ARCH06026 2019 Environmental Archaeology

General Details

Full Title
Environmental Archaeology
Transcript Title
Environmental Archaeology
Code
ARCH06026
Attendance
N/A %
Subject Area
ARCH - Archaeology
Department
ESCI - Environmental Science
Level
06 - NFQ Level 6
Credit
05 - 05 Credits
Duration
Semester
Fee
Start Term
2019 - Full Academic Year 2019-20
End Term
9999 - The End of Time
Author(s)
Frances Lucy, Noel Connaughton, Shirley Markley, Ana Vale, Fiona Beglane
Programme Membership
SG_SAPPL_H08 201900 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_B07 201900 Bachelor of Science in Applied Archaeology SG_SAPPL_C06 201900 Higher Certificate in Science in Applied Archaeology
Description

Environmental archaeology aims to reconstruct past environments and to reconstruct the relationship between past peoples and the animals, plants and landscapes around them. It is divided into three main fields: archaeobotany, zooarchaeology and geoarchaeology, all of which will be introduced in this module. The module introduces students to the basic principles, techniques and applications of environmental archaeology.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the learner will/should be able to;

1.

Explain the theoretical and practical concepts and the major applications of environmental archaeology in interpreting archaeological sites and landscapes.

2.

Define the principal methods used in environmental archaeology and identify when these methods would be applicable.

3.

Demonstrate the practical procedures used in a range of environmental analyses.

4.

Analyse, evaluate and draw conclusions from data obtained in the laboratory and/or data presented in problem-solving exercises.

5.

Effectively communicate scientific principles to a peer audience.

Teaching and Learning Strategies

This module will be delivered fulltime. This will include lectures, laboratory practicals, and site visits augmented by independent learning. This approach is expected to address student learning needs.

Module Assessment Strategies

This module is 70% Continuous Assessment and 30% Final exam. 50% of the assessment will be based on practical laboratory skills and fieldwork.  This will ensure relevance to the world of archaeological consulting and research. 20% of the assessment will be in the form of a presentation mid-semester, which will develop the student's ability to communicate technical information. The exam is designed to test the ability of the student to retain and to express the information gained during the course, while continuous assessment will provide ongoing opportunities to demonstrate the learning outcomes. 

Repeat Assessments

Repeat Continuous Assessment and/or Final Exam

Module Dependencies

Prerequisites
None
Co-requisites
None
Incompatibles
None

Indicative Syllabus

Explain the theoretical and practical concepts and the major applications of environmental archaeology in interpreting archaeological sites and landscapes.

  • Environmental evidence
  • Ecology and ecosystems
  • The changing landscape of Ireland
  • Case studies in environmental archaeology

Define the principal methods used in environmental archaeology and identify when these methods would be applicable.

  • Sampling techniques
  • Measuring timescales
  • Preservation of evidence

Demonstrate the practical procedures used in a range of environmental analyses.

  • Fieldtrip
  • Laboratory practicals

Analyse, evaluate and draw conclusions from data obtained in the laboratory and/or data presented in problem-solving exercises.

  • Case studies: Interpreting data
  • Laboratory practicals

Effectively communicate scientific principles to a peer audience

  • Presentations

Coursework & Assessment Breakdown

Coursework & Continuous Assessment
70 %
End of Semester / Year Formal Exam
30 %

Coursework Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Continuous Assessment Lab practical Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 50 % OnGoing 2,3,4,5
2 Continuous Assessment Continuous Assessment UNKNOWN 20 % OnGoing 1,4,5
             

End of Semester / Year Assessment

Title Type Form Percent Week Learning Outcomes Assessed
1 Final Exam Written exam Final Exam UNKNOWN 30 % End of Term 1,2,3
             
             

Full Time Mode Workload


Type Location Description Hours Frequency Avg Workload
Lecture Science Laboratory Lecture - Archaeology lab 2 Weekly 2.00
Laboratory Practical Science Laboratory Archaeology Lab 2 Weekly 2.00
Independent Learning UNKNOWN Self study 3 Weekly 3.00
Total Full Time Average Weekly Learner Contact Time 4.00 Hours

Required & Recommended Book List

Recommended Reading
2016-01-18 Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice Thames and Hudson Ltd
ISBN 0500292108 ISBN-13 9780500292105

