angles, Tilley creates a saturated and historically imaginative account of the landscapes of southern England and the people who inhabited them. This work is also a key theoretical statement about the importance of landscapes for human settlement.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

Essential Reading

Ashmore, W. & Knapp. A. B. 1999. Archaeologies of Landscape: Contemporary perspectives. Blackwell, Oxford (particularly chapter 1). Library Ref: 930.1 ASH

Howard, P . 2007 Archaeological Surveying and Mapping.  Routledge, London

Tilley, C. 1994, A Phenomenology of Landscape, Berg, Oxford (particularly chapter 1). Library Ref: 936.29 TIL

Wheatley, D. and Gilings, M. 2000 Spatial Technology and Archaeology. Taylor and Francis, London.

Journal Resources

Bergh, S. 2000, 'Transforming Knocknarea - the archaeology of a mountain', Archaeology Ireland Vol 14 No 2, p.14-17

Bergh, S. 2002, ‘Knocknarea: the ultimate mountain’ in Chris Scarre (ed) Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe, Routledge, London, 139-51.

Bergh, S. 2003. ‘Two Stones Make a Line’. In Lost and Found: Discovering Ireland’s Past. J. Fenwick (ed), Wordwell, Bray

Cooney, G. Condit, T. & Byrnes, E. 1999 ‘Timescapes: understanding and managing archaeological landscapes in Ireland’, Policies and Priorities for Ireland’s Landscapes: Conference papers, Tullamore Co Offaly, Ireland, The Heritage Council, Kilkenny, 61-71

Cooney, G. Condit, T. & Byrnes, E. 2002, Archaeological Landscapes, The Heritage Council, Kilkenny

URL Resources

Other Resources


Additional Information

A considerable part of this module is conducted in the field. It is advisable that practical warm and waterproof clothing and footwear be worn.