ARCH07042 2019 Characterisation And Dating Of Archaeological Materials

General Details

Full Title
Characterisation And Dating Of Archaeological Materials
Transcript Title
Characterisation And Dating Of
Code
ARCH07042
Attendance
N/A %
Subject Area
ARCH - Archaeology
Department
ESCI - Environmental Science
Level
07 - NFQ Level 7
Credit
05 - 05 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Carmel Moran
Programme Membership
SG_SAPPL_H08 201900 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Science in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_J07 201900 Level 7 Add-on Award in Applied Archaeology
Description

The purpose of this module is to introduce the learner to the core concepts and basic skills utilised in analytical chemistry with regard to archaeological analysis. The learner will gain key skills in the assessment and implementation of analytical methods and interpretation of analytical data. The learner will also be introduced to a variety of scientific approaches/techniques used in the dating of archaeological materials.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Demonstrate an understanding of the underlying concepts and principles of analytical instrumentation used in the identification and elemental fingerprinting of materials/artefacts.

2.

Outline the importance of appropriate sample preparation and preservation in the analytical process

3.

Implement instrumental techniques useful in modern archaeological and conservation analysis and  conduct practical work in a competent manner.

4.

Communicate and report the findings of experimental analysis in an individual and/or group format taking into consideration good laboratory practice.

5.

Explain and evaluate a number of scientific approaches/techniques to the dating of archaeological materials.

6.

Describe compare and evaluate research that has used scientific methods to answer archaeological questions, problems and contexts.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered full-time. This will include lectures, laboratory practicals, and site visits augmented by independent learning and directed learning. This approach is expected to address student learning needs. Moodle will be used as a repository of educational resources and as a means of assessment (e.g. quizzes, uploading assignments and journals). A site visit to a commercial laboratory where advance instrumentation is used for archaeological analysis will be required to illustrate the importance of the fundamentals of instrumentation and dating techniques within this field of study.

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 60% Continuous Assessment and 40% Final Exam.

Continuous assessment will provide the student with the opportunity to demonstrate the learning outcomes and monitor the student's progress. The continuous assessment is broken down into practical assessment (40%) and assignment (20%).

Laboratory skills and report writing ability (40%) are assessed as part of the practical work performed during the module. A minimum attendance of 75% is required in order to meet the learning outcomes of the practical component of this module. Failure to meet this requirement may result in repeat attending the module.

An assignment (20%) will be required which demonstrates the student's ability to critically evaluate the use of advanced instrumental techniques in the field of archaeology.

The final exam is designed to test the ability of the student to retain and interpret the information obtained during the course. The student must reach an assigned gate (mark) in the final exam and achieve 40% overall to pass the subject.

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessment and/or Final Exam

Indicative Syllabus

Demonstrate an understanding of the underlying concepts and principles of analytical instrumentation used in the identification and elemental fingerprinting of materials/artefacts.

X-ray Fluorescence,

Scanning Electron Microscopy- Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry and Optical Emission Spectrometry

Liquid and Gas Chromatography

To outline the importance of appropriate sample preparation and preservation in the analytical process

Sample Preparation and Preservation

Impact of Environmental Factors

To implement instrumental techniques useful in modern archaeological and conservation analysis and to conduct practical work in a competent manner.

Calibration and operation of instrumental techniques. Reference Materials for Accuracy analysis. Use of external, internal and standard additions techniques. Assessment of accuracy and precision. Replicate analysis.

To communicate and report the findings of experimental analysis in an individual and/or group format taking into consideration good laboratory practice.

Recording of data using Good Laboratory Practice. Report writing demonstrating an understanding of the findings and an ability to critically evaluate the data obtained.

Explain and evaluate a number of scientific approaches/techniques to the dating of archaeological materials.

Radiocarbon dating. Luminescence Dating. Uranium Series Dating, Potassium-Argon Dating, FUN.

Field trip to commercial/government laboratory where advanced analysis is carried out.  

Describe compare and evaluate research that has used scientific methods to answer archaeological questions, problems and contexts.

Case studies outlining the use of science in the detection of forgeries.

Review of research literature highlighting the use of scientific analysis in archaeological context.  

 

 

 

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
60 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
40 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Continuous Assessment Theory Continuous Assessment Assignment 20 % Week 10 1,2,6
2 Practical Evaluation Continuous Assessment Written Report 40 % OnGoing 2,3,4
             

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Theory Final Exam Closed Book Exam 40 % End of Term 1,2,5,6
             
             

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Flat Classroom Theory 1 Weekly 1.00
Laboratory Practical Science Laboratory Laboratory Pratical 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Independent Learning 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Required Reading
2007-01-18 Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology (Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology) Cambridge University Press
ISBN 052165209X ISBN-13 9780521652094

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology This 2007 book introduces the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and reviews their application to archaeology. Full description

Required Reading
2009-02-04 Scientific Investigation of Copies, Fakes and Forgeries Routledge

The faking and forgery of works of art and antiquities is probably now more extensive than ever before. The frauds are aided by new technologies, from ink jet printers to epoxy resins, and driven by the astronomic prices realised on the global market.

This book aims to provide a comprehensive survey of the subject over a wide range of materials, emphasising how the fakes and forgeries are produced and how they may be detected by technical and scientific examination. The subject is exemplified by numerous case studies, some turning out not to be as conclusive as is sometimes believed.

The book is aimed at those likely to have a serious interest in these investigations, be they curator, collector, conservator or scientist.

Paul Craddock has recently retired from the Department of Conservation, Documentation and Science at the British Museum, where he was a materials scientist.

Required Reading
2000-06-12 Analytical Archaeology (Chemical Analysis: A Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry and Its A ... pplications) John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 047129361X ISBN-13 9780471293613
Required Reading
2012-10-16 Archaeology: The Science of the Human Past Routledge
ISBN 0205881793 ISBN-13 9780205881796

Illuminating the world of archaeology. Archaeology conveys the excitement of archaeological discovery and explains how archaeologists think as they scientifically find, analyze, and interpret evidence. The main objective of this text is to provide an introduction to the broad and fascinating world of archaeology from the scientific perspective. Discussions on the theoretical aspects of archaeology, as well as the practical applications of what is learned about the past, have been updated and expanded upon in this fourth edition. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: * Discuss the theoretical aspects of archaeology. * Apply what has been learned about the past. * Identify the various perspectives archaeologists have.

Module Resources

Non ISBN Literary Resources

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Journal Resources

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URL Resources

The Chrono Centre, Queens Belfast:  http://www.chrono.qub.ac.uk/

 

Other Resources

None

Additional Information

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