Since its first edition, Renfrew and Bahn's Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice has been the leading educational source on what archaeologists do and how they do it. The text is organized around the key questions that archaeologists ask about the past and details the practical and theoretical ways in which answers to those questions are sought. The seventh edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, with sixteen additional pages and new material on the latest developments in the subject and coverage of many recent discoveries., The book is newly designed with additional box features and extensive drawings, charts and photographs, all in full colour. This is a truly global introduction to archaeology, and includes examples from every part of the world. New boxes include coverage of the discovery of Richard III's burial; excavations at the Neolithic Ness of Brodgar in the Orkney Islands; snow patch archaeology on mountain tops and in the far north; Roman glassware traded to ancient Japan; the Museum of London's excavation of a Roman and later medieval site in the heart of the city; fresh analysis of Grauballe Man, a Danish Iron Age bog body; and work on the origins of farming at Jerf el Ahmar, Syria.

Recommended Reading
2014-01-31 The Holocene: An Environmental History Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN 1405155213 ISBN-13 9781405155212

The Holocene provides students, researchers and lay-readers with the remarkable story of how the natural world has been transformed since the end of the last Ice Age around 15,000 years ago. This period has witnessed a shift from environmental changes determined by natural forces to those dominated by human actions, including those of climate and greenhouse gases. Understanding the environmental changes - both natural and anthropogenic - that have occurred during the Holocene is of crucial importance if we are to achieve a sustainable environmental future. Revised and updated to take full account of the most recent advances, the third edition of this classic text includes substantial material on the scientific methods that are used to reconstruct and date past environments, as well as new concepts such as the Anthropocene. The book is fully-illustrated, global in coverage, and contains case studies, a glossary and more than 500 new references.

Recommended Reading
1997-02-05 Reading the Irish Landscape Town House
ISBN 0946172544 ISBN-13 9780946172542
Recommended Reading
2007-10-10 Environmental Archaeology in Ireland Oxbow Books

This edited volume of 16 papers provides an introduction to the techniques and methodologies, approaches and potential of environmental archaeology within Ireland. Each of the 16 invited contributions focuses on a particular aspect of environmental archaeology and include such specialist areas as radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, palaeoentomology, human osteoarchaeology, palynology and geoarchaeology, thereby providing a comprehensive overview of environmental archaeology within an Irish context. The inclusion of pertinent case studies within each chapter will heighten awareness of the profusion of high standard environmental archaeological research that is currently being undertaken on Irish material. The book will provide a key text for students and practitioners of archaeology, archaeological science and palaeoecology.

Recommended Reading
2014-10-24 Reconstructing Quaternary Environments Routledge
ISBN 0131274686 ISBN-13 9780131274686

This third edition of Reconstructing Quaternary Environments has been completely revised and updated to provide a new account of the history and scale of environmental changes during the Quaternary. The evidence is extremely diverse ranging from landforms and sediments to fossil assemblages and geochemical data, and includes new data from terrestrial, marine and ice-core records. Dating methods are described and evaluated, while the principles and practices of Quaternary stratigraphy are also discussed., The volume concludes with a new chapter which considers some of the key questions about the nature, causes and consequences of global climatic and environmental change over a range of temporal scales. This synthesis builds on the methods and approaches described earlier in the book to show how a number of exciting ideas that have emerged over the last two decades are providing new insights into the operation of the global earth-ocean-atmosphere system, and are now central to many areas of contemporary Quaternary research. This comprehensive and dynamic textbook is richly illustrated throughout with full-colour figures and photographs., The book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in Earth Science, Environmental Science, Physical Geography, Geology, Botany, Zoology, Ecology, Archaeology and Anthropology

Recommended Reading
1996-06-01 Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Methods Sutton Publishing Ltd
ISBN 0750917784 ISBN-13 9780750917780
Recommended Reading
2008-08-21 Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Practice Cambridge University Press
ISBN 9780521310772 ISBN-13 9780521310772

587pp. Top corner of front f.e.p. clipped to remove signature (no loss of text), brown stain to bottom of text block near spine (contents unaffected); condition otherwise near fine.

Module Resources

Journal Resources

Environmental Archaeology

Journal of Archaeological Science

Nature

Quaternary International

Quaternary Research

Quaternary Science Reviews

Science

URL Resources

http://envarch.net/

https://historicengland.org.uk/advice/technical-advice/archaeological-science/environmental-archaeology/

https://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/eab_eh_2004/

http://www.iai.ie/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/EnvironmentalSamplingGuidelines-2007-comp-1.pdf

 

 

Other Resources

None

Additional Information

Timetable as a 4 hour block in the archaeology lab (theory and practical) to maximise interactive mode of delivery of theory and practical and allow access to reference and replica materials.