ARCH07043 2019 Osteoarchaeology and Forensic Archaeology

General Details

Full Title
Osteoarchaeology and Forensic Archaeology
Transcript Title
Osteoarchaeology and Forensic
Code
ARCH07043
Attendance
N/A %
Subject Area
ARCH - Archaeology
Department
ESCI - Environmental Science
Level
07 - NFQ Level 7
Credit
05 - 05 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Frances Lucy, Noel Connaughton, Shirley Markley, Ana Vale, Fiona Beglane
Programme Membership
SG_SAPPL_H08 201900 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Science in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_J07 201900 Level 7 Add-on Award in Applied Archaeology
Description

This module introduces students to the basic principles of osteoarchaeology and of forensic archaeology.  Human remains provide a unique insight into past individuals and knowledge of these can be applied to understanding past societies. Forensic archaeologists are involved primarily in the search for and retrieval of crime related evidence and in particular, human remains.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Explain the basic principles on which osteoarchaeology and forensic archaeology are based.

2.

Define the principal methods used in osteoarchaeology and forensic archaeology.

3.

Demonstrate an understanding of the practical procedures for recovering and analysing human remains.   

4.

Analyse, evaluate and draw conclusions from data obtained in the laboratory and/or data presented in problem-solving exercises.

5.

Effectively communicate scientific principles to a peer audience.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered fulltime. This will include lectures, presentations, discussions and laboratory practicals augmented by independent learning. This approach is expected to address student learning needs.

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 70% Continuous Assessment and 30% Final exam. 50% of the assessment will be based on practical laboratory skills. This will ensure relevance to the world of archaeological consulting and research. 20% of the assessment will be in the form of a presentation mid-semester, which will develop the student's ability to communicate technical information. The exam is designed to test the ability of the student to retain and to express the information gained during the course, while continuous assessment will provide ongoing opportunities to
demonstrate the learning outcomes.

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessment and/or Final Exam

Module Dependencies

Co-requisites
None
Incompatibles
None

Indicative Syllabus

Explain the basic principles on which osteoarchaeology and forensic archaeology are based.

  • Decomposition and decay
  • Inhumations, mummies, bog bodies and cremations
  • Evidential search and recovery
  • Mass graves and war crimes
  • Ethics when dealing with human remains

Define the principal methods used in osteoarchaeology and forensic archaeology.

  • Field methods and processing for archaeological and forensic excavations
  • Anatomy, age, sex and stature from human remains
  • Analytical techniques such as DNA, stable isotopes and chemical analyses
  • Trauma and injury
  • Dietary deficiencies and diseases

Demonstrate an understanding of the practical procedures for recovering and analysing human remains.  

  • Anatomy
  • Age, sex and stature from human remains
  • Practical excavation

Analyse, evaluate and draw conclusions from data obtained in the laboratory and/or data presented in problem-solving exercises.

  • Data analysis exercises

Effectively communicate scientific principles to a peer audience.

  • Presentation based on case studies

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
70 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
30 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Lab Practical Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 50 % OnGoing 2,3,4
2 Continuous Assessment Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 20 % OnGoing 1,4,5
             

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Written exam Final Exam UNKNOWN 30 % End of Term 1,2,3
             
             

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Science Laboratory Lecture - Archaeology Lab 2 Weekly 2.00
Laboratory Practical Science Laboratory Practical - Archaeology lab 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Self study 3 Weekly 3.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
1971-12-31 Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual (Special Publication No. 2 of the Missouri Archaeological Soc) Missouri Archaeological Society
ISBN 0943414962 ISBN-13 9780943414966

BASS, W. M. HUMAN OSTEOLOGY. A LABORATORY AND FIELD MANUAL. COLUMBIA, KY, 2005, xviii 365 p.,figuras. Encuadernacion original. Nuevo.

Recommended Reading
2010-04-26 The Archaeology of Human Bones Routledge
ISBN 0415480914 ISBN-13 9780415480918

Provides an account of the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites. This title reflects the various developments in scientific techniques for studying human skeletons and the applications of those techniques in archaeology. It includes sections on ancient DNA and bone stable isotopes.

Recommended Reading
2019-01-31 McMinn and Abrahams' Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy, 8e Elsevier
ISBN 0702073326 ISBN-13 9780702073328
Recommended Reading
2003-07-02 The Archaeology of Death and Burial The History Press
ISBN 0750932767 ISBN-13 9780750932769

Archaeology of Death and Burial

Recommended Reading
2016-07-22 Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology (WAC Research Handbooks in Archaeology) Routledge
ISBN 9781629583846 ISBN-13 9781629583846
Recommended Reading
1995-10-05 Studies in Crime: An Introduction to Forensic Archaeology (Batsford) Routledge
ISBN 0415166128 ISBN-13 9780415166126
Recommended Reading
2005-10-11 Forensic Archaeology Advances in Theory and Practice: Advances in Theory and Practice Routledge
ISBN 0415273129 ISBN-13 9780415273121

Presents an introduction to the methods and means of forensic archaeology. This book examines the four main fields of recovery, search, skeletal analysis and analytical science, and how the concepts and methods of traditional archaeology can by utilized within criminal investigations.

Recommended Reading
1999-04-30 Human Bones in Archaeology (Shire Archaeology) Shire Publications
ISBN 0747804125 ISBN-13 9780747804123

Second edition 2009 with slightly different cover.

Module Resources

Journal Resources

International Journal of Osteoarchaeology

Journal of Archaeological Science

Nature

Forensic Science International

Forensic Science Review

Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research

Archaeological & Environmental Forensic Science

Science

URL Resources

https://www.heritagecouncil.ie/content/files/human_remains_in_irish_archaeology_2003_2mb.pdf

http://www.iai.ie/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/The-Treatment-of-Human-Remains.pdf

https://www.museum.ie/NationalMuseumIreland/media/Corporate-Information/Policies%20and%20Guidelines/Policy-Human-Remains-Final.pdf

Other Resources

None

Additional Information

Timetable as a 4 hour block in the archaeology lab (theory and practical) to maximise interactive mode of delivery of theory and practical and allow access to replica materials.