ARCH07031 2019 Archaeological Materials and Artefacts

General Details

Full Title
Archaeological Materials and Artefacts
Transcript Title
Archaeological Materials and A
Code
ARCH07031
Attendance
N/A %
Subject Area
ARCH - Archaeology
Department
ESCI - Environmental Science
Level
07 - NFQ Level 7
Credit
05 - 05 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Frances Lucy, Noel Connaughton, Shirley Markley, Ana Vale, Fiona Beglane
Programme Membership
SG_SAPPL_H08 201900 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Science in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_J07 201900 Level 7 Add-on Award in Applied Archaeology
Description

This course is intended to introduce the student to the study of the science of materials and artefacts.  There is an emphasis on physical form, chemical and physical structure and properties as an aid in explaining the provenance, composition and processing of archaeological materials and artefacts.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Explain how the atomic and microscopic structures determine the properties and processing of a broad spectrum of organic, inorganic and metallic archaeological materials.

2.

Understand, describe and illustrate the sourcing and preparation of raw materials and the manufacturing technologies employed in the production of a broad spectrum of organic, inorganic and metallic archaeological artefacts.

3.

Describe, compare and evaluate research that has used scientific methods to answer archaeological questions, problems and contexts

4.

Demonstrate an understanding of the various methods of describing and characterising artefacts and materials

5.

Effectively communicate aspects of materials and technologies to a peer audience.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered fulltime. This will include lectures, presentations, a fieldtrip and laboratory practicals augmented by independent learning. This approach is expected to address student learning needs.

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 60% Continuous Assessment. 40% of the assessment will be based on practical laboratory and fieldtrip skills. These will ensure relevance to the world of archaeological consulting and research. 20% of the assessment will be in the form of a presentation mid-semester, which will develop the student's ability to communicate technical information.40% of the assessment will be based on the exam, which is designed to test the ability of the student to retain and to express the information gained during the course.

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessment and/or Final Exam

Indicative Syllabus

Explain how the atomic and microscopic structures determine the properties and processing of a broad spectrum of organic, inorganic and metallic archaeological materials.

  • Material structures and properties

Understand, describe and illustrate the sourcing and preparation of raw materials and the manufacturing technologies employed in the production of a broad spectrum of organic, inorganic and metallic archaeological artefacts.

  • Artefact lifecycle: Acquisition, manufacture, use and discard
  • Fieldtrip

Describe, compare and evaluate research that has used scientific methods to answer archaeological questions, problems and contexts

  • Case studies
  • Presentation

Artefact lifecycle: Acquisition, manufacture, use and discard

  • Laboratory practical

Demonstrate an understanding of the various methods of describing and characterising artefacts and materials

  • Laboratory practical

Effectively communicate aspects of materials and technologies to a peer audience.

  • Presentation

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
60 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
40 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Continuous Assessment Log Book Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 40 % OnGoing 2,3,4,5
2 Continuous Assessment Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 20 % OnGoing 1,2,3,5
             

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Written Exam Final Exam Closed Book Exam 40 % End of Term 1,2,3
             
             

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Science Laboratory Lecture - Archaeology Lab 2 Weekly 2.00
Laboratory Practical Science Laboratory Practical - Archaeology Lab and fieldtrip 1 Weekly 1.00
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Self Study 4 Weekly 4.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 3.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2008-04-22 Archaeological Chemistry: RSC (Rsc Paperbacks) Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN 9780854042623 ISBN-13 9780854042623
Recommended Reading
2007-01-18 Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology (Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology) Cambridge University Press
ISBN 052165209X ISBN-13 9780521652094

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology This 2007 book introduces the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and reviews their application to archaeology. Full description

Recommended Reading
2016-10-18 Bone, Antler, Ivory and Horn Routledge
ISBN 1138818003 ISBN-13 9781138818002
Recommended Reading
1998-03-01 Traces of the Past: Unraveling the Secrets of Archaeology Through Chemistry (Helix Books) Perseus Books
ISBN 0201409283 ISBN-13 9780201409284
Recommended Reading
1995-01-26 Artifacts (Introduction to Early Materials and Technology) Bristol Classical Press

Recommended Reading
1995-06-01 Early Metal Mining and Production Smithsonian Books
ISBN 1560985356 ISBN-13 9781560985358
Recommended Reading
2015-07-09 Pottery Analysis, Second Edition: A Sourcebook University of Chicago Press
ISBN 0226923215 ISBN-13 9780226923215

Just as a single pot starts with a lump of clay, the study of a piece's history must start with an understanding of its raw materials. This principle is the foundation of Pottery Analysis, the acclaimed sourcebook that has become the indispensable guide for archaeologists and anthropologists worldwide. This new edition fully incorporates more than two decades of growth and diversification in the fields of archaeological and ethnographic study of pottery. It begins with a summary of the origins and history of pottery in different parts of the world, then examines the raw materials of pottery and their physical and chemical properties. It addresses ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological perspectives on pottery production; reviews the methods of studying pottery's physical, mechanical, thermal, mineralogical, and chemical properties; and discusses how proper analysis of artifacts can reveal insights into their culture of origin.

Recommended Reading
2000-06-12 Analytical Archaeology (Chemical Analysis: A Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry and Its A ... pplications) John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 047129361X ISBN-13 9780471293613
Recommended Reading
1992-05-14 Science For Conservators: Volume 1: An Introduction to Materials: Introduction to Materials Vol 1 (Heritage: Care-Preservation-Management) Routledge
ISBN 0415071674 ISBN-13 9780415071673

For more than ten years, the Science for Conservators Series have been the key basic texts for conservators throughout the world. Scientific concepts are basic to the conservation of artefacts of every type, yet many conservators have little or no scientific training. These introductory volumes provide non-scientists with the essential theoretical backgound to their work. The prime reason for the books' continuing success is that they clarify often complex ideas, without distortion or over-simplification. They are essential basic textbooks for all conservators in training, and as such are in use throughout the world. Now part of the Heritage: Care-Preservation-Management handbook programme, these volumes in the series have now been provided with carefully selected bibliographies and reading lists, to bring the student into contact with the most recent work in the field. Further volumes are in preparation.

Recommended Reading
2004-08-27 Understanding Materials Science: History, Properties, Applications, Second Edition Springer
ISBN 0387209395 ISBN-13 9780387209395
Recommended Reading
2013-12-04 Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction Wiley
ISBN 1118324579 ISBN-13 9781118324578

Title: Materials Science and Engineering( An Introduction) <>Binding: Hardcover <>Author: WilliamD.,Jr.Callister <>Publisher: JohnWiley&Sons

Module Resources

Journal Resources

Antiquity

Journal of Archaeological Science

Archaeometry

Science

 

URL Resources

http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935413.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199935413-e-8

https://www.canada.ca/en/services/culture/history-heritage/museology-conservation/preservation-conservation/tools-resources.html

https://www.archaeologists.net/sites/default/files/CIfAS&GFinds_1.pdf

https://historicengland.org.uk/advice/technical-advice/archaeological-science/materials-science-and-industrial-processes/

https://historicengland.org.uk/advice/technical-advice/archaeological-science/archaeological-conservation/

Other Resources

None

Additional Information

Timetable as a 3 hour block in the archaeology lab (theory and practical) to maximise interactive mode of delivery of theory and practical, to allow access to replica artefacts and to allow variation in the proportion of each to meet the overall whole.